Before you place the entire set of products on your backpacks, you need to properly pack them. Packaging should ensure the safety of products throughout the trip. And she should comfortably lie in her backpack, be light and help the manager in work. It is very important that the used packaging can be easily destroyed without harming the environment. How to fulfill all these various requirements?
Packing products for a hike, storage and transportation of products on a camping trip.
Tourists are not suitable for packs, tursuki, tin cans and iron barrels used by geographic expeditions; therefore, packaging materials have to find themselves. At first, ordinary cloth bags appeared with a ratio of width to height of 1: 2 or 1: 1.5 – an option borrowed from geologists. These rather large, spherical bags didn’t fit well in the rucksacks and got wet. And it was very difficult to take into account the balance in a 2-3 kg bag. It was then that the rate of cereals for cooking began to be measured in circles, knowing the mass of cereals included in a certain volume. Crackers in such bags take up a lot of space, quickly break and crumble.
Then they began to sew long bags of 1-1.5 kg, sometimes they were divided into several compartments, like a bandoleer. Each department included cereals or other bulk products for 1-3 cooking, which facilitated accounting. The long bag conveniently fit in a backpack, partly helping to maintain its shape. In a narrow bag, you could put crackers or cookies. So that the bag does not get wet, it was sewn from oilcloth, then they began to put plastic bags in it. The bags protected the products from moisture, and the bags did not allow the packages to break. Then someone noticed that old women’s stockings are suitable for many products. They are lightweight, quite durable. An empty stocking is not a pity to throw vkoster.
In recent years, the bulk of backpacks have been decisively captured by milk bags, licensed purpakas and domestic bricks. You can pack in them all bulk products, sweets, cookies, crackers and much more. Lightweight and durable, they do not require liners. The neck can be sewn up or sealed with tape. The polyethylene cardboard from which the bags are made does not get wet, so an empty bag burns even in the rain, making it easier for people on duty to burn garbage. From such packaging it is easy to pour half, 1/3 or 1/4 of the contents on the cooker, which simplifies the accounting of products. Thus, milk bags are an ideal packaging..
Plastic soda water flasks are also very convenient for bulk products. Only in them can sugar be stored and sunflower oil. Soups in bags and packaged products are more convenient to store in stockings, distributing them over the cooks. If the packaged products are afraid of damp, they are put in polyethylene, and then in the stocking. Home-made black rusks in the amount that should be eaten in 1-2 meals, stacked in a pile, wrapped in thick paper (newspaper is not good), put in a stocking and tied on both sides. Rusks can also be stored in dairy bags of 12 pieces..
Sausage, pre-lubricated with sunflower oil, must be wrapped in a clean cloth and put in a stocking or in two milk packets inserted with the neck one into the other. The rag or gauze wrapper contains lard, loin, cheese. Polyethylene is not suitable for such products. Salt is best worn in plastic jars, plastic soda flasks or chemical cans. So you can store spices, extracts, preserves, glucose, vitamins and tomato. But it is better to buy a tomato in 350-gram cans and spend the can for 1-2 times.
Ghee must be packaged with particular care. In the heat it melts and with unreliable packaging can leak into a backpack, and in the cold it becomes hard as a stone, and then it is very difficult to get it out of a bowl with a narrow neck. Typically, the oil is stored in wide-necked polyethylene jars into which a tablespoon easily fits, and sometimes it is placed in a double plastic bag and transferred in aluminum cans, but they are quite heavy. In addition, when the oil is stored in one container for the entire trip, it can be difficult for the attendants to determine its amount, so often the oil remains unspent.
It is convenient to hold ghee in small (200-300 g) plastic flasks, in portions 1-2 times. Small packages make inspection easier. Hardened oil can be removed by cutting the flask. Another complex cargo is liquid fuel for primus stoves. It should not be worn in large cans so that it does not splash and does not shift the center of gravity of the backpack when moving along complex terrain. Usually use 2 and 3-liter polyethylene or aluminum canisters with additional gaskets made of black oil-resistant rubber. But a small amount of fuel leaks through any gaskets.
Therefore, hygroscopic products cannot be tolerated with it. It is best to store fuel in sealed tin cans from under juice or condensed milk with a capacity of 0.8-3 liters. Being careful, it is possible to carry fuel in plastic bottles from under alcohol or sparkling water. Of course, all packages must be labeled. For example: Horns 800 g, 1 stage. There probably is no need to explain that glass containers, paper and plastic bags, bags and bundles are not suitable for packaging, and fresh vegetables and fruits rot very quickly in plastic bags without air.
Preliminary casting of products on the stages of a camping trip.
In long trips, to facilitate the backpack, some of the products are pre-delivered to the middle of the route, arranging the so-called throws. The section of the route between the casts is usually called the stage. Often, products for casting have to be carried through the passes. Here problems arise: what to bring them from home and carry to the beginning of the route; where and how to store equipment and products for the first stage, while the group makes the cast; where and how to store the cast itself.
Practice shows that it is better to place products for throwing not in cardboard boxes or wooden boxes, but in 50-kg bags (from under potatoes or sugar). Larger weight is difficult to drag. You can use large plastic barrels, but carrying them on your hands is inconvenient. If a helicopter is to be thrown out, the most reliable barrels are made of tin, for example, from calcium carbide used for gas-acetylene welding. Only these barrels, if you securely fasten the lids with a wire, can withstand impact on soil or ice.
All barrels and bags should have securely fixed labels or indelible labels. A detailed inventory must be enclosed inside each barrel or bag in order to avoid confusion when packing products and when distributing them along the route. If you have to carry the products in the throws on yourself, they are still put in a backpack at home, and food and equipment that is not needed for throwing are put in bags or barrels and taken separately. At the beginning of the route they are left in storage or securely hidden. The transfer is carried to the designated place, repacked in bags and either deposited or hidden.
You need to hide securely. Firstly, from people. Throws should not be left near parking lots, intersections, or in open, well-viewed places. Secondly, they must be hidden from animals. Who would have thought that mice live on the slopes of Elbrus at an altitude of 3,500 meters near the cable car station! Marmots and ground squirrels can do a fair amount of damage. Alpine jackdaws and crows are very dangerous.
Birds manage to crawl into the cracks between the stones, peck and scatter weighty packages from casts that seem to be securely hidden in the stones on the crests of the passes. Large animals, fortunately, are afraid of the smell of gasoline. Thirdly, it is necessary to protect products from moisture. To do this, they are covered with polyethylene. In the mountains, it is best to hide castings in talus and moraines, in the glacial zone above pastures. They put bags into the dug holes, cover them with polyethylene and fill them with large and small stones, but in such a way that there are no cracks and that the cast is not striking because of fresh traces.
The place must be reliably marked. Of course, in such a way that the label could not attract the attention of strangers. The most reliable way is to leave the abandonment for storage in the village or on the fly. A mountain dweller or a taiga hunter will never be flattered that he has been trusted. This cannot be said about the seasonal workers of all kinds of expeditions; here negotiations must be conducted with the administration.
Based on materials from the book Camping Food.