Overfatigue is the inevitable emergency companion, which is the result of constant physical and mental stress. A person is forced to build shelters, obtain food, prepare firewood for bonfires and do many other necessary work.
Overwork and loneliness as a risk factor in an emergency and in an autonomous existence.
In the absence of special tools and skills, any of these activities requires enormous labor costs. At the same time, a person is experiencing a quick energy deficit due to under-receipt or complete lack of food. Chronic lack of sleep, adverse climatic factors, a sense of fear and other stressors are also added here. Fatigue builds up every day and can reach the stage of overwork.
you need to start long before dark. During work and the transition, you should focus on the weakest member of the group or average the strength of the group members by redistributing the load carried or by correctly distributing the types of work.
During the night you must strive to ensure maximum comfort. In an emergency, a full sleep is especially necessary, since it can be difficult to restore your strength in other ways, for example using normal nutrition. It is better to spend an extra hour on equipment of a comfortable sleeping place and have a good rest for five hours, than lie down immediately and suffer from insomnia caused by a cold or a knot biting into your side for eight hours. Proper dosing of physical activity, timely organization of rest – one of the most important tasks facing a person in an emergency.
Loneliness as a risk factor in an emergency and in an autonomous existence.
“Complete loneliness is unbearable. Woe to the one who is lonely! ”- wrote A. Bombar after his unparalleled sailing in an inflatable boat across the Atlantic Ocean. Before a person who finds himself face to face with the elements, problems arise both of a physical and moral plane. It’s more difficult to equip a long-term campfire alone, it’s more difficult to pave the track in snowy snow, to be provided with food, it’s almost impossible, without special equipment, to arrange reliable insurance when overcoming difficult areas and much more.
A person who is alone in extreme conditions is more susceptible to emotional stress. Solitary survival is characterized by rapidly developing reactive mental states, often a person falls into deep depression. With a long isolation from the outside world, from people in distress, auditory and visual hallucinations can be observed. In such a situation, it is very important not to give vent to your emotions and rely more on reason. We must strive to fill every minute with some useful work that distracts from unnecessary thoughts.
In some cases, when loneliness begins to oppress, when there is an urgent, obsessive need for communication, you can talk to yourself, aloud discussing the current situation, you can communicate with inanimate objects, nature or distant loved ones. Often, such a simple technique saved people who made long solo trips from insanity.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Natural Conditions.