Poisoning in nature: Poisonous plants, fungi and animals

Food poisoning in a hike – what to do? We are considering the food aid. But you can’t get it. Next, we will talk about poisoning and animal poisons.

Plants poisonous on contact

They can simply not be noticeable for example.

Sumy is poisonous

Sumy poisonous (Toxicodendron vernix) or lacquer tree – 2–6 m height and large number of leaflets in the opposite sinuses. Flowers are clusters of white berries.

Poison ivy

Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) is a creeping plant up to 15 m in length or a tree variant 0.6–1 m in height. The leaves consist of 3 parts, they can be flat, jagged or lobed. Flowers are greenish, berries are white.

It is possible to get rid of the skin. There is a headache, difficulty breathing, fever and weakness.

First aid

Thoroughly wash the skin. It should also be cleaned immediately. With complaints of headaches – cold to the head. In the future, we transfer the injured to the medical staff.

Hogweed Sosnovsky

It is a biennial plant up to 3 m high with a ribbed stem and feathery leaves. His inflorescence is a bloom in the July-August period.

Habitat – from northern Europe to southern Ukraine.

Hogweed burns are very dangerous for skinny blindes, allergy sufferers – can cause anaphylactic shock, and for children. But even if you are not a superfluous. After all, scars can remain on the body after burns.

First aid

  • Rinse the area thoroughly with soap and water.
  • rub with alcohol, furatsilina solution or potassium permanganate
  • lubricate the anti-burn agent (for example, Panthenol)
  • sunscreen of at least 3 days.

Plants poisonous by ingestion


Datura ordinary

Datura ordinary (Datura stramonium) – up to 90 cm high. It has a single white “gramophone” with a very unpleasant smell. All parts of the plant are deadly poisonous.


Belladonna (Atropa belladonna) or wolfberry – height up to 1.8 m. Leaves are oval, wild flowers, brilliant black berries.

Datura and belladonna belong to the nightshade. Their poison, scopolamine, causes the following symptoms:

  • in mild cases, dry mouth, pupils, acceleration of the pulse, then photophobia, hallucinations, delusions;
  • in severe cases, mental agitation, convulsions, coma, a sharp rise in temperature.

First aid

Gastric lavage, then black tea without sugar, at a temperature – cold to the head. Fast delivery to the medical facility.


Digitalis (Digitalis) All the plants are highly toxic, affect the heart.

Digitalis – cardiac glycoside, causes slow pulse, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting. Then there is a drop in blood pressure.

First aid

Gastric lavage activated carbon at the rate of 20 g on 1 l water or weak tea. At the same time, we call an ambulance, because the heart is not a pound of raisins. In the future, we rely on the professionalism of doctors.


Aconite (Aconitum) or wrestler is a leafy plant up to 1.5 m tall. The leaves are pinnate, the flowers – often purple-lilac – look like a monk’s hood. Very poisonous.

Aconite poisoning is possible with erroneous use instead of celery root. Symptoms are as follows: nausea to vomiting, diarrhea, headache; then there is a violation of hearing and vision.

First aid

Gastric lavage, black tea without sugar, saline laxative. Since he died, he was able to provide the needy to the hospital.

Raven eye

Crow’s eye (Paris quadrifolia) is a perennial plant with a height of 30-40 cm, usually with 4 leaves. Blue and black shiny berry.

When it comes to vomiting, there is a sharp pain in the abdomen.

First aid

Gastric lavage. It is a charcoal in the amount of 3-5 tablets. Follow-up – “ambulance”.


Lakonos (Phytolacca americana) – American Fitolacca, This herbaceous perennial grows from 1 to 3 m in height. Leaves alternate, small flowers are collected in cylindrical brushes. Beautiful berries – black and purple, up to 8 mm in diameter.

Poisoning lakonosom occurs when eating beautiful berries. The symptoms are: severe burns, esophagus and stomach, nausea and incessant vomiting, slow pulse, respiratory arrest.

First aid

Gastric lavage with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then we take it quickly.

Poisonous mushrooms

So-called “quiet hunting”. The consequences of such a popularization of hospitals with amateur mushroom hunters. You can not know how to take.

The most poisonous mushrooms are:

Amanita smelly

The stinky fly agaric (Amanita virosa) is a cap up to 12 cm in diameter. A sweetish unpleasant smell. DEADLY POISON.

Amanita panther

Panther fly agaric (Amanita pantherina) – up to 8 cm in diameter, with white specks, white plates and 2-3 rings. DEADLY POISON.

Amanita red

Amanita muscaria (Amanita muscaria) has a bright red cap up to 22 cm in diameter, with white specks. DEADLY POISON

Death cap

Pale toadstool (Amanita phaloides) – hat pepper cm 12 cm 12 cm pepper, pepper, pepper plates, plates Fans can be confused with gray rowing. The most lethal of all mushrooms.

Fibers of Patuiar

The Patouyar Fibers (be ii pat olive) cap cap cap Young mushrooms look like champignons. DEADLY POISON.

The first signs of poisoning occur during the day: nausea to vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, pain in the abdomen. In severe cases, poor coordination, hallucinations, loss of consciousness.
The liver and the kidneys are strongly affected.

Urgent care

  • Immediately call an ambulance
  • Repeated abundant gastric lavage
  • Crushed water
  • Lay on a flat soft surface.
  • It is imperative that you’re where you’re eating. Further assistance is provided in the hospital.

Poisonous fish

Sea dragon

Sea dragon (Trachinus draco) is a poisonous perch squad. Very attractive looking. The whelp has a poisonous fin. The action of the poisoned Fatal outcome is strongly weakened organism.


Scorpion (Scorpaena porcus) – or sea ruff. The body of the body. A poisonous fish can be injected by stepping on a fish.
Poison is less than the dragon’s poison, but no less painful.


Lionfish (Pterois) or zebra fish Leads near the nocturnal lifestyle. Only 30 cm long and weighing 1 kg.


Warthog or fish-stone – also belongs to the family of scorpions. It is a fish with a shapeless spiny body up to 40 cm in length, with varying color necessary for masking.

It is a dangerous condition that leads to death.

Wrinkles, pain, swelling; sepsis and tetanus are possible with infection. There are common symptoms of poisoning: dizziness, nausea, heart failure.

First aid

  • wipes, debris spines;
  • through sucking and puffing;
  • hydrogen peroxide, alcohol;
  • pain relief and wrap up heat. And quickly to the hospital.

They are solely for protection. And, if you observe, you can completely avoid unpleasant surprises.

And bless you!

Poisoning in nature: Poisonous plants, fungi and animals

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