If your plans include spending one or two nights at a chosen place, then setting up a field camp basically comes down to setting up tents, digging a campfire and constructing logs for sitting in the square around the fire.
Tents should be placed no closer than 7-10 meters from the campfire; otherwise, even one small, but proud spark can bring you many disappointments if the tent or canopy of your campsite burns. In addition, as a rule, people are crowding around the campfire, who will constantly tear off stretch marks of the tent too close to the tent. It is more convenient when the tent is the entrance to the fire, then the approach to it is lit. The wind should not blow into the entrance, especially in the cold season. If there are a lot of tents in the camp, it is better to arrange them not randomly, but by arranging the streets or circles.
Setting up a field camp for a long time, organization of necessary amenities and comfort.
When setting up a field camp for a long time, it’s worthwhile to spend some more effort on things that will significantly increase the comfort level of your bivouac and remove many problems that arise in the field. First of all, two pits should be dug a little at a distance from the camp. One pit will serve as a garbage dump, in which waste from your economic activities will empty waste tins, bags and other garbage. By the way, and in short parking lots it will not damage our forests already already too much messed up..
or equipment items. Next to them, sometimes even another fire is made. In contrast to the shelter, the dryer, on the contrary, is best equipped in an open, well-blown and sunlit place. A large tent, stretched at a height of about five meters above the fire, will greatly facilitate the work of those on duty, because even with heavy rain no one cancels cooking. Try to make a fire at least once and make a full dinner on an open fire, when it has been pouring from the sky all day, and the edge of this disgrace is not visible to the edge, and you will understand me well.
And people will be able to eat quietly in their usual convenient place around the campfire, and not bending three deaths in a wet tent. In military search expeditions in Karelia and the Novgorod region, I had to see sites equipped with local search engines, designed to be used for a particularly long time. Groups were expected to return here over the course of several seasons..
At such sites, tables, benches, racks over a bonfire, even baths and dugouts, were equipped. So the organization of a field camp is also a kind of creativity, and the above rules and recommendations are only the basis for it. How your camp will look exactly depends entirely on your goals, on your approach to business, on the organization and cohesion of your team.
Some tips for organizing a long-term field camp.
In marshy and mossy forests, on wet river floodplains, it is necessary to choose a dry place for tents and a bonfire. Mosses especially sphagnum contain a lot of moisture, so they can soak the bottom of the tent. The incomparably drier white lichen lichen (deer moss). Choose a place for the tent so that it is lit in the morning (so that it dries faster), but not in the afternoon (so that it is not stuffy). Living in a cramped tent requires a strict order. Each resident of the tent and each item must have their own specific place..
If you didn’t have a sleeping bag on the trip, you can make a soft bed yourself. Dry moss, lichens, dry grass, hay, straw, even small branches of spruce, pine, cedar, and poplar will go into business. All this is covered with a piece of tarpaulin, and a comfortable bed is ready. Before leaving the field camp, the tents should be dried to dryness. In a humid climate, you can’t leave drying things until the evening: they will begin to spin again, that is, absorb moisture, and quickly rot. It must be remembered that if you set up a tent under deciduous trees, water falls on it for some time after the rain. Spruce and cedars protect well from rain.
Criteria for choosing a location for the field camp.
1. His safety. There may be a sudden rise in water in rivers or dry channels and flooding of lowlands, landslides of steep slopes, rockfalls, avalanches, winds, lightning strikes in tall trees.
2. Security with firewood and water. The need for them is determined by the duration of the parking and the weather.
3. The comfort of existence. The absence or small amount of midges (open area), protection from wind and weather, dry places, the relative location of the fire and tents, the construction of the kitchen.
4. View of the field camp, the time of lighting the tents with the sun, view from the tents, view from the fire.
5. Remoteness from civilization. This will protect the camp from uninvited visitors. At the same time, the convenience of approaching the camp.
6. The absence of signs that the territory occupied by you belongs to anyone. Tent camp on private land few owners will please.
Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.