History of the GRU special forces
After 1945, they didn’t remain in the army in the army. But very quickly realized that special forces groups – Impending nuclear threat from NATO. It was during the war in 1950. Therefore, it was decided. special forces. As of the beginning of May 1951, 46 companies were created, each of which had 120 people. The General Staff of the army.
Those who think the idea of creation special forces units – a matter of the recent past is mistaken. Formations with similar objectives.
- Peter Panin, Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kutuzov They appeared in 1764 and were called Jäger.
- He was on the Bug, and then on the Kuban, where the “rangers” tactics were used. Fox tail, wolf’s mouth, was a combination of intelligence and power engineering.
- In 1797, the Emperor Paul I was introduced to the Charter of the Prussian army.
- 1811 was marked by the creation OKVS – Separate corps of the internal guard, it was engaged in the preservation or restoration of order within the state.
- Iberia Gendarme units of rapid response in 1817.
- In the war of 1812, the Russian army gained tremendous experience, which was widely used later.
- In 1826, the influence of the Imperial Chancellery increased.
- 1842 battalions are created from Cossack battalions moons, have been trained special forces.
- In 1903, the General Staff was created. A year later – in all military districts.
- In 1905, the peace of minds were created, Riot police.
- In 1917, the Bolsheviks created the People’s Commissariat for Military Affairs – General Directorate General Staff – GUGSh.
- In 1918, created military intelligence. In the same year created CHONS – special purpose parts with the subordination of the Cheka, to fight against all kinds of rebels and Asian Basmachi.
- In the 30s in the Red Army created airborne troops and divisions for sabotage work.
It was a decree on the formation of the rebel (guerilla) detachments enemy, fighting terrorism, searching and neutralization of saboteurs. Other tasks include interfacing and disrupting the transportation of power supplies. Most of the tasks sound at least fantastic, however special forces GRU It can be carried out using technical means and weapons, including portable nuclear mines.
It was a training program. For every 3-4 soldiers, one officer was put in charge, who watched his pupils day and night. It was a program that, after several years of preparation, they were trained.
Needless to say that withPetsnaz was classified more than the nuclear development of the USSR. Nuclear warheads, nuclear warheads and nuclear submarines special forces GRU – not every Marshal and General.
This was the time when the task was canceled. (If not coded even deeper).
First allowance for special forces – “Instructions for the Special Purpose” were written by Pavel Golitsin — Chekist ex-chief of intelligence of the Belarusian partisan brigade.
But not everything was so good. Already in 1953, the Armed Forces began to reduce and 35 mouths were reduced. Only eleven left special mouth special purpose (orspn). For four whole years it was necessary army special forces, in 1957 5 separate battalions were created special purpose, brigades were in 1962, along with 10 brigades special forces. They were designed for peacetime and wartime. According to the peacetime states, there were no more than 200-300 fighters in the brigade, in the military in Obrspnb consisted of no less than 1,700 soldiers and officers. By early 1963 special forces of the USSR Included: 10 framed brigades, 5 separate battalions, 12 separate companies in the Leningrad, Baltic, Belarusian, Prikarpatsky, Kiev, Odessa, Trans-Caucasian, Moscow, Turkestan, Far Eastern military districts.
The same year Gru It was in 1964 after the new reorganization Special forces lost 3 battalions and 6 mouths, and in army special forces 6 mouths left, 2 battalions and 10 brigades. Separate, that in addition to standard training special forces, coached for special tasks. He was the one of the 99th company that was stationed in the Arkhangelsk 227th Special Forces, located in the North Caucasus Military District. Special forces strike groups?
In 1968, on the basis of the Ryazan Airborne School began to prepare professional intelligence special forces. It was then that the legendary 9th company appeared. It was disbanded. Also special forces officers They were trained in military training and reconnaissance. In 1970, a training company was formed, then a battalion, and then a regiment stationed in the Pskov Region.
It was clear that the soldiers were in the Uzbek Chirchik.
After which he no longer had to prove his worth. This was not the case when the Pact introduced the troops into Czechoslovakia. Land due to engine failure. The airborne division was deployed. At this time, previously arrived units in Prague, “that is, all key positions. After capturing the government building, special forces took the country leadership to Moscow.
Total army special forces United States of America, Latin America and Africa. They had to deal with the American commando. Only many years later, the Americans learned in 1970 in Vietnamese Shaun Tei, in 1978 in Angola. Often their special services didn’t even know about their operations. Here is a vivid illustration.
In 1968, 9 of our fighters made a classic raid on a top-secret helicopter camp in Cambodia, located 30 kilometers from the Vietnamese border. The US military threw his Vietnam reconnaissance and sabotage groups, from here they flew in search of their downed pilots. The camp was guarded by 2 light helicopters, 8-10 heavy transport and 4 Super Cobra helicopters. There are no limits on how to use your paratroopers. Only 25 minutes ponabilos our special forces, one of the helicopters under the noses of the American commandos.
About combat operations soviet special forces on the territory of Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, Cuba and Vietnam there is still very little free information.
Much more data on the ten-year Afghan war. It was initiated by the Hafizuly Amin. For example, it’s a clear adventure, however, it’s a success. Except existing at that time special forces of the KGB “Thunder” and “Zenith”, the future “Alpha” and “Vympel”, took part in the operation special forces GRU. Approximately six months before the Muslim battalion, the so-called Musbat, or the 154th separate special forces detachment, which included fighters gru from among the Soviet Muslims. He was staffed by Tajiks, Uzbeks and Turkmen who had rifle units. Most of them owned by Farsi. Shortly before the assault, this detachment was secretly inculcated into the palace guards. The assault itself lasted only 40 minutes. In the palace killed 7 special forces. This unit, not counting the short respite special forces tactics, arranged raids and ambushes, made intelligence in Afghanistan.
In late 1983, the Jalalabad – Ghazni – Kandahar along the entire length of the Jalalabad – a border zone. With his help, it was the time that the rebels delivered ammunition and weapons from Pakistan. It was transferred here Special Detachment 177, and behind him 154th Special Forces. Total military personnel special purpose GRU GSH in Afghanistan was about 1,400 people. Since this also didn’t seem, special military units.
Among the memorable operations can be called many. For example, in 17 1984, the company 177 was reinforced by the tanker, where, according to information, the weapons and ammunition of dushmans were to arrive. However, our detachment was surrounded. And the detachment left the danger zone.
In 1989, the structure of the 15 and 22 brigades Spn radically changed. Armored military equipment, grenade launchers, communications anti-sabotage wrestling and military intelligence. The 10-year standoff of the special forces adversary was recognized as the “atypical case of use”.
However, in 1990, the equipment was returned to them. The BTA aircraft made it fly more than 20 units of armored combat vehicles, and communications equipment from Tashkent. The presence of soldiers and officers who were not verbally aware of the fight against saboteurs, allowed the brigade while in office KGB of the USSR, perform all the tasks. And on returning home, it was simply withdrawn.
In the first Chechen 1994-1996. Russian special forces He was in the field of separation from consolidated and consolidated detachments. At first it was used only in intelligence. Preparation of the land units special forces soldiers it has taken part in the assault groups. 1995 – This is the most tragic in all of history. special forces of Russia and the USSR.
But despite everything, After the signing of the agreement, it was not yet been settled. It was a racial defense of the peace and security forces. I had to fight with “old friends” in an Afghan company from among Arab, Pakistani and Turkish mercenaries and instructors. It’s not a problem. Spetsnaz GRU 10 times more efficiently than the rest.
Separate and consolidated detachments of the Siberian, Moscow, Ural, Trans-Baikal, Far Eastern, and North Caucasian military districts.
In the spring of 1995, there were no detachments in Chechnya, the last separate special forces detachment, Assigned to the North Caucasus.
The years following the collapse of the Soviet Union were in particular. In a series of reforms and reorganizations army special forces there was no damage even during the wars in Afghanistan and Chechnya. After the war in Afghanistan, some of the brigades returned to their former places of deployment, some were disbanded. Periodically, units of the brigades were thrown into places of armed clashes with various illegal formations. Thus, the Nagorno-Karabakh detachment was a part of Nagorno-Karabakh. Detachments Gru Moscow IN supported the constitutional order in Tajikistan. Fighters 12th special forces brigade The Transcaucasian Military District in Tbilisi and Azerbaijan, then, since 1991, in Nagorno-Karabakh and North Ossetia. The 4th Brigade (Estonia) was disbanded in 1992, before it was withdrawn special forces brigade from the Soviet group of German troops. Was also disbanded Pechersk training regiment of special forces.
After the collapse of the Union 8th, 9th and 10th special brigade It has been reorganized, it has been reorganized. Belarus got 5th Special Forces Brigade, Uzbekistan – 15th Special Operations Brigade, 459th Special Operations Company, one training regiment.
It’s impossible to figure it out. CIA Schnick. Partly because of the secretion of the information of the Russian Federation – in other words, reductions. But if you analyze the information available, you can calculate it. 9 special forces brigades and two battalions “West” and “East”. It is a number of military formations. Although it’s not a fact that these units are part of the system – they can be in the department 45th Separate Regiment of the Airborne Forces, individual intelligence units, the Navy, GUIN, MES, MVD or FSB structures.
Spetsnaz GRU Russia. Primary selection. How to get to the GRU?
Special forces is a dream of many boys. Smart, fearless warriors, seemingly capable of anything. Let’s enter it, it is difficult, but possible, to enter a special detachment. It is a condition of the military service. Then begins a series of selections. Mostly in special forces GRU RF take officers and ensigns. The officer must have a higher education. Recommendations from reputable staff are also needed. It is not less than 175 cm. But there are always exceptions.
It is strictly monitored, rest is minimized. Basic requirements for the physical preparation of the applicant.
Physical standards that must be passed successfully:
- Running 3 km in 10 minutes.
- Stometrovka for 12 seconds.
- Pulling on the bar – 25 times.
- Exercises on the press – 90 times in 2 minutes.
- Push up – 90 times.
- A set of exercises: push ups, jumping up a crouching position, moving up and down. Each individual exercise is done 15 times in 10 seconds. The complex is performed 7 times.
- Hand-to-hand fight.
In addition to the psychologist, a psychologist, a medical examiner, and a study on the “lie detector”. You must be sure to check the service. So how to get into GRU (special forces)? The answer is simple. Sport must firmly enter the life of the future fighter.
It is the best way to sell it. As the coaches say, this is the most important moment. Fighters, it always helps. Hand-to-hand combat. Periodically, he is put in battle, in order to fight even against a deliberately superior opponent in preparation. Soldiers are also taught to fight tightly folded newspaper. Only after the warrior has mastered such materials, does he train with percussion technology. Every six months, fighters are checked for readiness for further service. Soldier left for a week without food. Warriors are always in motion. Thus, many fighters are eliminated.
The warrior trains every day, without weekends and holidays. Every day, you need to run 10 km in less than an hour, (about 50 kg). A round workout of 40 minutes is performed upon arrival. This includes the sitting position. Basically, each exercise is repeated 20-30 times. At the end of each cycle, the fighter pumps the press of a maximum of times. Every day they have training in hand-to-hand combat. The punches are trained, dexterity and endurance are brought up. Training GRU special forces – serious, hard work.
Spetsnaz GRU: who frightened the soldiers of the NATO bloc