Recently, unusual automatic sniper rifles began to appear at exhibitions, shooting ranges and in combat units, in which only a professional recognizes the good old Svd – Dragunov sniper rifle, commissioned in the distant 1963. A legendary rifle, but so old that many people have long thought it right to send it to the museum along with the patron 7.62? 54 mm, adopted for service in the XIX century. Some time ago I agreed with that Valentin Vlasenko. Why his opinion has changed, let him tell himself.
In this modern sniper rifle, only a professional will be able to identify the “old woman” Svd, standing in service already since 1963
For a long time with varying degrees of success, I am engaged in shooting from a carbine. Having shot up the master of sports in practical shooting, he discovered for himself a high-precision shooting. In this case, the love of semi-automatic rifles remained. But when the price of match ammunition .308 caliber went off for 200 rubles per shot, I decided that I needed import substitution – a Russian semi-automatic for a domestic cartridge 7.62? 54 mm This cartridge suited me – it worked perfectly from bolted (with a longitudinally sliding rotary bolt) rifles, for example, CB-98 and MTs116. Surprised by advertising, bought a civilian version Svd – “native”, all in factory stamps, 1967 of release. This is a legend, with her older brothers classmates in Afghanistan fought. I put a sight on it and assembled a group of 9 cm at 100 m. AK-47 collects better.
In general, I was very upset, because I bought a rifle for $ 3000 – legends are not cheap. I wrote to the seller, to which I received the answer that I simply do not know how to shoot. He laughed at the answer. It was necessary to do something, especially since I had been engaged in weapon tuning for a long time – I started with carbon fiber rifle boxes, after which I was engaged in aluminum forearm for Heckler & Koch HK417. Disassembled, began to watch what can be done. Two main problems Svd – not hung trunk and side mount optics, on which even the most ideal bracket “walks”.
SAGE EBR – The chassis for the American M14 automatic rifle, which was in service with the US Army in 1950-1960.
On the first problem, the picture was not very joyful – ideally, the trunk should not touch anything, except for the receiver, to which it is attached. It is impossible to get rid of the gas chamber, but each additional attachment point introduces its parasitic vibrations when fired, which adversely affects the accuracy of shooting.
When Evgeny Dragunov developed his rifle, he proceeded from the fact that all the iron fittings fastened on the barrel should be seated on the barrel with minimal tension. Unfortunately, for civilian products, the tolerances for the manufacture of fittings may not be observed in order. And as a result, a “sausage” with five clenches is obtained from the barrel – when the barrel heats up, all these clamping begin to work differently from shot to shot.
Valentin Vlasenko – a person who breathed a second life into the SVD. Now you know him in person. And not just snipers.
Not relying on others
The problem with clamping the barrel quite effectively treated the famous Russian gunsmith Gennady Kozhayev, whom the arrows respectfully call “Mikhalych.” For his work, Gennady Mikhailovich called the price, commensurate with the price of a rifle, and a period of six months. If it was still possible to put up with the price, then the dates did not suit categorically. In addition, the second problem was not solved. Svd – installation of optics on the side plate.
This problem is familiar to everyone who is trying to shoot exactly from Svd at long distances: the rifle gathers a group, but every day this group may be in a new place, the average hit point – STF – “walks” on the target. So I had to get down to business myself. Worn out, took all the accessories from his trunk Svd, and I still have a naked trunk. The first version of his rifle was made in draft form, using welding, pieces of steel and forearm from HK417. This Frankenstein weighed six pounds, but the main thing – he started shooting!
For the next three months I painted a kit – a set of parts that replace the factory ones and eliminate the problems described. Then I looked for another three months who would take it and finally cut the first version of the chassis. Initially I thought of doing it on the basis of the SAGE EBR chassis for the American M14 automatic rifle, which was in service with the US Army in 1950-1960. It is a large “cup”, which puts a rifle. But for this, we would have to change a lot of additional details: the lid check, the fuse box — essentially, the number of parts to be changed was “pulled” to a new rifle and exactly crossed out the possibility of self-installation of the chassis. And it was one of the fundamental moments, the user should be able to put the chassis himself using the tools at hand without affecting the main parts.
Earlier version of SVD Vlasenko,in which you can still guess the donor – SIDS with a folding butt.
Therefore, I settled on a three-component chassis. Its central element is a supporting steel coupling mounted on a ledge from the receiver. In this case, the barrel passes through the clutch. The second main element is the upper “bar” (in terms of shooters from the AR15 – “Upper”). This element is an aluminum cup with a Picatinny rail with a length of 460 mm from the top, having a mount on the regular side tail tail and simultaneous mounting over / from the sides on an already installed steel coupling. This turns the “Upper” into a two-arch supporting structure for optics, at the same time adding rigidity to the receiver. The third element of the chassis is the lower hemisphere, which is connected to the coupling and the upper one. Since the top bar for attaching optics has dropped, the base cover requires cutting — after all, it now can be locked butted with an apper.
These sacrifices had to be made to ensure the best ergonomics of the final product – the overall vertical size of the rifle did not change. In this case, incomplete disassembly for cleaning and maintenance of the rifle is performed as usual, but without the need to dismantle the optics. Patenting has suddenly become a serious block of design work: not to violate someone else’s intellectual property, but at the same time protecting your ideas is just as important as making the product available for sale.
Robotic thermal sight Demon gives you at night a multiple advantage over the enemy, not having such a sight.
The process is carried away – now the eighth version of our chassis will go into production. Constantly we find that we can still improve. For example, it turned out that most Svd trunk looks left and down. And if we make the top bar coaxially with the box, then in some “extreme” cases the corrections at the sight for long-range shooting begin to be lacking and specialized brackets are required for mounting the sight. Therefore, in our new version, the entire plank is milled with a bevel for the necessary 20 angular minutes. This jamb was shown to us, by the way, by the guys serving in special units who are now chasing the samples provided to them “both in the tail and in the mane.”
One of the latest versions of SVD Vlasenkocan be identified by the adapter, which raises the axis of the butt, aligning it with the axis of the bore. According to the store, experts can also guess that this model was created under the NATO cartridge .308 (7.62 x 51), the release of which was successfully mastered by our ammunition factories.
The height of the Picatinny rail is made so that the shooter can use standard AR-brackets (made for an AR-15 rifle) for a sight or collimator and he doesn’t need to adjust anything – everything will fit in height. For the chassis kit, we made an adapter that lifts the stock axis, aligning it with the barrel bore axis, so that the recoil does not twist the rifle up and sideways. Plus, we developed and released a gas chamber with the ability to adjust the volume of gas going to recharge. For many civilian shooters, this function was necessary.
At first I thought that I would make ten whales for myself and my friends. But no production was taken for a lot of less than 50 sets. I had to do 50 sets. Taking into account the costs of development, patenting, installation details, errors and unscrupulous suppliers, this batch was “golden”. Part of it was given to the military for tests, part to their riflemen, but, fortunately, the whole party sold out in a couple of months. The second batch was dismantled by friends of friends. Part of the sets went to the prizes of the arrows at the competitions. Now we are making the fourth batch specifically for the military.
The best compliment for us was that Svd in our chassis compare to Heckler & Koch HK417. Economic calculations are also in our favor.
“German” is now cheaper than 360,000 rubles in Russia can not buy. Civil version Svd (“Tiger” carbine) costs from 40,000 rubles, our whale – 60,000. Outcome: 100,000 rubles. You can put a whale in the workshop – three hours of work and 10,000 rubles. Cartridges are seven to ten times cheaper (!).
The height of the Picatinny rail is made so that the shooter can use standard AR-brackets (made for an AR-15 rifle) for a sight or collimator and he doesn’t need to adjust anything – everything will fit in height.
Now about the shooting. Heckler & Koch HK417 It gives 1.5 angular minutes (the accuracy rate of the weapon) in ten shots by army match ammunition, but weighs 5 kg with a 20-inch barrel. Ours with a 24-inch barrel weighs 4.2 kg. At the same time, she places 10 sniper cartridges of 7N14 in 1.2? 1.5 angular minutes. Gross ammunition is 1.5–2 angular minutes. And allows without dismantling the main sight to use the whole range of night and thermal imaging nozzles, range finders and other accessories, without which a modern semi-automatic complex for long-range shooting is unthinkable. So write off the legendary retirement Svd it’s too early – I hope she still shoots well.
The Dragunov sniper rifle was not created for snipers in the modern sense of the word, but for the most accurate, accurate shooters in an ordinary military unit.
Vampire st Easily integrated with the Dedal DH 3? 12 x 50 tactical optical sight.
The main task of modern snipers, working, as a rule, in pairs or groups, is to defeat important targets with a minimum consumption of ammunition at the maximum range. They are mainly used rifles with a tilt-and-slide shutter with manual reloading, very powerful ammunition, expensive aiming complexes, range finders and meteorological stations. Well-aimed arrows work straight off, in combat formations, at distances of up to 600 meters, and the main requirements for their weapons are accuracy and high density of fire. It is under these characteristics and created Svd.
How can you adapt Svd under new realities, increase accuracy, can be seen on the example of a rifle Vlasenko. And the company IWT (“Innovative Weapon Technologies”) offers aiming devices, which in modern combat are no less important than the weapons and ammunition. And for well-aimed shooters, their value can hardly be overestimated, since they are much inferior to professional snipers in high-precision shooting skills.
Vampire st – the easy and compact built-in ballistic calculator of new generation.
Built-in ballistic calculator Vampire st It is easily integrated with a tactical optical sight (in the photo with one of the best domestic Dedal DH 3 × 12 x 50 sights), it mates with a mechanism for entering vertical corrections and provides instant automatic calculation of vertical and horizontal corrections. The built-in OLED-display shows the calculated value of the amendments, the distance to the target, as well as the distance of the exact shot for the current position of the drum of vertical corrections. The shooter has two options: if time permits, make the necessary corrections or instantly make the necessary takeaway, guided by the picture on the display.
Vampire ST is optionally equipped with an IWT laser rangefinder, which communicates with the ballistic module via cable or radio channel. As a result, the shooter needs only to aim at the target, press the range-finder button, enter corrections or place the crosshairs on the desired values and pull the trigger.
Demon – younger brother of automated thermal sighting complex Sheitan.
And if Sheitan is designed for high-profile snipers (and not all of them can afford this technical miracle), then Demon is the ideal solution for our accurate shooters. In a small complex, a thermal sight, a highly selective laser range finder, a photo and video fixation device, a ballistic calculator, a navigation complex and (optionally) a weather station fit. The list of everything the Demon is capable of takes up a whole page, but in practice it looks like this: you point at a crosshair at the target, pull the trigger, and the bullet hits exactly where the crosshair was. The calculation of external ballistics, distance to the target, the angle of the target location, the influence of weather conditions, wind and even derivation and the Coriolis effect – all this is done instantly by Demon himself.
It looks like a fantasy, but we shot – this is reality. But why then is this not a real sniper device? The fact is that the Demon detects a target at a distance of 1500 m, but it can reliably identify it only at 180 m. It is at such distances in complete darkness that exact arrows work.