Cherkan, until recently, it was a widespread type of samolov in Siberia and in the east of the European part of Russia. Samolov Cherkan is mainly used for ermine fishing. However, it is possible to use Cherkans in the fishing column, for the extraction of squirrels, sables, corsacs and even foxes. At present, the cherkan is almost everywhere ousted by a trap, despite the obvious advantages of this samolov over a trap.
Samolov cherkan, appointment, device, threshold and simk cherkan, guard and application.
The main advantages of samolov cherkan before the trap:
Cherkan is set above the trap and is rarely swept over.
It is clearly visible and less often lost..
Crushes the animal to death.
It can be made independently from improvised material..
The disadvantages include inconvenience during transportation and less diverse installation methods..
Podorozhkovy Samolov Cherkan, device.
The most common version of the design, which is still in use by the lower and middle Ob fishers. It is reliable in operation and relatively easy to manufacture. Arranged the wing samolov cherkan as follows. A rigidly bonded wooden frame on the inside of the long uprights has longitudinal cuts or grooves.
In grooves (cuts) the crush freely moves with a core rigidly fixed in it. Onions are made from dried wood of euonymus or honeysuckle. Bows made from spruce and cedar are weaker. Tendons or a rope were used on the bowstring. The bow is rigidly attached to the middle part of the frame of the scribble. A bow string is passed into the hole drilled in the stem..
A rope sim card is tied to the top rack of the frame. 2 cm from the attachment point on the SIM card, the wooden tongue is rigidly fixed. Sims tie a gatehouse to the free end. The alarm of the alarm is performed as follows: the rod, spring-loaded by the bowstring, is lifted up, and the tongue is brought into the bowstring. The top edge rests against the bottom edge of the crush, and the lower edge of the gate rests freely on the guard.
Different types of scribble wings.
A guard – a thin stick – is held in the grooves of the frame in a raised position only due to the strength of the guard. The guard, carried away by the bowstring, tends to twist and presses the guard to the grooves in the frame (when pulling the bow string up, the guard falls on the lower crossbar of the frame).
The animal, trying to creep into the space between the lower edge of the crush and the upper edge of the guard, shifts the guard down, the gatehouse is released, the tongue no longer holds the stretched bowstring, as a result of which the crush, fastened to the rod, presses the animal to the lower crossbeam of the frame. Install the cherkan samols, sticking it all the time with the legs of the frame to the lower crossbar, at transitions or at the holes.
Simkov samolov cherkan, device.
Differs from the trigger device trigger mechanism. The device frame, bow, stem with a crush completely repeats the above described samolov cherkan. In a wary state, the gatehouse, tied up on a short rope, holds the top of the string, and the bottom – the hair ring worn on the top of the rod. The ring should be close in diameter to the shaft and have sufficient rigidity.
A rope or hair SIM, tied to a ring, below diverges into three veins attached to a wand. When sticking, this stick slightly freezes to the surface of the snow at the legs of the device. Thus, the Cherkan’s window, that is, the hole formed by the frame, the lower crossbeam of the frame and the crush, is blocked by three hairs. It is enough for the animal to touch the hairs, as a hair loop flies from the gatehouse and crush presses the beast to the lower beam of the frame.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..