Care tips, cleaning and lubricating the hunting rifle, are constantly slightly modified in accordance with the development of technology. At the same time, they largely repeat each other. This is not surprising. The hunting rifle, like a machine, basically has not changed much since the beginning of the 20th century.
Prevention of problems when using a hunting rifle, the effect of rust and dust on the life of a rifle, lubrication requirements and its properties.
Prevention of problems that may arise when using a hunting rifle is always better than the need to one day begin to deal with breakdowns and wear of its individual parts. The service life of a hunting rifle depends on the care of weapons and timely prevention. In order to keep the hunting rifle in perfect order, first of all you need to know what enemies it should be protected from.
, you thereby remove part of the metal, leaving a deepened roughness in the cleaned area. And on such an already corroded surface all dirt is often accumulated, often also wet, which leads to the re-emergence of foci of rust. Therefore, it is very important to prevent it from starting up..
Another enemy of a hunting rifle is dust. Dust is the smallest particles of various materials, including grains of sand, which are carried in the air. These particles fall into the mechanisms of locks and bolts, sit on the trunks and axial bolts of the pads, even precipitate brushes, rags and other materials for cleaning guns.
And since some of these particles, for example quartz grains of sand, are very hard, even when mixed with grease, they open and close the hunting rifle, when various parts of the mechanism interact, and when cleaning with contaminated material, they gradually scratch the steel surface. And a scratched surface is much easier to contaminate. This, in turn, leads to the appearance of the same rust..
Features of the protection of a hunting rifle from dust and dirt during operation and storage.
Therefore, in the first place, hunting guns should be protected both from dust and from all kinds of dirt. A well-polished metal surface is much better at resisting the rusting effect of moisture than rough or scratched.
Gilding used in some expensive high-grade castles, as well as burial of different shades, also perfectly preserve metal. Although, essentially, burnishing is only a thin layer of oiled and polished metal oxide. Nickel plating, which is widely used for skates and ladies’ revolvers, is inconvenient for the outer parts of the gun, since the bright white polish of the polished nickel unmasks the hunter.
A good protection both from dampness and from dust, even in a very damp room, is a solid tight-fitting box or case. If under the conditions this is possible, then a clean and greased hunting rifle is best stored in a good box or case. Putting on the trunks with the forearm and the butt with the pad, suede or cloth covers or well, in several layers, wrapped in carefully oiled paper.
Lubricant for a hunting rifle, lubrication requirements and its properties.
The most affordable and comprehensive way to protect the metal from the rusting effect of moisture is lubrication. That is, coating a clean and dry metal surface with a layer of some fatty substance that does not allow the metal to come into contact with droplets and water vapor.
The grease is used for three different purposes: to protect against rust, to reduce the friction of moving parts of the mechanism, and to facilitate the cleaning of metal from harmful residues after firing. The requirements for lubricant properties are also somewhat different..
To protect against rust, the grease must be sticky enough to adhere well to the metal even in warm weather. If it is too liquid, then after a while it drains to the lower parts of the gun and opens the upper ones for access to moisture.
In addition, this grease for a hunting rifle should not contain either acids or alkalis, that is, as chemists say, and has a neutral reaction. The presence of free acids or alkalis is easy to detect by lubricating a clean brass surface. At least a well-cleaned sleeve, since in this respect brass is more sensitive to steel and in a few days it will turn green and darken from unwanted impurities.
Grease to reduce friction should also not contain oxidizing metal substances, should be viscous, not thicken from the action of air. As thickens, for example, fat seals and many vegetable oils. It also should not thicken strongly under the influence of frost. Such grease should be more fluid than is permissible for safety grease.
Finally, lubricants for cleaning and short-term (several days) lubrication should also be sufficiently liquid, but slightly alkaline, to neutralize the acid powder deposit. For this type of lubricant, a good ability to bind water is desired, forming an emulsion. That is a monotonous-looking, whitish mass, actually consisting of the smallest fat droplets with a thin water shell.
Inexpensive and affordable lubricants used to service hunting weapons.
An inexpensive “for all occasions” lubricant is natural petroleum jelly prepared from oil residues, not white, already purified and discolored by acids, but unpurified, yellow.
To lubricate locks, especially in cold weather, it can be diluted with liquid paraffin or other suitable oil. It’s even better to take just vaseline, bone or spindle oil – in short, everything that is used to lubricate sewing machines and sewing mechanisms.
Coil springs and all longitudinally sliding gates in frosty weather are so weakened by thickened grease that they give constant misfires. In very severe colds and locks with flat springs can be loosened with heavy grease. In such cases, the grease should be wiped off and its remnants washed off with gasoline or kerosene. Kerosene can also serve as a light lubricant..
For preservative lubrication of trunks and other parts of a hunting rifle (except for locks, bolts and hinges) it is suitable, except for petroleum jelly, and pure unsalted, since the salt is very hygroscopic, beef or lamb. Wax, bee or mountain wax is also very good. It is easily applied in a thin layer if dissolved in gasoline or turpentine (turpentine).
Wax is better on both metal and wood than petroleum jelly, therefore, when carrying a gun in wet weather, during water hunting and the like, wax grease is preferable. But wax is not suitable for lubricating rubbing parts.
All vegetable oils for metal lubrication are not suitable. Tree lodges to protect against moisture can be rubbed with linen. When using oils to preserve the stock, one should not forget that the breakage strength of a wood that is heavily soaked with oil is slightly reduced. In addition, in case of repair, the glue takes the oiled tree much weaker than dry.
Based on materials from the book Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Manufacture and repair.