- Administrative liability
- criminal process
Some workers the police push it around repressive activities crimes commit with impunity. It often happens that they’re ordered to fight.
Detained by the police he can be beaten, he robbed, beaten, and he can even be killed. In order to commit theft usually detain drunk. The beating is more likely during the mass detentions carried out during the protests. Before the murder can be reached during a single night detention. Night is time to sin.
Detention – It is a lawsuit.
Fact detention you can’t entail legal consequences, such as exclusion from school law or dismissal from work.
Detention applies only in the following two cases:
- In relation to persons criminal suspect, for which the penalty of imprisonment is possible. For detention there are some reasons:
- the suspect is caught while committing a crime or immediately after the commission;
- suspect of crime;
- It was found that the crime was a trail;
- the suspect tried to escape;
- the suspect does not have a permanent residence;
- the identity of the suspect has not been established.
- in relation to the perpetrators administrative offenses:
- If this is not the case, it can be resolved.
If you are planning actions that may lead to the detention (for example, you can see the documents). It can be considered as a weapon. The contents of the pockets, bags, etc. it is not a shame to present.
When detention you workers the police explain the reason. Attempt to break free detention regarded as employee resistance the police. When resisted, a rubber bludgeon is used without warning. One with not good reason, even with clearly unlawful detention and other manifestations repressive activities. May need for resistance police officer It was convincingly expressed that it was committed to a strong point.
Possible resistance targets:
- try to escape (if there is confidence in success);
- try to attract the attention of faithful comrades (if you have any close).
In other cases, it is better to keep quiet. Resistance to the legal requirement of the employee the police is an administratively punishable offense. Malicious resistance (causing damage the policeman) is punishable by criminal procedure.
Therefore, if you want to get back. Should not deliberately provoke employees by their defiant behavior the police on illegal actions. It will be possible to make it possible.
In the event of a conflict with employees the police on the ground potentially repressive activities There are no rules for a question.
It could be noted that it was not a problem. It is not always a word. detention very incorrect actions are used against you.
For employees the police should be treated with understanding. It is not a problem. It is a sign that you’re not sure. repressive activities. Demonstration of stubbornness is necessary only in cases.
The more correct you will be free.
It can also be beneficial to display some kindness. If you get hit the police, If you’re in the case of a police inspector the police, in the prosecutor’s office.
However, even if you’ve seen significant injuries, detention, not before and after. It was a chance for you to be the first one to indulge in aggressiveness. Therefore the police no reason for beating.
Police If you are a person who has been in vagrancy, he has been given a copyright, he will be able to take photographs.
Police the person who committed administrative offense.
There are two types detention:
- detention about administrative offense; it can not be longer than three hours;
- criminal procedure detention – on suspicion of a criminal offense. It can not be more than three days.
Within 24 hours after detention offense must be informed in writing to the prosecutor. Within 48 hours after notice detention He is a warrant for a woman. Total is a maximum of 72 hours in prison.
About any detention For the order of time, it’s time for the detention. The detainee signs the protocol. It means that he has to read it.
There is a need for a hand-written addition. Before you announce the reasons detention To sign any protocols.
It happens that the detainees are accused of exactly what they themselves inadvertently confess when giving explanations. Therefore, you should speak as little as possible.
Subject to criminal procedure the detention is testify. As a rule, the employee the police It is a fact that it is a scourge. This is not a manifestation. repressive activities, and should not resist. It is not clear that there is no doubt that it will lead you to do so.
If you have any documents or documents, you can use it. detention. A copy of the list of items should be handed to the detainee. It is unlikely to be used as evidence in court.
Criminal offenses are:
- knowingly illegal detention, knowingly illegal arrest;
- compulsion to testifying This is a case in point.
- threat to the detainee killing, causing grievous bodily harm or destroying property – if there is a threat.
Administrative detention, inspectorate
If an employee the police illegal actions the police, as well as the police, to the district prosecutor’s office and, possibly, to the court. It’s possible that the prosecutor’s office has been The prosecutor’s office and the prosecutor’s office.
It is a rule. repressive activities State should also send a statement to the head of state. If you have the time and desire, then at.
Every kind of a complaint must be submitted to writing. You can send it by registered mail.
Laws are obliged to respond to complaints. The complainant’s office It is not issued on the complaint. It is necessary to distinguish the statement of the employee. the police at detention of the administrative offense issued by the employee the police.
To avoid detention, The following rules should not be followed:
- interpreted as offenses;
- leave the field committing offenses by others, in order not to be arrested;
- have decent look;
- at night avoid meeting with patrols (but could not be noticeable to them);
- at the stations and near protected objects.
This is a review of the administrative protocol. It is noted that the protocol. It has been found that this is a case in point.
Person brought to administrative responsibility
- get acquainted with the case materials;
- give explanations (they are obliged to file in the case);
- provide evidence, file motions;
- use of legal assistance when considering a case;
- It is a fact that a person has to take part in this case.
Citizens will be subject to administrative offense. The complaint can be sent to the police superior, to the prosecutor, to the court. Various appearances repressive activities – non-compliance with the procedural deadline. In some cases, the missed procedural deadline can be extended or restored.
It is not a matter of course. people are willing to punish their offenders in this way.
As an administrative penalty, the court may determine the imprisonment for a short period. To prepare to serve your arrest, do the following:
- it would be tempted to borrow them;
- it can be cold in the cell;
- stock, among other things, with slippers, medicines, paper, soap, an immersion heater;
- take some food and money (there is a stall in prison); It confirms this;
- pick up a book that reads anyone else besides you.
Enter the camera, say hello Do not ask too many questions. Diligently avoid conflicts. If you’re an annoying or aggressive neighbors, conflict not aggravated.
High-calorie, vitamin-rich, low-perishable and unattractive foods: bread, crackers, onions, garlic, dried fruits, sugar, cheap candy. Share food from received transmissions with your cameramates. Do not refuse to take off. It is a lawsuit.
The rules of law are different and there is a tendency for law.
Two forms of investigation are applied: simplified (inquiry) and full (preliminary investigation).
It is also the case for investigations. The Office of The State Security Service.
Bodies of inquiry – these are institutions the police, fire control, border guard service. There are no limits on the number of people living in the country. In case of a preliminary investigation, it is necessary to take action. If his preliminary investigation is not necessary, he will investigate the case in full.
- criminal procedure (it is conducted in the framework of the criminal case);
- operational search activity (It was a criminal case; It was a legal case; It was legal only if there were grounds for its conduct.)
When conducting a meeting, you may have to write them.
Stand out offenses two degrees of gravity:
- administrative; it is a time for a short time, and so on; an inquiry is applied to them;
- criminal; imprisonment for a long time, confiscation of property, capital punishment, etc .; preliminary examination is applied to them.
The criminal Criminal offense is considered.
Administrative offenses are criminal law. There is also a civil law, commercial law, and international law.
There are several forms of legal proceedings: for administrative offenses, for criminal offenses, etc. (there may be several types of courts, respectively). The most complex, comprehensive form is the criminal process. It can be seen in a jury trial.
By sentences only court orders in criminal cases are decisions made. Conducting an administrative process is determined by administrative procedure, etc. Administrative penalties can be determined by the bodies of inquiry or the court.
criminal process includes preliminary investigation and trial. (As investigators, prosecutors, and judges)
- case of witnesses;
- in the process;
- you are in the process;
- are in service.
Other forms of personal interest are recognized.
Any investigative action, except for the criminal case. A criminal case has been assigned to the investigator. Investigative actions should not be carried out. All other cases are a manifestation of repressive activities by the state.
The suspect has the following rights:
- complain to the investigator, investigator, prosecutor;
- to replace those of other people.
A suspect becomes an accused, an accused crime. More than two days after its execution. The accused must sign the ruling. Refusal to sign does not matter.
When charged with his counsel. The accused should not be informed about his rights. You can be imprisoned (for up to 6 months), which is a typical example repressive activities by the state.
Length of stay in the preliminary imprisonment deducted from the term announced in sentence.
It is necessary to take into account the sentence of the convict. He is not always guilty, and he is being held in custody. It is not always better than those of those who convicts, but they should be. If they’re turned out to be a person, it’s not a problem.
In different procedural systems,a lawyer) to participate in the case is established in different ways – since detention, after being charged or after the preliminary investigation. Any citizen can be a lawyer – not a lawyer, a member of the bar association.
Defender has the following rights:
- talk to the accused alone – without limiting the number of meetings;
- get familiar with it;
- present evidence;
- submit petitions;
- participate in legal proceedings;
- to challenge the investigator, prosecutor, judge, jurors, jurors (to demand their replacement).
They were not previously informed. The lawyer is not accused. If a lawyer violates the law of practice,
The participation of counsel in criminal process is mandatory in the following cases:
- from the moment of the charge:
- juvenile affairs;
- cannot fully protect themselves;
Turnout for interrogation is mandatory only if a formal subpoena has been issued. In the interrogation (in addition to interrogated and investigator):
- the prosecutor
- the head of the body of inquiry.
Coercion to testify by offense and manifestation repressive activities. Night interrogation is not tolerated. In some cases, the interviewee has been assigned to his counsel during the interrogation.
Guiding questions (prompting the answer) are not allowed. The investigator also has the right to demand quick answers. The testimony is recorded in the first person, that is, “I saw …, I did …”, etc. Interrogated interrogation by the investigator. It is a matter of fact.
Investigator, This is a person who has been interrogated by the interrogation, and has been given some details. Interpreted not in favor interrogated.
It has been the rule of law to make it to the protocol. be sure you are more concerned about their duties.
This is a sign of the interrogation involved. If you are interrogated, there is no need for suspecting.
The Code of Criminal Procedure. The investigator is interested in show perseverance.
The law of conduct of the investigation. These complaints must be reviewed within three days. The letter of the prosecutor’s office. If there are grounds, you can request a replacement of the investigator.
You can not surely remember the details. If there is a witness, it can
Significant danger is cross-examination. At this time, you can’t even be able to ask questions about this interrogated person. All other cases can be considered as repressive activity.
Interrogated as suspect or the accused he is not obliged to be in that state of health. The testimony during the interrogation of the interrogation and the accused, but not the obligation.
For those who use the testimony, they are not criminally liable.
It is a question to be asked if you are a witness. The protocol should reflect the status of the interrogated person.
The order was issued by the investigator, the applicant, or a court order. AT search warrant (court ruling) must be stamped.
In this case, it is not necessary to make a decision on the ordering body.
Otherwise, you can consider such actions as repressive activity.
In the following cases:
- if excited criminal case, requiring inspection of the premises;
- if supposed to nip committed crime;
- if carried prosecution of suspects;
- if necessary to ensure public order and personal security citizens in natural disasters and other emergencies.
A hotel room, a cabin, a compartment, a service room, a garage, etc. – regardless of whether they are owned or hired. Employees the police seal, seal, seal, seal, seal, seal, seal, seal, seal. Individuals found in personal premises.
Personal inspection it has been produced. During the search, it is a person who has been searching for a family member. Understandable can only be outsiders disinterested people.
It is obligatory to observe the search. Only full-time employees can assist the investigator in the search. the police, prosecutors, state security services. It is not possible to obtain evidence of the rules of law.
No night allowed search, except cases that do not wait.
The search protocol is a special form. It was signed by the investigator who witnessed it. Understandings of rectification. It has been a list of internationally available items. It has been possible to complete the items.
Search should be distinguished from notches. The lawyer is taken out of the order of the investigator, the lawyer is not allowed. Specific items are subject to excavation, of which the investigator is aware of.
The search should also be distinguished from the inspection. On examination, one should not rummage through things, disassemble the floor, etc. Inspection of the witnesses and, formally, manifestations repressive activities is not.
If there are discrepancies in laws, they are supposed to be interpreted in this case. The rule of law on the court of law. It is a rule of law. It’s a rule. What when conducting a focused repressive activities, as a rule, extremely gain.
Evidence in court are:
- event crime;
- guilt the accused;
- aggravating circumstances;
- character and size of damage from crime.
Dont have evidence value the following data:
- obtained by non-procedural means, for example, by eavesdropping;
- obtained from a non-procedural source, for example, from a person who is not subject to questioning;
- received with a significant violation of procedural rules, for example, by threats.
Although it is a rule of thumb, it’s not a rule.
It’s not a person who has been a victim of health careers. achieve (and even then not immediately) in procedural rules in full.
Alexander Buryak, edited by LastDay.Club
from the book “The Art of Survival”
The art of survival. Chapter 6: Repressive State Activities