The case when you have to spend the night without shelters and shelters, when it is impossible to build one or another frame-cloth or snow shelter or make a fire, are extremely rare in the practice of accidents. Even the most extreme emergency situations, as a rule, leave a person with the opportunity to build a primitive shelter.
Overnight without shelter for disaster victims in an emergency or emergency.
However, one must be prepared for action in the most adverse, most extraordinary conditions. For example, when the accident occurred in a treeless area, when there is practically no snow cover, and when the victims had absolutely no building material and building tools.
, having marked the place of loss of the track and its location. Victims who do not have bivvy property, in calm and without rain, you can try to spend the night in the open, lying or half-sitting, having gathered as densely as possible group.
At the same time, it should be as isolated from cold soil as possible. Those sitting outside cover up, warm, control the condition of those who have been placed in the center, and then change places with them. It is possible to sit sitting in two rows back to back, laying the rest on their feet and covering them with hands and clothes.
Overnight without shelters landing method.
At the beginning of the blizzard, one should try to find several bushes growing close to each other, tilt them, tie them with their peaks, lay out their straightened outer clothing or polyethylene (paratroopers use raincoat tents) and climb inside. A blizzard will gradually shelter a thick layer of snow. One more veteran paratrooper told me about a more extreme way of spending the night. Their unit simply lay on the ground, covered with camouflage raincoats. Lied down as dense group as possible. Those who were located on the edge quickly froze and squeezed inside the heap of human bodies. And so all night, moving from edge to center and from center to edge, they waited for the night. True, they were dressed in special overalls, not much resembling windbreakers.
Overnight without shelter in the snow.
There are cases when people spent the night buried in dry snow (in wet snow it is almost impossible to spend the night). But a similar method can be used only when the victims of the disaster have warm, small-sized clothes, a significant amount of food, when they are strong enough to control their sleep, or when a snowstorm begins, which is impossible to wait on their feet. It is most convenient to bury in blows behind obstacles, in snowdrifts between bushes. You don’t need to dig into the blizzard specifically, the wind itself will gradually fall asleep, cover a person with a thick snow coat.
Before you lie down, on the ground you need to make a primitive couch from any heat-insulating material, then fasten, tie, sew up all the pockets, all the holes, cracks in the clothes where snow can fill up, wrap your head with any free cloth, and it’s better to put it in an empty backpack. You can try to get into a long home-made backpack completely, curled up, or cut leg openings in the corners and put it on the body from below, like pants, tightening the neck over your head.
The backpack will perform a roller bag, protect clothes and head from getting wet. But, of course, it is best to wrap yourself in a large piece of plastic film, nylon, dacron or Bologna fabric. It is very important to insulate your legs as much as possible. In the absence of material, the head should be wrapped in a scarf or sleeve torn off the sweater and covered with hands bent at the elbows. You need to lie on your side, slightly bent in the belt. At first, snow is heaped to his feet, then on his back and chest. In the absence of a heat-insulating litter, you can sleep on all fours with your back up on bent legs and arms, bending strongly in the belt.
In this position, vital parts of the body will be protected, and the greatest hypothermia will be on the elbows and knees. It is advisable to periodically change the pose. During a blizzard, in order to quickly form a deep snowdrift, from the leeward side you need to stick several branches in the snow or put some tall objects. When spending the night together, you can use two backpacks that are free from things as an impromptu bivouac bag. Why lie close to each other, put your legs in one backpack, shoulders and heads in the other. Just do not firmly fasten your backpacks, so you always have the opportunity to quickly get out of them.
And all overnight stays without shelters in snow or in polyethylene are permissible only in the MOST CRITICAL SITUATIONS, when the construction of snow shelters is decidedly impossible, and the blizzard that has begun threatens with rapid death. In all other cases, you must continue to search for material suitable for the construction of snow shelters or try to create it artificially by raking and ramming the snow with skis to obtain a “homemade” infusion from which you can build block shelters.
Or not tamping, but only raking into a high pile, in which it is possible to dig a snow hole or a cave. Responsibly declare that even a 2-centimeter thick snow cover allows you to build a full-fledged snow shelter! Only 40-50 cm deep and 1.5 meters long can be enough to build micronors. Is it difficult to heat such a snowdrift to some vertical wall?
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Natural Conditions.