Sinusitis is a common infection, therefore, everyone should know at least how to get basic treatment for sinus infection at home before you can communicate with a doctor. This knowledge could be useful in many situations, including those where you are away from your home, on an expedition or in another place where you can not get medical help. There are some basic things you should keep in mind when dealing with a disease of this type. First of all, let’s have a clear vision of the paranasal sinuses.
A breast is a cavity filled with air. When we say sinus, we refer to those cavities in the skull that are connected to the nasal passages through a narrow hole in the bone marrow (ostium).
People have four separate breasts in 4 pairs:
- frontal sinus (located on the forehead)
- maxillary sinus (which can be found under the cheeks)
- Ethmoid sinus (which is located between the eyes).
- sphenoid sinus (which is located far behind the ethmoid)
General information about sinusitis.
Sinusitis is the infection of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and nasal sinuses. When the mucous membrane becomes inflamed, it becomes inflamed and blocks the drainage of fluid from the nose and sinus into the throat. This leads to sinus pain and a feeling of pressure in that area. If the breasts can not be completely drained, bacteria and fungi may develop.
The sinuses become blocked during viral infections like a cold, which causes an inflammation of the sinuses and, as a result, an infection. The difference between colds and sinusitis is that the symptoms that come with the cold, including nasal discharge, begin to improve after 5-7 days. Symptoms attributed to sinusitis last longer and get worse after 7 days.
We are confronted with two forms of sinus infection: acute (appears suddenly) and chronic (it is the result of an acute sinusitis that was not treated properly and keeps appearing again and again). In chronic sinusitis the symptoms do not disappear completely, always keeping the symptoms mild.
Possible causes of sinusitis
Sinus infections usually occur after the body encounters an infection with a virus. This leads to inflammation of the mucous membrane from inside the passages of the nose.
- The mucous membrane becomes inflamed when inflamed, blocking the drainage of fluid from the sinuses to the nose or throat
- Accumulation of mucus and fluid in the sinuses that cause pressure and pain.
- Environmental bacteria have a point of support in the breasts that do not drain properly. Bacterial sinus infection often causes more inflammation than pain.
While colds cause this condition, any factor that causes inflammation of the mucous membrane can cause sinusitis. Many people with allergic rhinitis (nasal allergies) probably have chronic sinusitis with repeated episodes of acute sinusitis. Nasal polyps, foreign bodies (often in children), structural disorders of the nose, deviated septum and other diseases can obstruct the nasal passage and increase the risk of developing sinusitis.
Fungal infections can also cause sinusitis. They are more common in children with poor immune systems. Fungal sinusitis tends to become chronic and is more difficult to treat than the bacterial type.
Types of sinus infection
Sinusitis can be classified in several ways, depending on the duration of the problem (acute, subacute, chronic) and the type of inflammation is infectious or noninfectious.
- Acute sinusitis is defined as a duration of less than 30 days.
- Subacute sinusitis lasts for a period of one to three months.
- Chronic sinusitis is defined as a duration of more than 3 months.
The periods mentioned above are not medically decided and should be considered more as general information. In general, sinus infection is triggered by common (less common) viruses and bacteria and, more rarely, fungi. Subacute and chronic sinusitis is most likely the result of inadequate or incomplete treatment of the acute form. Sinusitis that is considered noninfectious is usually caused by allergies or allergy triggers (irritants) and can last as long as acute, subacute or chronic infections.
Symptoms of sinusitis
The most common symptoms of sinusitis are pain and pressure on the face with the sensation of nasal congestion, full of secretions. You may see a yellow or greenish runny nose. Bending or moving the head can often increase facial pain and pressure.
Pain or sensitivity may vary depending on the affected breast:
- Pain in the cheeks or incisors may be caused by inflammation of the maxillary sinus
- Pain in the forehead, over the eyebrows, may be caused by inflammation of the frontal sinus
- Retro-ocular pain (behind the eyes), in the head or both temples may be caused by inflammation of the sphenoid sinus
- Peri orbital pain is determined by inflammation of the ethmoid sinus.
Other common symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Yellowish or greenish discharge from the nose that escapes from the back of the throat
- Bad breath
- Productive cough
- Decreased sensitivity of taste or smell.
How to treat sinusitis
There are two ways to treat a sinus infection: by home remedies or by allopathic treatment. It is best to start with the first one, but you should carefully observe the symptoms. If they get worse or if they last for days, you should see a doctor.
In general terms, common sinusitis can be treated with home remedies. However, if the pain persists for more than a week or in case of repeated sinusitis (more than three per year) visit your doctor. There are severe cases in which the sinus infection can spread to the eye or the meninges, leading to serious complications. Call 911 if ocular paralysis occurs, if your eyes are very irritated or if you have nausea or if you start to vomit.
Remedies for the treatment of sinusitis in an expedition.
Sinus infections can catch you completely unaware, on an expedition, away from your home or from any doctor or person who can provide you with medical care. In this case, you should know that there are some natural remedies that you can carry out with you. They are small and lightweight and you can put them in one of the pockets of your backpack.
If you face a sinus infection on your trip, you can use essential oils or homeopathic remedies to relieve your pain. However, if the symptoms begin to appear, you must return home.
There are a lot of essential oils which can be useful with sinusitis: lavender, menthol, eucalyptus, oregano, tea tree, mint, rosemary, thyme, geranium, clove, sweet basil, pine, chamomile. It’s true that you can not use an inhaler or a humidifier, or even take a relaxing bath while you’re there, but you can use the essential oils in other ways:
- Put a few drops on a clean cloth and inhale. This will help to release congestion from your nose.
- Dilute the oils in a little carrier oil (olive oil, coconut oil or whatever is available, take a small amount in your bags, approximately 2 oz, do not need much oil) and use this mixture to massage the pressure points of his face: the temples, through the forehead, the side of each nostril, the inside of the eyebrows. Be careful to avoid the eye area.
- The ingestion of essential oils is a topic of debate among professionals in alternative medicine. Opinions are divided: there are some voices that say that essential oils should never be ingested, while others recommend much care with them, especially for children, the elderly or pregnant women. Therefore, if you plan to use essential oils internally, you should consult a specialist.
Homeopathic treatment can help you too. The remedies are also small and have a long lifespan, as they do not deteriorate, so you can take them with you. Depending on the type of symptoms you develop, you can use:
- Belladonna – you feel that your eyes are heavy and the pain is located in the forehead
- Kali Bichronicum – pain develops in the root of the nose and has a thick nasal discharge
- Pulsatilla – the pain in the head decreases when getting up or breathing fresh air
- Arsenicum – Burning pain in the sinuses that gets worse with noise, light or movement.
- Mercury Great pain in the head, aggravated by the outdoors, sleeping or eating.
- Hepar sulfur – Effective with sinusitis developed from cold air.
- Spigella – High pain on the left side of the face.
Dosage: Use potency 6 or 30 and take a dose every 2 hours at the beginning, when symptoms appear and are intense and every 4 hours when it improves.
Home remedies for sinusitis
The benefits of hot steam.
- The hot vapors help to relieve the painful pressure in the breasts. Take a shower as hot as you can, inhaling the steam and letting the water run down your face until it releases your breasts.
- Lie on the bed and apply a compress with hot water to the breast area. Use a thick towel, soak it in water and then squeeze it.
- Take a steam bath with aromatic pine, mint or eucalyptus oil. Pour 1-2 liters of boiling water into a medium bowl, add 2-3 drops of one of the essential oils mentioned above, then take a steam bath of the face and cover your head with a towel. Steam promotes sinus drainage.
Saline solution – An effective method to thin mucus and reduce inflammation of the sinus mucosa. It consists of watering with a saline solution that can be homemade. Mix a quarter teaspoon of salt with a pinch of baking soda in a cup of warm water. Fill a pipette with this liquid, tilt the head back and put the solution in one nostril and clog the other. Inhale deeply and then gently blow your nose. Repeat the procedure with another nostril.
Neti pot – It is a small Ayurvedic container found in some pharmacies or online. It resembles a small splash with a goatee. Fill it with saline solution. Place the neti pot in a nostril and bend the head to the side. The warm solution will flow into the nose through one nostril and exit through the other, eliminating mucus. Blow your nose and then repeat the procedure.
Horseradish – horseradish grill. Inhale the smell. This vegetable with a strong flavor contains a substance that can thin the mucus. Avoid eye contact
Horseradish and lemon juice. – Mix the two ingredients in equal amounts and take a teaspoon one hour before eating. You can start crying.
Piper – If you like spicy foods, add a pinch of pepper or chili to your food. They contain capsaicin, a substance that promotes the drainage of mucus.
Garlic – Recent studies have shown that allicin contained in garlic has antibacterial properties. Mix one clove of crushed garlic with four teaspoons of water. Then pour 10 drops into each nostril twice a day. The infection should disappear in about three days.
Sleeping and relaxation
- Place a pillow under your neck when you lie down. The position of the head at the same level as the shoulders can obstruct the breasts.
- Lie in a comfortable position. Apply a cushion with hot salt over the eyes and cheekbones. Leave it until it cools, then continue with the procedure until you feel relief in the sinuses.
A minimum of sinus massage will stimulate blood circulation, helping to relieve pain. Begin by pressing the bottom of the nostrils with the tips of your fingers and then apply pressure to the nose, below the forehead. Press each point for 30 seconds and then release it.
Rosemary oil enhances the effect of massage. Fill a container with hot water, pour a few drops of essential oil and inhale the vapors while performing acupressure.
Medical treatment for sinus infection includes 4-5 types of medications:
Antibiotics – In case of a bacterial infection. Antibiotics are not effective with viral infections, they can even cause more damage. Statistics show that there are very few cases of sinusitis bacteria. This points to the fact that antibiotics can be used in excess.
Analgesics – These may include ibuprofen or paracetamol. Do not use them for more than 10 days.
Decongestants – they can take the form of pills (Contac or Sudafed) or aerosols (Afrin or Dristan)
Allergy medications – If sinusitis occurs due to an allergy, your doctor may prescribe antihistamines.
Steroids – They can reduce the swelling of the membranes. In acute cases or sinusitis that is repeated over and over again, you can even consider surgery to make the nasal passages enlarge and drain better.
You should only take allopathic treatment when prescribed by a doctor. Do not use medications on your own without prior medical advice.
Prevention is better than cure.
Install an air humidifier in the room where you sleep. Leave it on during the night so that the nasal passages do not dry out. Clean it every week to prevent the storage of fungi.
Limit your intake of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol causes an inflammation of the mucous and the paranasal sinuses. Also avoid bathing in pools with chlorinated water! Never jump with your head forward. Chlorine irritates nasal mucous membranes. The pressure exerted by the jump causes the water to reach the breasts.
Avoid smoking in the rooms. Cigarette smoke dries the respiratory tract and favors the proliferation of bacteria in the paranasal sinuses. Limit the consumption of milk and milk products that favor the formation of mucus. If you suffer from sinusitis systematically, contact a dentist. This suffering is often caused by dental problems.
Sinus and altitude
All circumstances related to fluctuations in atmospheric pressure are dangerous for the paranasal sinuses. They can lead to an aggressive form of sinusitis, called barotraumatic, which is manifested by intense and brutal pain, sometimes accompanied by bleeding. It can happen in the case of a sudden takeoff of an airplane or a mountain climbing of greater rhythm, beyond the 2000 meters of altitude.
The risk is even greater in the case of an aquatic dive with an oxygen tank. When returning to the surface, the pressure of air accumulated in the breasts necessarily has to go outside to avoid serious damage.
It is not recommended to travel by plane or reach high altitudes during periods of acute sinusitis.
Although sinus infections can cause some complications, if you pay attention to the symptoms and start treatment with home remedies at an early stage, you can eliminate this ailment in a short time. They are quite effective and have been proven over the years.
But pay attention to the way your body feels: if your condition gets worse and nothing seems to ease your pain, seek medical attention. Your doctor will surely know what to do.
REMEDIES AND TREATMENTS