Scolopendra is a prominent representative of spiny centipedes. The main habitat of their habitats are tropical rain forests. But there are species that can be found in the southern parts of Russia and in the Crimea. The largest representatives in these zones reach 15 cm in length. The bite of scolopendra is an unpleasant phenomenon, but not deadly.
- What are the conditions for scolopendra
- 2 What does scolopendra bite look like
- 3 Scolopendra bite – symptoms
- 4What to do with a bite of skolopendra: first aid
- 5What you can not do with a bite
- 6 Prevention of Scolopendra Bites
- 7Bite effects
What are the conditions for scolopendra
In most cases, it can be found in warm places with high humidity. She prefers loose soil and sand. But there is a chance to find a dangerous centipede under a layer of pebbles, in wood, various crevices, in shrubs, and also under fruits falling to the ground. Often it lodges in the home, for example in basements or in the basement area.
It is a nightlife lifestyle, therefore, it is necessary to inspect the dwelling, tent or your clothes for a scolopendra first of all in the morning. It feeds on small and large insects: grasshoppers, spiders, and sometimes reptiles, for example, small lizards.
What does scolopendra bite look like
Skolopendra does not attack the person herself, but bites as self-defense. The size of the bite depends on the size of the centipede. If large individuals are able to leave a significant mark, then small representatives will not even be able to bite through human skin. For this reason, the bite site may look like a swollen, inflamed red area or have well-visualized bite marks.
With the help of the teeth and the claws closest to the head, the insect makes wounds on the skin and injects poison. But you should not panic right away, this poison is not toxic enough to be deadly to humans.
Scolopendra Bite – Symptoms
Feelings from the bite of a predatory centipede can manifest themselves in people in varying degrees. It all depends on the type, size of the individual and on the individual characteristics of the human body. Feelings can be similar to the bite of a normal wasp, and can be expressed in a strong pain syndrome.
Symptoms may look like this:
- Feeling of pain, itching, or burning in the affected area;
- High blood pressure and heart palpitations;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Dizziness and general weakness of the body;
- High body temperature and fever;
- Increased anxiety.
In rare cases, there may be an increase in lymph nodes, numbness in the area of the bite and medium-sized blisters. It is possible that small wounds from insect claws left during its movement can be found on the body.
What to do with a bite of scolopendra: first aid
As a rule, all that happens after the bite of a multi-cutaneous scolopendra is a manifestation of clinical signs for several days, after which they disappear safely. Therefore, in most cases, contacting a medical facility is not required. Exceptions are an increased risk of complications.
First you need to rinse the bite. For this, simple running water and some soap are suitable. Washed and dried skin is best treated with an antiseptic to prevent contamination in the wound. To do this, it is best to use alcohol, vodka, furatsilina solution or potassium permanganate. It remains only to impose a sterile bandage on top.
If possible, the patient is better to adhere to bed rest and drink large amounts of drinking water. This will allow you to quickly remove toxic substances from the body.
First aid for the bite of a predatory insect is also reduced to the treatment of existing symptoms.
Examples of actions are:
- Taking painkillers. Their type and dosage depend on the degree of pain, in special cases, injections of lidocaine are permissible. Alternatively, you can attach a piece of ice to the site of the bite, or vice versa with a warm heater. In some cases, heat has a positive effect on the decay of a toxic substance;
- The use of antibiotics in case of infection of the body;
- Antihistamines. They help reduce itching and swelling in the affected area, as well as prevent an allergic reaction;
- Introduction of anti-tetanus serum if necessary.
When observing a clear deterioration of the patient’s condition, for example, high fever, fever, shortness of breath, you should immediately seek specialized medical care.
What you can not do with a bite
When providing first aid, you must be careful, since not all methods are suitable for the bite of a predatory centipede. Here is what should not be done in this case:
- Apply a tourniquet if the bite is on the arm or leg. Unfortunately, he can not prevent the spread of toxins in the body. But to provoke blood stasis, tissue necrosis or the development of gangrene, he is quite capable;
- Burning a fresh wound;
- The poison is not deadly, so making an incision in the skin and trying to suck it does not make sense;
- Take alcoholic beverages. They can contribute to the acceleration of the absorption of poison.
Otherwise there are no serious limitations.
Prevention of Scolopendra Bites
A 100% prediction of a collision with a scolopendra is impossible, but you can minimize the risk. To do this, being in the open nature, it is necessary to observe the following number of preventive measures:
- Before going to bed, it is necessary to examine the inner space of the tent, and only then close it and go to bed. Particular attention should be paid to bedding;
- If things were lying on the ground, for example during bathing, then before putting them on, you should carefully shake everything out and inspect it;
- If you plan to make a campfire and there is a need to collect firewood, you should pay attention to this case, as skolopendry often hide near plants and branches of trees;
- When working with the soil it is desirable to have protective gloves on their hands;
- When you find a large centipede, you should not try to pick her up, inspect or frighten. You can run into the bite of Scolopendra, who just wants to protect herself.
There is a risk to meet the arthropod and at the dacha, for example, during the digging of the earth. In this case, it is better to just give him a quick leave.
There are no purchase options for protection against scolopendra in the form of sprays, ointments or gels.
Consequences of a bite
The consequences of a scolopendra bite, as well as its symptoms, depend on the type of individual and the general state of the victim’s immune system. If a person has no health problems, then the painful symptoms will pass without consequences for the body. Otherwise, if the bitten has a poor state of health, has serious chronic diseases, then there is a risk of complications. A few examples of how dangerous the scolopendra bite is in some cases:
- Infection through open wounds;
- Traumatization of muscle tissue in the form of its breakdown or necrosis;
- Anaphylactic shock;
- Renal failure.
In particularly dangerous cases, myocardial infarction is possible, although the risk of its occurrence is quite low. Depending on the diagnosis, you may need to consult an allergist, nephrologist, cardiologist or surgeon.