A solar distiller can be used to extract water, desalinate saline, marine and purify contaminated water, as well as to collect rainwater. From its appearance on the Internet there are mainly hand-drawn, schematic images of a solar distiller. At least no photos were found. We will try to correct this gap.
Solar distiller for extraction and desalination of water, purification of contaminated water and for collecting rainwater, manufacturing procedure, overview.
If you have already decided to build a solar distiller, then your business is already completely bad, your water supplies are depleted, and you have nowhere to take a new one. Given that the solar distiller is effective only in places where it is hot during the day and cold at night and it gives 350-400 grams of water per day, according to some sources 500-550, you need to think, maybe it’s worth it to spend your energy to look for another source of water? For the device of the solar distiller, select a flat solar platform and prepare everything you need, which usually should be in our emergency kit.
Knife, as a digging stick, we mean that we don’t have a shovel.
120 liter plastic bag (size 110×70 cm).
Four pegs are pointed on one side and with a groove on the other. For marking and as stops.
Four small and one big cone, or something like that.
Scaffold about 1 meter, for stretch marks.
Capacity. In our case, the mug, although it is quite possible to use the bottom of the duralumin box from under the survival kit.
Handset, if the solar distiller is planned to be installed for a long time.
Top cover from the box to take out the ground.
knife Sable 22 cm. In sables and we will markup. We mark the pit: the length of 4 sables, the width of 3.5 sables and the depth of 2 sables. We make a contour and begin to remove the turf, and then dig in a square-nesting way.
Having installed a container for collecting water in the finished pit and extending the drinking pipe outward, we begin to make a polyethylene roof. We cut a plastic bag, then some sources recommend rubbing stone with polyethylene from the inside to give it a rough surface. In our opinion, it is worthwhile to do this with an eye on the quality of the material, so not break it for long. We make loops on the fishing line, put on the pegs and tie it to the corners of the polyethylene with the help of cones.
We install polyethylene over the pit, adjust the tension, put the bump in the middle to provide a sag. Sprinkle the edges of the solar distiller with turf and then with earth. To increase the greater productivity of the solar distiller, you can additionally put fresh grass or branches with leaves in the pit. That’s it, the solar distiller is ready, now just wait until the water collects in the tank.