Shotgun for self-defense: equipment and shooting techniques

Shotgun – an incredibly flexible weapon that can serve as a very effective tool for self-defense. I am often asked about the use of a shotgun to protect the house, which is apparently caused by their presence in the house for hunting. This article discusses the use of a shotgun for self-defense, including a complete set, shooting technique and treatment in combat.

Shotgun equipment

Under-barrel flashlight (shown SureFire Scout) and hardened front sight are important parts of the gun for self-defense

Although your hunting rifle can serve as a means self defense, in some cases this may not be the best choice. Hunting shotguns usually have a long barrel, single-shot, double-barreled or pump-reloaded. The pump is good, but I do not recommend using single-charge or double-barreled guns for self-defense due to the limited capacity of the store. It is very likely that you will have to shoot more than once or twice, and reloading (or even saving ammunition) in such stressful conditions is very difficult.

Another problem is the length of the trunk. The more difficult it is to move in doorways or around obstacles, the longer the barrel. A long shotgun hunting is clumsy, and makes them keep away from shelters while aiming. Think of a pistol or a revolver, if in connection with the foregoing, a shotgun is unacceptable for you.

Here is minimum characteristics self-defense shotgun, in my opinion:

  • 12 (preferred) or 20 gauge
  • 5 ammo magazine at least
  • sights visible at dusk
  • under-barrel light
  • 3-5 rounds of ammunition

Since the shotgun is limited in magazine capacity (usually no more than 7-9 rounds), it is important to have a stock right on the weapon. Side cartridge belt like the one depicted allows you to have not only a reserve, but also an alternative type of projectile

Optional, but desirable characteristics:

  • barrel length not more than 20 inches (50 cm)
  • belt
  • electronic sight (like Aimpoint Micro)

Important moments for effective shooting

Below are some simple tips on how to effectively shoot your shotgun. They need to work out and adapt to a specific situation. When using a shotgun at best, you will have nine rounds in the magazine, and maybe five more on the weapon in the side cartridge belt. This means that if you use a shotgun without taking additional ammunition, 14 rounds will be enough for you, and they are enough in 99% of situations when you need a shotgun, although it is desirable for the army and the police more.

To shoot effectively, you need a mechanical basis that allows you to confidently control the weapon. In comparison with the carbine, the shotgun has a significantly higher return. The ability to cope with recoil helps to make effective hits, and conduct rapid fire.

The following are key points in the control of weapons. The stand and the attachment are the same as I would recommend for a rifle, but the shotgun will quickly reveal all your errors in kickback control. One cadet told me that, although he prefers a self-defense carbine (like me), he likes to hone his skills with a shotgun, which is more demanding than a carbine and thus allows for improved skills.

1. Fabrication and transfer of body weight forward

Most shooters are trying to turn sideways much stronger than necessary. Manufacturing with a small retraction of the jog leg will allow an appliqué closer to the center of the body. This provides a better turn towards the target, which contributes to the stability and mobility of the shooter. Forward weight transfer simply means that the nose is closer to the target than the toes. To check how it is, stand facing the comrade, slightly push back the jog leg, slightly bend your knees, and become a stretch. Let comrade push you to the center of the case. Then lean forward (without bending your knees more strongly), thereby setting your nose farther than the toes of your shoes, and let comrade push you again. You will immediately understand how the rack changes recoil resistance.

2. High grip arms leading hand

We usually use this expression in relation to the pistol, but it is also suitable for a shotgun. Your hand on the pistol grip or on the neck of the stock should be as close as possible to the trigger guard. Finding this position, make sure that the grip is reliable and allows you to firmly press the shotgun to the body when firing. Sluggishly putting a hand on a weapon is not the case.

3. Move your hand as far forward as your forearm allows.

I often see it learn and do wrong. The biggest mistake is to shift the grip back to the neck of the store. There are several advantages to grip for handguards. Firstly, improved recoil resistance; secondly, it is easier to carry the sight along the front, and finally, it is easier to withstand sudden melee attacks. Grabbing the weapon with your hand, make sure that you firmly hold the handguard and press the shotgun firmly back along the barrel axis.

4. Attach as close to the center as possible.

The principles of a sturdy stand are aggressive tilting, the body is straight, the butt is closer to the center, the butt is firmly pressed with the cheek, the elbow is pressed.

This is the main way to resist recoil, and mistakes are most often made in it. Like many of you, I was taught the standard side stand (both the father and the instructor of the Marine Corps) who moved the butt plate to the outer part of the shoulder. Because of this placement of the butt, the body tends to turn with recoil. From this sight turns back right-up (for left-handers – left-up).

To find the right place on the body, become relatively straight to the target, raising your hand and looking forward. Now grab the shotgun and attach it in the center of the chest. Slide your chin along the butt, and find a place where the appliance will show the sights. In the process, the shotgun inevitably shifts to the right for right-handers, to the left for left-handers, but remains relatively close to the center. You will find that your cheek fits snugly to a shotgun, which is good, it allows you to better control the weapon and keep the sight.

Important advice: An indirect benefit from the shift of the butt to the center is that in movement the weapon swings much less. When walking the shoulders move, this movement is transmitted to the weapon, so the displacement towards the center reduces the swinging of the weapon.

5. Lower the leading hand elbow

The advantage of a strong aggressive stance – even after three shots in a row, stability is preserved in a speedy manner and the weapon is fully controlled

After completing the application as described above, lower the elbow. First, thanks to this, the anterior deltoid and pectoral muscles are involved (try to feel them with the raised and the elbow lowered). Secondly, the elbow becomes a less convenient target in case you shoot and around the corner or obstacles, and less risk of being hit in motion.

6. Hold and hold down

Now that you are ready for shooting, securing the shotgun in a sturdy construction, it remains only to hold it straight and press it. The pressure should be strong but neutral, that is, the force should be directed exactly back along the axis of the barrel, avoid pulling the shotgun to the side.

7. Recharge

Recharge as often as possible

Having fired several times, it is critically important to charge it again with the same number of cartridges, so the sequence of actions is as follows:

  • pump action: shot, reload, look around, charge
  • self-loading: shot, look around, charge

Summing up

Shotgun – an excellent weapon with proper configuration and use. This is a weapon, one shot from which a sufficiently armed robber. Choose weapons, ammunition and hitch carefully, as this determines the difference between success and failure. Practice is the key to success, so go to the shooting range and practice.

Text writer – Mike Seeklander


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