When starting to take pictures of the skin with a carpet, try to arrange the telo-animal so that it is convenient for you to work with it. The less you get tired when processing your trophy, the better your work will be. If you do not have an assistant, fasten the legs of the animal. Stretching them to the sides and tying them with a rope. Thus, you will achieve that when working with the skin you will have a minimum number of places difficult to access for shooting.
Skinning a carpet, the order and sequence of actions, skinning on limbs and from the head.
Start shooting the skin with a carpet from its cut on the sternum. To do this, push the fur apart until the skin appears. Make an incision that cuts through the skin, but not deeper, otherwise blood may leak, which will stain the fur and interfere with further work. Then, insert the pointed knife under the skin with the blade up and cut the skin towards the head of the animal with the movements of the knife from the inside out. Constantly spreading the fur to the sides so as not to cut it.
Try to make the cut as even as possible. The incision must be completed between the bases of the jaws, at ear level. When shooting skins with a carpet, the animal’s fur at the edges of the cut is fluffy and stained with blood. As a result, a number of problems arise. The fur adhering to the meat makes it difficult to clearly see the edges of the cuts. If it is not removed to the side, there is a risk of continuing the incision in the wrong place. Or the fur falls under the knife, and you cut it, which affects the appearance of the trophy.
Hanging animal carcasses with carpet.
All this can be avoided by wetting the fur along the edges of the section with salt water (100 g of table salt per 1 liter of water, it is better with cooled boiled water). This is more convenient to do with a plastic bottle with a sprayer. Although a brush, a piece of cotton fabric or foam may well come up.
Next, lift the skin to the sides. Pulling the edges and sticking a hand under the skin. In many freshly caught animals, the skin is well separated from the meat with almost no knife. Before continuing to cut from the sternum across the abdomen, try to separate the skin with your hands from the walls of the abdominal cavity, so as not to accidentally cut the animal’s abdomen. Bringing the incision almost to the anus, go around it on one side and continue the incision to the tip of the tail.
The scheme of cuts when skinning carpet.
From one side, it will bypass genitalia. In no case do not leave the fur covering the genitals of the animal on the carcass. Lift the tail with a knife. If the tail of the animal is well removed by stocking (in animals such as the fox, marten, etc.), then it is more convenient to remove it at the last moment when the skin is removed from the entire animal. But before shooting the head, holding the skin with your fingers and stretching the vertebrae.
But after the tail is removed in this way, be sure to open it with the knife from the bottom to the very tip. Try to make sure that the cut goes strictly from the bottom. This is necessary so that subsequently it is possible to carefully grind, degrease and fat the tail. It is unlikely that you will want to have a shag tail trophy.
Skinning a carpet on an animal’s limbs.
Next, you need to cut the skin on the limbs. The appearance of the future product depends on how carefully you treat this part of the work. On the hind legs, start the incision from a point a few centimeters from the anus closer to the stomach. Between the anus and the scrotum – in the male. Next, lead the incision to the popliteal cavity on the inside of the thigh.
If you intend to make a carpet out of the skin, then lead the incision to the center of the heel and then along the lower part of the foot to the skin pillow on the animal’s paw. Cut the pillow in the middle almost to the fingers. Next, make cuts to the sides to the sides of the paw. In this case, the incisions must be made between the fingertips and the cushion of the foot along the hairline.
A cut in the middle of the paw when skinning the carpet.
If you intend to make a scarecrow, then the incision from the knee area does not lead to the heel, but to the point located between the heel and the ankle. On the inside of the paw, but not in the hollow, but closer to the heel. Do not cut the pillow on a moan, but go around on the inside of the paw. Leaving a fur trim about 1 cm wide on the pillow. And then between the foot pillow and the fingertips along the hairline of the skin to the outside of the paw.
Section on the inside of the paw when skinning the carpet.
On the forelimbs, the cuts start from the middle between the top of the shoulder and the armpit. Then lead the incision along the inside of the paw, closer to the elbow. Next – to the middle of the brush pad. On the brush, the skin is cut according to the same principle as on the feet. Depending on what you want to make from the skin of an animal.
After that, you need to skin the animal’s paws. To do this, pull the edge of the skin and with the help of a knife, separate the skin of the slope, starting from the points of convergence of the longitudinal section (from head to tail) with cuts on the extremities. Then remove the skin from the paws on both sides of the cut. Separating one of the paws from the skin, bend the paw in the joint. Now, having fixed a paw in the area of the joint and pulling the skin, you reach the fingers.
Cutting a finger when skinning a carpet.
Remove fingers from the skin to the last joint. Leaving in the skin only the last phalanx of the finger on which the claw is located. The pillows on the fingers are not cut. Having removed two legs, for example, the front and back left, remove the skin from the back of the animal. It will now be easier to skin the remaining limbs.
Skinning a carpet from an animal’s head.
Last of all, remove the skin from the head of the animal. This is one of the most difficult and crucial moments. Having reached the base of the ears, separate the ear from the skull, cutting it with a knife closer to the skull so that the ear cartilage remains entirely on the skin. Next, continue to remove the skin. Cutting with a knife as close to the skull as possible, especially in the eye area where the skin is closest to the bone.
To keep the eyelids intact, you need to pull the skin away from the skull and, as soon as the back of the orbit is exposed, cut the skin not along the surface of the skull, but directing the tip of the knife into the orbit. When the eyeball appears, pull off the skin of the eyelid and cut it near the eyeball itself. If everything is done correctly, an incision will be obtained through which the inner surface of the eyelids will be visible..
Insert a finger into the hole and pull the skin away from the eye and cut it close to the eyeball. After the eyelids are separated from the skull, do not rush to shoot quickly. In the corner of the eye is the lacrimal gland. The skin in this place is very thin and fastens close to the bone. So you need to separate it, cutting almost on the bone. In this case, do not press hard on the knife, scratching the skull.
Separating the skin to the molars, cut it closer to the skull so that the teeth become visible in the section. Next, separate the lips, cutting them as close to the skull as possible. First remove the lower lip, then, lifting the skin almost to the nostrils, separate the cartilage of the nose from the skull, leaving it on the skin of the animal. As a result, the entire soft part of the chin, lower and upper lips, as well as the nose, along with the nasal cartilage should separate from the skull.
With a certain skill, you can skin the skull in such a way that a minimum of cuts of meat will remain on it. But this skill is acquired through years of practice, as a result of which you will learn to visually and surely determine the thin line between the skin itself and the muscle or subcutaneous fat layers, which, ideally, should be cut.
In the meantime, the experience of skinning the carpet is not so great, it’s easier to leave more cuts on the skin when shooting, which can later be removed with the help of trim, but to avoid numerous skin cuts.
Based on the materials of the book “Fishing tackle and do-it-yourself hunting equipment. Production and repair “.