The special mountain equipment that you use must be certified. From the consumer’s point of view, the signs indicate the presence of certification: EAC (compliance with the technical regulations of the Customs Union), CE (certified in the European Union), UIAA (safety label UIAA).
Special mountain equipment, gazebo or harness, hard hat, rock mountain equipment, certification and requirements.
If you got special mountain equipment, from a rental or from friends, you must read the manufacturer’s instructions for this equipment and determine if it is worn out more than the standard. If you do not know the history of the equipment that came to you, then refrain from using it. It could have been stored incorrectly or subjected to dangerous loads..
Arbor or harness.
A gazebo or harness, or a safety system consisting of a chest harness and an arbor, is a structure consisting of a belt and leg girths. They are connected by a power ring and are designed to provide safety in the event of a fall. Also, the gazebo is necessary in order to make such a fall as “comfortable” as possible due to the load distribution on the belt and legs.
When choosing a gazebo in the store, be sure to ask the sellers to give you the opportunity to hang in it to feel how comfortable you are. When choosing a size, remember that you will have to put on the gazebo not only on light summer clothes, but also on the puff. Structurally, most strands are similar to each other. The number of adjusting buckles and the type of these buckles that this mountain gear is equipped with are important.
Pergolas are often divided by the number of buckles:
1 buckle (on a belt, leg girths are not regulated) the easiest bindings. Such mountain equipment is most often developed for sports climbing..
3 buckles (one on the belt, two on the leg girths) universal harnesses.
4 buckles (two on the belt, two on the leg girths) are convenient for cold conditions. Allows you to adjust the harness, even putting it on a thick layer of clothing.
By type of buckles, the most common are the so-called quick-tightening (automatic) buckles. A pair of small frames that hold the sling. Some manufacturers put on the “classic” buckles. Where it is necessary to tighten the sling and then lead (end up) the free end in reverse to the buckle. Such buckles do not allow the sling to “creep” in the process of wearing. But harnessing with such buckles is longer and harder to adjust. Both types of buckles are completely safe..
The helmet protects the head from hitting stones, from hitting its head when falling or when accidentally hitting a rock. The use of helmets, as well as helmets for skiing and snowboarding, helmets and helmets for use at a construction site is not allowed. All these helmets are tested for other loads and are designed to take into account the specifics of other types of falls and bumps..
You need a special climbing helmet certified according to the relevant standard (EN 12492). When choosing a helmet, look in the mirror to determine how much it matches the shape of your head. How tightly sits, does it cover well the back of the head, whiskey.
Currently, the most common are two types of helmets. Polyfoam coated with polycarbonate or plastic. Both types of helmets pass the same tests. Such mountain equipment is certified for compliance with one standard. They are equally safe..
Plastic helmets for mountaineering are cheaper, but heavier, less susceptible to accidental breakage during careless handling. Foam helmets for climbing are much easier, more comfortable, but require careful handling. It is better to carry them in hand luggage, do not drop, do not apply any atypical load to them.
Rock special mountain equipment, rock and anchor hooks, embedded elements.
The rock relief is diverse both in form and in the rocks with which it is formed. Properly selected rocky mountain equipment a guarantee of your safety on the route.
Distinguish between vertical and horizontal hooks. Depending on what crack the hook is for. There are universal hooks. The hooks are very diverse in shape and length; they are made from different grades of steel and titanium. A well clogged (with a characteristic increasing tone of sound) and a correctly selected hook is able to withstand a jerk up to 8-10 KN.
Such mountain equipment is intended primarily for narrow vertical cracks. Differs in high reliability, Such hooks are made of high-strength steel. They have a characteristic shape and differ primarily in size. When carrying, it is necessary to snap the anchor hooks behind the hole in the upper part of the hook, with their beak back. Hooks are hammered with a special climbing hammer, which must be insured with a thin cord.
This mountain equipment is intended for use in wide enough narrowing cracks. As a rule, embedded elements are a set of aluminum bars of complex shape and different sizes. Require skill in work.
Mechanical embedded elements (friends).
They are a cam design that allows you to fold the cams and set the friend into a crack. You can select single-axis (all cams on one axis) and two-axis (cams on two parallel axes). Biaxial is preferable, since each such friend is more stable and more universal. It is designed for a wider range of crack widths..
Snow-ice special mountain equipment, ice ax, ice tool, cats, ice drill.
Pivot points when moving on snow and ice.
For the organization of insurance and self-insurance in the snow.
For self-retention when disruption on snow and ice.
Choosing an ice ax, you need to choose the right length. Take the ice ax in your hand, lower your hands down. The ice ax bayonet should be located in the area of the ankle bone on the leg.
This is an ice ax with a curved shaft and an aggressive beak for vertical climbing.
Cats are needed for movement on ice and firn slopes. By the method of attachment, they are divided into cats with soft mounts, semi-rigid and rigid mounts. The soft mount is convenient because these cats can be worn on boots without a welt. This mount is not always reliable enough, although it is suitable for technically simple routes.
The front teeth of cats have a different shape:
Horizontal plates (universal).
Vertical. They look like beaks of ice axes. Such cats are designed to overcome the ice walls and frozen waterfalls..
By the number of teeth, 10, 12, 14-tooth cats are distinguished. The most versatile are 12-tooth. You should opt for a semi-rigid or rigid mount. It is important to remember that these types of fasteners require special welts on the boots..
This is a screw device that allows you to organize an insurance point on ice. Ice drills are usually made of steel. In most cases, it is a reliable insurance point that can withstand jerk up to 12 kN.
The most popular ice drill size should be considered as a length of about 16-18 cm. Also, other mountain gear snow hook and snow anchor can also be used for insurance on snowy mountain slopes..
Based on the book School of mountaineering, a training manual.