Portable box-trapping live traps, which provide for the extraction of live animals and birds, are currently used mainly for catching animals for settlement and tagging. When fishing animals for skin and meat, they are rarely used. The trapping power of these traps is usually lower than that of traps and wooden decay traps. The wide commercial use of live traps is prevented by their bulkiness, and therefore less transportability.
Portable box-mounted live traps, device, wooden and metal box-mounted live traps, a simple live trap on mice from a tea glass.
However, live traps have a valuable advantage over other airplanes. The capture of animals alive makes possible the simplest selection and removal of unwanted individuals from the population. In this case, animals with the most valuable fur, the best breeding or some other economically useful qualities can be left for reproduction. Less valuable – hide on the skin or meat. Currently, a large number of very diverse designs of live traps are known..
Box top live traps, device.
Box-top live-traps made of metal mesh are used to catch muskrat and some other fur-bearing animals. For trapping muskrats it is better to use a galvanized mesh with cell 4&# 215; 4 cm. Such live traps are more durable and lighter than from un galvanized fine-mesh. It should be borne in mind that through such a mesh small muskrats leave.
In a cylinder made of such a mesh, with a base diameter of 25 cm and a length of 50 cm, the bottom is braided with a mesh on one side. From the opposite, a truncated cone with a diameter of a smaller base 10 cm is woven into the cylinder of the “baby”. This cylinder is installed in the water by the “baby” before leaving the hole or into the hole of the muskrat forage hut.
If it is required to catch animals alive, then a cage is attached to the side of the cover – a mesh cage so that it rises above the water. In field conditions, when using more than a dozen peaks, it is recommended to make them folding for ease of transportation. Using the method of assembling them with the help of “lacing” to the body of the cage of the bottom and “baby” with a thin cable.
Metal boxed live traps with lifting door, device.
In conditions of semi-voluntary breeding of nutria, box-shaped live traps made of metal mesh in the form of a parallelepiped with sides 25 + 25 + 70 cm and a lifting door are used. The door is suspended on two rings to the upper side of the frame. The height of the door is 5 cm greater than the height of the frame. Therefore, in the lowered state, it is tilted into the live trap at an angle of 30 degrees.
Nutria is pre-fed inside a live trap with a raised door. When they need to be caught, the door is lowered. The animals, accustomed to visiting the drawer live traps, lift the door themselves, enter the live trap and find themselves caught. The door of this live trap can be guarded with a thin cable or lace stretched from a raised door to a guard suspended from the upper horizontal rod of the rear wall.
A loop of lace is put on this rod. He is lowered down to the floor and so that he does not return upstairs, his lower end is piled with carrots or some other bait. The animal that has visited the trap will take the bait, free the hinge, which, under the weight of the door, transmitted to the hinge by the cord, will rise up. A loop of lace will slide off it and completely free the door, which will fall down and close the exit.
Box trap with cage, device.
Boxed live traps with a cage, arranged in a similar way, are used to catch muskrat. The door of such a live trap made of metal rods is not alarming. The animal itself lifts the door that opens inside the trap, and enters it, aiming for the lined fodder bait (carrots or other vegetables). The animal cannot go back, since the door opens in only one direction. Several animals can fall into such a trap at the same time..
Wooden box trap device.
Wooden box trap live in a large group of portable airplanes. The simplest of them is a box-type plate trap, which is a box raised on one side by a guard. For greater reliability, the box is pressed from above by oppression – a log.
Simple boxed live traps on a muskrat, device.
The livestock trap on the muskrat is very simple and effective. Its base is a board 60×60 cm in size, on which a wooden frame 58 cm long and 10 cm high and 10 cm high is hinged on one end side. The frame is pulled over by a metal mesh. The free end of the frame, opposite the fixed one, rises above the board and is held with the help of a gatehouse..
The gatehouse is tied to a rack with a height of 35 cm, fortified in the floor of a live trap. The upper end of the gatehouse clings to the edge of the frame. And the bottom is held by a plank, which has a notch at the end, into which the gatehouse abuts.
Converted American live trap device.
The most common and best of the box traps is a slightly redesigned American live trap. The alert door of this live trap is suspended so that it can only open inside the trap. The door is made slightly longer than the height of the live trap. Therefore, the door cannot open outwards. The length of such a trap is 50 cm, height – 20 cm, width – 18 cm. The thickness of the boards from which the trap is made is 1-1.5 cm. The door of the trap 17×23 cm in size is made of wire.
The guarded fixture is installed as follows. A wire bent at a right angle is suspended on a bracket from the ceiling of a live trap at a distance of 10-15 cm from the rear wall. At the inflection point, a ring is made on this wire, through which it is fastened with a bracket to the ceiling of the live trap. The sides (ends) of the bent wire are not the same. The end going to the live trap door is 20 cm long and the other end is 15 cm.
Two cloves are driven into the floor of the live trap under the bracket at a distance of 12-15 cm from each other so that they form a line parallel to the back wall of the trap. Carnations should protrude 5-7 cm above the floor surface. A straight length of wire is placed between the studs, slightly longer than the distance between the studs.
The alertness of the live trap is as follows. The door opens to the ceiling of the trap, and a wire curved at a right angle, attached by a bracket to the ceiling, is brought into such a position that its long end presses the door to the ceiling. In this position, the short end of the wire is perpendicular to the floor surface, but does not touch it.
A straight piece of wire is placed between the studs on one side. And the vertical end of the curved wire – on the other. The door of the live trap, acting with its weight on the long arm of the curved wire, clamps and holds the straight wire between the studs with the short (vertical) arm. In this position, the trap is alert. When the animal trapped in the trap touches the wire located between the carnations, the trap is unsettled. Some hunters place on this wire the edge of the plank, which serves as a false floor.
Box live traps with a door sliding in vertical grooves, device.
Boxed live traps with a door sliding in vertical grooves were widely used. In the manufacture of one of these traps, the entrance to the box is equipped with a high frame with grooves on the sides, on which the falling door should easily move from top to bottom. It is guarded in an elevated position by means of a cord thrown over the upper cross member of the frame and threaded into the holes in the lid.
A small hole is drilled inside the box in the rear wall above the floor, a wire rod with a bait attached to it is freely inserted into it. On the same rod put on a loop of lace that holds the door in a raised position. The work of this live trap is based on the fact that the animal, taking the bait, pulls the rod out of the hole, the loop of the lace slides from it, and the door, falling, closes the box.
In another embodiment, a boxed live trap is attached to the upper side of the door with a rope-stick. This stick, with its middle, rests on a crossbar mounted above the outer surface of the board, which forms a ceiling in a trap. A gatehouse is tied with a rope to one end of the beam. In this case, the upper end of the gatehouse abuts against the ceiling of the live trap, and the lower end – into the notch at the end of the shovel-like plank.
The animal, entering the trap, steps on the plank, while the lower end of the gatehouse is released, and the door, sliding along the vertical grooves, closes the entrance to the trap. Wooden boxed live traps with a sliding door are difficult to use in wet weather. Their boards swell, freeze and may cause malfunctions of the doors.
Box living traps with swinging floor and locking suspension, device.
Known box live traps with a swinging floor and a retaining suspension. The wooden floor is suspended on an axis pivotally mounted exactly in the middle of the side walls of the box. At the live trap, prepared for catching the animal, the floor is lowered in front of the entrance to the nut. Its opposite side rises to the ceiling. In this place the bait is placed.
The animal that visited the trap, reaching for the bait, outweighs, and the back of the floor drops, and the front part, respectively, rises. In this case, the locking pendant comes to a vertical position and, resting its free end on the fixed floor of the box, props the swinging floor, thereby blocking the exit from the live trap.
A simple live trap on mice from a tea glass, device.
An ordinary tea glass can very successfully catch house mice. To do this, on a flat special board, the glass is guarded as follows. Inside it on the side wall, 2-3 cm from the bottom of the glass, apply a smear of butter or some kind of fat. On this side, the glass is placed on the plank at an angle of 60 degrees. On the opposite side, the glass is propped up with a match, shortened to 3 cm.
When installing a match, they find an equilibrium point near the glass, at which it is barely held on it in an elevated position. From a glass, an oiled finger is carried out in two to three directions of the strip. On them the mouse finds a glass with a bait and climbs under it. Reaching for a smear of fat, the mouse rises on its hind legs, and the front rests against the wall of the glass and puts it out of balance. In this case, the match falls out from under the glass, and the animal covers the glass.
In order to remove the animal from the trap, the glass together with the plate is lifted from the floor and turned upside down with the hole of the glass. At the same time, the hole continues to remain a closed plank.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..