Winter fishing is an exciting and interesting hobby. However, it is fraught with danger – at any moment the ice under the fisherman may fall and a person will be in cold water. To protect yourself and your friends, it is important to know what is the safe thickness of ice for fishing.
- Ice formation in Russian waters
- 2Safe ice thickness for fishing
- 3 Signs of dangerous ice
- 4 Check the thickness of the ice
- 5Ways to travel on ice
- 6 How to behave on the ice
- 7What to do if you find yourself in the water
Ice formation in Russian waters
Most of the territory of Russia is located in northern latitudes, and winter here lasts up to 9 months. On average, ice, which can withstand human, on lakes and rivers rises in late November or early December. And closer to January ice is set, sufficient to withstand a car or other equipment.
Usually, it is at this time that specialized crossings are established on the ice. They operate until the spring, if in winter there is no prolonged strong thaw. The condition of the crossings is constantly monitored, and if necessary, movement on them is blocked.
It is important to remember that in different regions and in different years the thickness of ice for fishing is established at different times. It is better to focus on weather forecasts and official statements of the authorities.
Safe ice thickness for fishing
It is believed that the person can withstand and not break through the ice from 7 centimeters thick, but for faithfulness it is recommended to wait until the ice becomes thicker – 10-12 centimeters.
In order to be able to establish a regular foot crossing, the ice must be at least 15 centimeters; for a road crossing, the ice must be at least 30 centimeters.
Do not forget that the thickness of the ice on the pond is not uniform. Typically, the ice thickness is less at the following points in the reservoir:
- near the shore;
- in places of confluence of the rivers or the confluence of the river into the sea or lake;
- in thickets of reeds and other river plants;
- near frozen objects;
- in places where sewage or industrial waste is poured into the water.
Signs of dangerous ice
In order to protect yourself, it is very important, like the five fingers, to harden the signs of fragile, dangerous ice. The most dangerous is the first, still not strong ice, and spring ice, when the thaw begins. It is best to finish the winter fishing as soon as the bright spring sun appears.
Dangerous ice even looks different from durable and safe. You can go on the ice only if it is smooth, free from snow, without cracks. The color of strong, dense ice is bluish.
Spring ice becomes loose, acquires a white color. When advancing on such ice, water often flows out of the holes. If the ice sags under the foot, it makes a crunch and other characteristic sounds, it is also better not to go out.
Avoid ice covered with snow. Under the snow is not visible, in what condition is the ice. It is impossible to evaluate.
Check the thickness of the ice
Before you go on the ice, it is very important to check its thickness, make sure it is safe. Before installing the crossing of ice cut down a small piece and measure its thickness.
However, this procedure is not convenient for a fisherman to check the ice. Therefore, before going on the ice you need to be very careful. First, closely monitor the manifestation of the signs, which were discussed in the previous paragraph.
Secondly, you need to prepare in advance a long stick, with which you will check the thickness of the ice. This is done simply: when a person is already out on the ice, he knocks the ice properly with a stick. If it starts to pop or sag, you need to immediately return to the shore. It is important not to check the strength of the ice kick. From this ice can break under the person.
Movement on the ice
Many fishermen prefer to get to the place of fishing by car, and leave it there on the ice. But this is not recommended. Ice can not withstand prolonged high load and break under the car.
Experienced fishermen leave the car on the beach and get to the place of fishing on foot. It is quite possible to do this in ordinary winter shoes, but some prefer to ease their way and protect themselves.
To do this, use skis and snowshoes. A common plus of both is an increase in pressure area. If we recall the school course of physics, it becomes clear that if the mass is distributed over a larger area, then the pressure per unit area will be less.
In skiing you can not only walk, but also slide on the ice, only walk in snowshoes. However, it is not too safe to slide on the ice: there is a high risk of falling and breaking through the ice.
One more thing – when going out to the ice, you need to unfasten the ski bindings so that you can quickly throw them off in case of contact with the water. Otherwise, the skis will interfere with attempts to get out.
Quickly and relatively safely get to the place of fishing on the ice can be on a snowmobile. However, for this, the minimum thickness for must be at least 15 centimeters. If there is confidence in the sufficient thickness of the ice, it is better to restrict yourself on foot.
How to behave on the ice
First of all, you need to make sure that the weather outside is suitable. Suitable for ice fishing. It is not necessary to go on the ice in bad weather: snow, rain, fog, and also night time of the day – this is the reason to abandon the planned fishing.
It is equally important to choose the right place to descend on the ice. It should be a comfortable, gentle place. Otherwise there is a risk of slipping and falling on the ice, breaking it.
Avoid dangerous places and places where ice is potentially thinner. About. Where such places are located is mentioned above. Also, do not gather in one place a large company and drill the hole too close to each other. Perforated ice holds worse solid.
But to move on the ice is better on the trails found. If one person passed here, then the next ice will most likely endure. If there is no path, then you need to break through your path. Pre-checking suspicious places with a stick. If you are not sure about the reliability of the ice in some place, it is better to go around the site. Also avoid old fishing spots, holes and polynyas.
It is important to remember that a person with a large weight, and fishing equipment weighs a lot, is subject to additional danger. Before going out on the ice, it is worth loosening the straps of the backpack so that if something happens, you can quickly throw it off. Equipment you can buy new, but just take a new life.
If, while moving on the ice, you hear a crash or see water over ice, it is better to leave the dangerous place immediately, return to the shore. This should be done slowly, without sudden movements. Best of all, just lie on the ice, arms and legs spread wide, and crawl around.
What if you find yourself in the water
If for some reason you or one of your comrades fell into the water, it is very important not to panic, pull yourself together and act quickly, but carefully.
First of all, you need to throw off the extra load: a backpack, if possible, and wet shoes. To calm down and relax, widely spread his arms and lean on the ice floe. Just be careful not to break off the edge.
If the pond is not deep, and a person can get his feet to the bottom, not completely submerging in water, then he should push his feet off the bottom and try to throw his body as far as possible on the ice floe, and then alternately remove his feet from the water.
If you are sure that the depth is small to the shore and if the shore is close, then you can simply break through the ice with your chest and go towards the shore.
If the bottom is deep, you will have to get out without support. In this case, you also need to stretch your arms, lean on the ice floe and lay down on the ice floe with your belly or at least your chest. Then you need to gradually crawl out onto the ice floe and throw feet on it. When a person is completely out of the water, you need to crawl on the ice, not getting to his feet.
If you saw someone fall into the water, you need to act quickly. In cold water, hypothermia quickly begins, and the victim loses strength very quickly. First of all, a loud cry notify the person that help is coming to him. This will encourage the victim, give him hope, calm him down.
If it is possible to save a person without leaving the coast, it is better to do this: throw a sinking rope or stretch a long stick and use them to tighten the person on the ice. If you have to walk across the ice to the place of the breach, then, despite the need to do everything quickly, you cannot rush: sudden movements can provoke a new crack in the ice. It is better to lie on the surface and crawl in the direction of the break.
Do not crawl to the very edge. Stop at a safe distance and use the same rope or stick to save.