Building a shelter in the forest does not mean building a major camp hut or setting up a tent, but setting up an extreme shelter in the face of lack of time, lack of tools, strength, or health. A refuge in the forest is necessary for survival, when by chance you need to quickly build a place to sleep. A person who finds himself in an extreme situation and needs shelter is distinguished from a lost tourist by the fact that he uses any available means for arranging an overnight stay, and sometimes it is enough for him to have only a knife to survive and find a roof over his head in nature. There are many ways to build a temporary shelter.
- Survival shelters in the forest
- 2The shelter in the woods with their own hands: types of shelters
- 3How to build a shelter in the forest
Survival shelters in the forest
The main rules that should be followed while in the forest at nightfall are the following:
- No need to continue to move through the forest, when the night is approaching, you can get lost even more.
- You should not choose a place to sleep in the recesses or pit, especially in an area with heavy rain.
- It is necessary to choose a flat place, but with the presence of a large tree with roots or a stone, behind which you can hide from the wind or on which you can sit in full height.
- It is not dark yet, it is necessary to collect as many branches as possible – they will be useful in order to make a fire, shelter a shelter, and make litter.
- If possible, for a night, it is better to choose a place near the stream.
Shelter in the woods with their own hands: types of shelters
Types of shelters, constructed in the forest under extreme circumstances, can be divided into types:
- Regarding the protection of shelter from climatic conditions, animals: closed and open shelters. The first type includes the plague, wigwam, dugout, hut. If a person does not have the tools necessary for their construction when they are exposed to extreme conditions, only open types of shelters become accessible: canopies, hammocks, floorings on the surface of wetlands.
- Regarding the capacity of the shelter there are group and individual (single).
- Intended purpose: the shelter can protect from wind, winter cold, precipitation, sunlight, insects.
- Regarding the life of the construction of shelter in the forest can be temporary, designed for a single night, protection from natural disasters, bad weather. May be capital, intended for shelter in the forest for a long period.
- Labor costs invested in the construction of shelters, also divides them into types: these are easily constructed buildings for temporary shelter, as well as labor-intensive ones that require the use of special skills and tools.
- With respect to the materials used, buildings can be divided into frame-deciduous, earthen, frame-fabric, stone, snow, adobe, wooden
The worst option for a person in an extreme situation is the absence of a knife, other tools, and matches. In this situation, it remains only to sleep under a tree, but this option is fraught with unpleasant consequences, such as: hypothermia of the body with the emergence of various diseases, an encounter with unpleasant insects and reptiles on the ground, besides full sleep under these conditions can not be obtained. Therefore, this option provides only the equipment of extreme shelter in the forest. You can do the following: find a large tree with a wide spreading crown, as well as a small fallen tree with a fit trunk that can support a person’s weight. You need to drag the second tree to the first and put it in such a way that it protects its trunk from gusts of wind. Overnight will take place in a sitting or lying position on a tree trunk. If you have the necessary skills and opportunity for a campfire, it will help to warm up at night. The advantage of this way of spending the night is that the tree is warmer than the ground, and this will keep you healthy than when you sleep on the ground, and the tree is less likely to meet insects or other forest reptiles. The trunk of a fallen tree will help protect your back from the wind.
Labaz is the simplest and most prefabricated structure in the forest. To build it, you need to find two trees that are opposite each other at a distance of 2 meters. Between them you need to attach a pole, on which to fasten the branches under the slope relative to the ground. Top of them need to cover the branches, thereby creating the walls of the shelter.
How to build a shelter in the forest
The second option, how to survive in the forest, suggests more favorable conditions – the presence of matches and a knife, as well as some small things that can usually be found in the tourist’s pocket. Under such favorable conditions, you can make a fire, and with a knife you can cut and process the branches that will be necessary to build a shelter. To do this, you need to find a suitable trunk surrounded by small trees, which are pulled to the central one with the help of laces or a rope in such a way as to create a kind of “umbrella”. Further, this structure is reinforced with long poles cone-shaped. From above, the structure is covered with branches and leaves with a convex side facing out to protect against rain. A thick layer of bedding is constructed from the leaves and branches. If there is no rope for tying the branches, you can use bark fibers. While the bark is fresh, a thin part is cut from it, tied with ropes, and when they dry, they will become very strong. The only disadvantage is the time spent searching for the desired tree, this is especially inconvenient in bad weather conditions.
The construction of the shelter is easily accomplished with the help of any slope. It is necessary to find a place under the hill, to start building a skeleton: one poker is driven into the hill almost perpendicular to the ground. Its end is fastened with two more long sticks inserted into the ground at an angle. To the resulting frame you need to attach several branches with a rope to get two sides of the shelter. It is desirable that their length does not exceed the height of the shelter. On top of the sticks you need to cover the moss and branches. Moss, placed below the shelter walls, protects it from insect infiltration and moisture in case of rain. Spruce branches will help drive away annoying mosquitoes and blackflies. An improvised door made of branches will help protect you from the wind and keep you warm at night inside the shelter.
Building a shelter is much easier if, by luck, with you, it turned out to be a marching backpack with plastic wrap. At the same time, to build a shelter in the forest, you need to find a large tree, preferably with thick roots. The knife is cut off two long poles, which at both ends rest against a tree trunk. Their tops can be tied with a rope. Further, over the fastened poles the film is stretched, preferably fixed, so as not to be torn by the wind. Inside the structure you need to build a litter of leaves and branches, to make a fire at night. The lodging is ready: the plastic film protects from rain and wind, the fire heats the feet, a bed of needles, branches or leaves does not allow the body to freeze from the ground. More complex options for making a shelter should not be considered, since they are not real for recreating in an extreme situation when it is necessary to survive without special tools.