Hand-to-hand clashes in which short-edged knives were used were not uncommon during the Second World War. However, the percentage of soldiers wounded by short-edged cold steel was relatively small compared with losses from bullets and fragments, shells and mines.
Short-bladed edged weapon of the Second World War, the main models of combat knives created in the USA, Great Britain and the USSR.
For hand-to-hand combat, in most cases a standard bayonet was used in an open or closed form. In the Red Army, the main infantry weapon was the Mosin rifle with a trihedral bayonet. But there were ishtyk-knives, for example, to Simonov and Tokarev automatic rifles.
In the armies of the USA and Great Britain the bayonets were mainly of knife type. In Germany, the Wehrmacht soldier’s standard weapon was a bayonet-knife to the Mauser K98 carbine. In addition, combat knives and other short-edged knives of various modifications entered the German army.
During the Second World War, many new models of combat knives were developed. They were intended primarily for sabotage and reconnaissance units. The widespread use of combat knives among scouts and saboteurs was mainly due to the low level of development of silent shooting devices..
However, the combat knife has become not only an indispensable part of the intelligence equipment, but also their peculiar symbol. Starting from this time, the combat knife appears on the emblems of many special forces.
U.S. World War II Short-Edge Cold Steel.
In the United States during this period, two main types of army knives were developed. This is the Ka-Bar Marine Corps knife, and the Camillus M-3 ground forces knife. These knives were in the arsenal of the US Army for quite some time, and on their basis subsequent models of army knives and bayonets were created.
World War II Shortblade Cold Steel.
The famous British commando knife designed by Fairburn and Sykes during World War II had a number of significant flaws. The round handle and flat guard were inconvenient to use, and the thin blade is not reliable enough. However, thanks to active propaganda, this knife became famous as a symbol of British commandos..
Short-bladed edged weapon of the Second World War in the USSR.
In the USSR, on the basis of the Finnish knife, the reconnaissance knife, NR-40, was developed in 1940. The scout’s knife was distinguished from the classic Finnish by the presence of an S-shaped guard. There were several modifications to this knife. On some models, with a direct grasp of the knife, its blade was turned up. This orientation of the blade was convenient for cutting the throat or for striking from below.
Based on the book Small Encyclopedia of Cold Steel.