Signs, traces and behavioral features of some small animals, possible ways to catch them and suitable traps for small animals.

Badgers, these squat, stocky animals of North America, Africa, and from eastern Eurasia to Indonesia, hibernate in cold regions. Well-kept trails and permanent toilet seats are convenient for traps on these small animals. Badger can be a very fierce and adroit fighter, with a strong bite. 

Signs, traces and behavioral features of some small animals, possible ways of catching them and suitable traps for small animals.

Badger traps: lifting loops on a stand with a bait, traps triggered by touching the bait and shock traps, a loop in the pit. Make them as strong as possible. Traces and signs: five fingers with prominent claws and a large back pad, can be confused with a small bear. Excrement is like a dog, but in dug grooves. Broken land and ravaged insect nests may indicate a badger.

, mollusks, insects, small mammals, berries, nuts. Their cousin is a raccoon eating crab from tropical America.. Traps on these small animals: put loops with bait. Traces : five long fingers with distinct claw marks, the front trace is small, rounded, the back is larger and tapering.

Rabbits and hares.

With the help of man, they have spread widely throughout the world. In most regions, this is the first thing to try to catch. It is easier to catch rabbits, most of these small animals live in burrows, often in large numbers, their trails are well-found a convenient place for traps. Young rabbits often lie dead and can simply be taken. Hares do not live in burrows, they do not have permanent paths.

Traps: simple loops, although a lifting loop will raise the animal above the ground and reduce the risk that your prey will be stolen. Traces and signs: the hairiness of the paws hides details even on soft ground, the difference between the long back and short front prints in the tracks is clearly manifested. The bark peeled off below the tree with marks of two incisors are signs of hares and rabbits. Rabbits make warning sounds, as if someone is hitting the pillow.

Squirrels.

Squirrels and meadow dogs are found everywhere except Australasia and the poles; in cold climates they have hibernation. Attentive and quick, most actively day and night, eat nuts, fruits, sprouts, etc., sometimes bird eggs. Terrestrial species of these small animals live in burrows, often large colonies, most are excellent food. Traps: small lifting loops connected to the bait.

Use cut fruit or a bird’s egg to attract animals. On wood squirrels, put 5 centimeter loops along the pole, which lean against the trunk of the squirrel tree. Traces and signs: four thin fingers with claws on the front paw, five on the back. Chewing bark, cracked nuts, cones under a tree or a sloppy nest of twigs in a tree fork may indicate protein.

Otters.

It is difficult to see and trap; they spend time in water or in underground burrows along the banks of the river. They are curious, therefore, a lifting loop-trap on the river bank with a bait of fresh fish may interest them. Traces and signs: five fingers with membranes, the print is almost round. Excrement elongated, with the smell of fish, located in the same places, usually on stones.

Beavers.

Shaggy stocky aquatic animals, dam builders with scaly, oily tails. They are found in North America and Northern Eurasia; they use permanent paths along water streams where they can be caught. Good food especially tail. Traps: a solid net or row of loops across the water stream. Lifting loops or shock traps where they exit from water to trees. Traces and signs: five fingers with nail marks, often only four are visible. Rear track with a membrane, rounded. Look for beaver dams and houses, fallen and nibbled young trees, burrows and shavings near the water.

Porcupines.

Various species are found in the Americas, Africa, and tropical Asia. Some climb trees. Living on earth are clumsy, easy to catch and stab. Needles can cause injury.

Hedgehogs.

Secretive, mostly nocturnal animals of Eurasia and from Africa to Indonesia, lie in well-hidden nests during the day and hibernate in temperate regions. They move relatively slowly, so they can be caught up. Those that curl up are the easiest to catch. It is completely edible; handle with caution usually have parasites. The skin can be removed without contacting the thorns. Cook thoroughly. Traps for these small animals: the loop is unlikely to capture. Use shock traps hedgehogs like to sniff an obstacle. Traces : five fingers with long claws, but usually only four are visible.

The marten family.

Weasels, ermines, minks, ferrets are secretive animals, but can be an important source of food in the northern regions. Watch out for their sharp teeth. Traps: lifting loops with a rod for bait length, shock traps. Lure with giblets or bird eggs. Traces : indistinct, if not on soft ground. Five fingers with claws widely spaced; the main pad is often smeared due to the furry paws. It moves irregularly, so the traces of the hind and front legs overlap. Weasels have the smallest tracks.

Small rodents.

The largest group of animals, some of which are the easiest to catch, although most of them are too small to be looped. Traces of different species are difficult to distinguish. Rats and mice are found almost everywhere. They can be lured into trap cells or obtained using a shock trap. Rats carry various diseases. When gutting, try not to damage, not tear the insides and cook as carefully as possible. Unwanted guests, if you do not consider them as food, try to catch them if they raid the camp.

The bats.

They are found everywhere except in very cold areas. Active at night, in temperate zones hibernate. Carnivorous bats feed on insects, fish, these small animals include vampire bats from South America, which can be carriers of rabies. Take good cover when you sleep in their area of ​​residence. Fruits-eating bats are also called bats, larger.

Some have a wingspan of up to 1 meter, found from tropical Africa and further east. Good food, especially well-fed herbivores. Remove wings, legs, entrails, and skin.. Traps: throw a net on the tree where the flying dogs feed. Others can be stoned from where they sleep during the day.. Signs: the habitats of their colonies are easy to see, often live in caves, those that eat fruit, also on trees.

Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.
John Wiseman.

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