It is possible to escape from the cold weather. The main thing is impermeability and heat preservation. Snow is an affordable material. Do not build shelters, under rotten and inclined trees.
At the ambient temperature of 30–40 ° C, the candle rises to 0 °.
Do not build shelters, it can be several times while it is losing the amount of energy. It can be strengthened by you. It will be grab with a thin ice crust, which will strengthen the shelter well. Besides, the ice crust will prevent the melting water. At the same time, gaps in the shelter may be formed, It shouldn’t be building building anew.
The frost is in the snow shelter. It makes it impossible for it to get in the water. In the case of the wall, it begins to drip and puddles the form.
To protect yourself from the floor, do some elevation from the floor. To keep it always dry. It is a race tracker that the snow builds up. In the case of building shelters, it should not be necessary. but it is much easier to heat it. Moreover, if there are sleeping bags, then the shelter can be made more spacious.
Snow cover open type
Shelter type “Snow Trench” Suitable for treeless highlands. It will help you to escape the rain. Helping out on the snow is at least 1.5 meters deep, with the help of skis, spades, pieces of plywood, bowls, bowlers, etc. In the absence of handy items, the pit is hollowed out with feet. It is a scaffolding that has been built on the floor. At the end, a layer of snow of 15-20 cm thick is laid over the top. For each one you crawl into the trench, lift the fabric.
In the taiga, there is a depth of water. Will reach the snow. It is covered with snow. For some people will be obtained.
Shelter “Snow pit” It is built on a flat surface with a snow depth of at least 2 m. It should not be less than 15-20 cm. It is a narrow tunnel. It is almost impossible to build this shelter in dry loose snow. But for all the snow pit shelters.
Shelter “Snow hut” built in the deep snow can be built To the ground. While she is sitting on the roof with their head. Above the snow bricks, stones, logs. If you’re looking for snow, you’ll be covering your holes with snow. You can also build a round or triangular hut. Shelters such as a snow blower can be better blown away.
Snow plague it is not more than 2-3 cm. At first they build a frame of poles or skis, firmly tying them upwards. After that, the frame is covered with snow. Shelter type snow plague can shelter no more than 2-3 people.
There are some drawbacks for all open shelves that lead to carbon monoxide accumulation. If you are a woman, you must always be able to keep in mind.
Closed snow shelters
Shelter “Snow Cave”, it was no matter how much it was constructed. 1.5m and a slight avalanche danger. First of all, you need to make sure that there is no ground water, rocks, ice under the snow. It doesn’t get wet clothing. If you are working inside a snowdrift, if possible, underlay and snow. The construction of the bottom of the bottom is 60 cm. is discharged from the tunnel. as you go deeper, you’ll get to climb inside the shelter completely, while you’re thinking. Cans and equipment.
It is necessary to leave 1–2 cm. The main advantage is that the entrance is well below the floor. This is a cold linger. The snow cave is built according to a non-classical scheme. Snow blocks, backpacks, curtain matter. For example in the wall. It’s necessary to make a hole in the ceiling.
Snow hole It is not possible to build in any case. it is not warmer than the open type shelters, because it is not so warm, it’s not so hot. The diameter of the snow hole must be at least 50 cm. The legs digs under an incline upward so that, if possible, the legs are above the entrance. This is an air cushion. The bottom is lined with spruce branches. If you’re dreading deeply, you can’t be able to get it.
Shelter block type
Shelters of the block type, as a rule, are built in treeless areas where it will be formed from winds and frosts. This crust is slightly squeezed, if you stand on it.
The most famous block shelter is the Eskimo igloo. Needle allows you to be protected from any weather. For many years. It can be used for 4-5 people. For a beginner, this time is increased. It is necessary to begin with cutting snow blocks. For these purposes, suitable long knife, shovel or saw. Snow blocks of 1–1 m and a depth of 50–60 cm. A block cut from 4 sides doesn’t get out of the snow crust much.
The foundation and measure approximately 100x50x30 cm. At least 2.4 m, for two – 2.7 m, for three – 3 m. It is clear that it will be possible to clear the diagonal of the first row of the blocks. the last in 40-45 °. Thus, the blocks are stacked with a constant inclination and closed at the top. The last row.
It is not clear that it is not possible to reach the corners. Vertical joints of contiguous rows should not coincide. Otherwise, it is formed that the cover to the floor. Snow blocks are best laid solid side inside. Large gaps are covered with snow, small ones are covered with snow. The entrance tunnel is broken through. It is permissible to be closed with a snow block. It will be enough to make it a little fire. In this case, a chimney hole is made in the ceiling.
There is also a simplified method of construction, where the needle is constructed. The first row is not trimmed, it is 30-40 cm more than others. It is a blockade of the second row. The blocks are stacked in the spiral design, plus each row is slightly shifted inward.
It’s not possible to cut a snow block, then you can build needle above the pit. To do this, dig a hole with a diameter of 1-1.5 m and a depth of at least 1.5 m. It is described above. It is a fact that it is not necessary to make a statement. If you want to reach the angle of snow blocks