We are surrounded by many substances whose inhalation is dangerous. Household gas, when used correctly, will not cause harm, and due to the characteristic smell, you can notice its leak in time. Therefore, poisoning and accidental death from inhalation is unlikely. Most likely to suffer, even fatal, from car exhaust containing carbon monoxide. This gas is odorless, and in the early stages of poisoning you may not notice.
Carbon monoxide poisoning and smoke poisoning, poisoning through the skin and digestive tract, first aid.
Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Difficulty or breathing problems.
Confusion, apathy, impaired coordination.
Abnormal skin color, pale, bluish or crimson.
What to do with carbon monoxide poisoning, first aid.
If the victim is in a closed room, immediately ventilate him by opening all doors and windows. If the victim is conscious, help him go out into the fresh air. Call an ambulance as soon as possible. A physician examination is vital because inhaling carbon monoxide is fraught with serious complications..
If the victim is unconscious, pull him out into the fresh air, holding his legs and lay on his side so that the airways are passable. Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation if necessary..
If the victim is conscious, let him lie in the fresh air until he feels better. Before the arrival of the ambulance, stay close by, continuously monitoring its condition..
Fire smoke poisoning.
Inhalation of a large amount of smoke, which is possible during a fire, leads to serious malaise, and in severe cases to death. Smoke causes airway spasm, breathing becomes difficult and painful. Inhalation of hot smoke can cause burns of the respiratory tract and poisoning by toxic fumes of burning synthetic materials.
Symptoms of smoke poisoning.
Difficulty or breathing problems.
Burns on the face, mouth and nose.
Confusion, apathy, inappropriate behavior.
What to do with smoke poisoning, first aid.
If the victim is in a confined space, open all windows and doors for fresh air. If the victim is conscious, help him out of the smoky room, but do not risk yourself. Call an ambulance as soon as possible. A doctor’s examination is necessary because complications are possible due to inhalation of toxic substances.
If the victim is unconscious, pull him by the legs into fresh air; bend as close to the floor as possible so as not to inhale smoke. Lay the victim on his side and ensure that the airways are clear. If necessary, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If the victim is conscious, lay him in the fresh air and do not leave one until the arrival of the ambulance.
A number of toxic substances encountered in everyday life can be absorbed through the skin. Including insecticides, herbicides and juice from the leaves of some plants.
Symptoms of poisoning through the skin.
Irritation, rash at the site of contact with the toxic substance.
Pain (moderate or severe) at the site of contact.
Nausea, headache, dizziness.
Redness, blisters, or rash.
What to do with poisoning through the skin, first aid.
If the victim knows that he has been exposed to a toxic substance, he must immediately remove all contaminated clothing and thoroughly rinse all contaminated skin under running water. If the victim does not know if toxic substances have come into contact with him, analyze what chemicals and plants he has been dealing with in the last hour..
See your doctor as soon as possible. Do not smear your skin with anything. If pain and discomfort persist, call an ambulance; flush affected areas with water until it arrives. If the victim loses consciousness, turn him on his side to ensure that the airways are passable. If pulse and breathing disappear, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation..
Digestive tract poisoning.
Extremely dangerous when the poison enters the body through the mouth. This is especially true for young children with whom poisoning occurs due to curiosity. Potentially toxic household products (cleaning products, insecticides, herbicides, medicines, etc.) should be kept out of the reach of children..
Symptoms of poisoning through the digestive tract.
Convulsions or convulsions.
Burns around the mouth and nose.
Drowsiness or loss of consciousness.
Confusion or hallucinations.
What to do with poisoning through the digestive tract, first aid.
If it is not known what the victim poisoned with, be careful. Make sure you are safe. If the victim is conscious, find out from him what he swallowed, in what quantity and when.
If redness or burns are visible around the mouth and lips, wash these areas thoroughly with a wet, soft cloth. To avoid complications, the victim should not eat or drink anything, except when recommended by a doctor. If the victim is fully conscious and in pain, give him water, but very little. Just to moisten lips and mouth.
If the victim is unconscious, lay him on his side and make sure that the airways are passable. If necessary, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately. Call an ambulance as soon as possible. When she arrives, give her employees a sample of the swallowed poisonous substance or vomit of the victim. This material must go to the hospital with the victim..
How to avoid accidents through poisoning.
Keep all hazardous substances out of the reach of children..
It is convenient to store medicines in a special pharmacy cabinet, locked with a lock that children cannot open. Do not leave medicine outside of it.
Keep household chemicals in the containers in which they are sold. Mandatory with a label.
Do not mix different products or place them in food containers..
Do not mix different cleaning products. Store them in a locked cabinet or on a shelf inaccessible to children..
Take your medicine as directed by your doctor at specific times..
Keep medicines that can be dangerous for children in bottles with a special cap that children cannot open.
Expired Medicines Destroy.
Based on the book “Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions”.