Deer, roe deer, wild boars, mountain goats and rams and many other large and strong animals are caught with nets. They also catch hares, as well as all kinds of game birds, geese, ducks, grouse, partridges and quails. Hunting nets are passive and active when catching animals is carried out with the participation of catchers. They differ in device and methods of application..
Catching nets, tenet, rut, preponderance and cascan, purpose, device, operating principle, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
Tenet and rutters are panels of mesh up to 2-3 meters wide, woven from threads or cords with cells from 2 to 20 cm. They are hung on clothespots and bushes with a continuous strip of several hundred meters, and catchers drive animals intended for catching them.
The tenet for catching deer is mounted from a grid with 20×20 cm mesh braided from a nylon cord 4 mm thick. If a network with small cells (10×10 cm) is connected from a 3 mm cord, then to reinforce and increase the catchability of such a network, they sometimes cut it into it – a network with cells up to 0.5 meters connected from 6-7 mm twine. The canvas is knitted with a width of 2.5 meters, and the main network – with a width of 3–3.5 meters and a length of 20–30 meters.
To plant the net on the upper and lower bowstring, kapron twine 8-10 mm thick is used. Nets are set so that the regi cells have the correct square shape. To do this, three cells are planted at a distance of two stretched cells (2/3), and the main network is denser. At the same distance – four cells (2/4) (schemes a, b).
For catching roe deer, gazelles, mountain goats and sheep, nets are knitted with 15 cm cells from a nylon cord 3-4 mm thick, and I cut with cells up to 0.5 meters from a 5-6 mm cord. Cloths of these networks can be made up to 2.5 meters wide. The nets, as well as deer, are planted on strong twine 8-10 mm thick in separate links of 20-30 mm. At each link, leave the free ends of the bowstring (0.5 m) for linking the nets during transportation and attaching the nets to trees and bushes at the place of their installation.
Hunting nets for catching wild boars and hares.
Deer nets can catch wild boars and adult pigs. Yearlings and gilts slip through such a network, therefore, in this case, networks intended for catching roe deer, that is, with 15×15 cm cells connected from a 4 mm nylon cord, can be used. The Isaians are caught in tenets. In autumn, young animals can be caught in a net with a mesh of 6×6 cm, and in late winter with a mesh of 7×7 cm, connected from 1-1.3 mm of a nylon thread. Cloth nets knit double non-blooming fishing knot 1.2-1.3 meters wide.
The fishing net is mounted from 10 separate links (pieces of cloths of 30-40 meters), planted on top and bottom on a strong linen twine. Better kapron cord 3-4 mm thick. The net is planted in a fishing way, as for fixed nets, “half”, that is, four cells are planted on the length of two stretched cells (2/4). With such a landing, in a freely suspended network, the cells have a rhomboid shape, significantly increasing their catchability.
A hare caught in such a tenet pokes its head into the cage and, entangled with its hind legs in the net, is not able to free itself. If you have to use a ready-made network of thin threads, the mesh size of which is less than 6 cm, then to increase its catchability, you also have to knit an additional cut. A large-mesh network with cell sides up to 25×25 cm, connected from a 2.5-3 mm nylon cord, which is hemmed from both sides to the bowstring along with the main network.
Hunting nets like a beet for catching beavers.
Hunting nets such as a snare with a cut are successfully used for catching beavers. To do this, use a 3-meter-wide solid network with 3-5 cm cells, connected from a nylon thread 1.5–2 mm thick. To it, on the one hand, I cut the hem with 30×30 cm cells connected from a 3 mm nylon cord. The net is put on bowstrings “half” above and below, and I cut it in 2/3.
The upper bowstring is equipped with floats (best of all cylinders) twisted from birch bark. The lower bowstring is loaded with nuts or lead sinkers (3-4 pieces per 1 meter). Such a network is presented to the input before leaving the hole, with the expectation that a frightened beaver will dive along with the mesh through the rezhi cell and get entangled in the formed pocket.
Hunting nets such as snares for catching partridges and pheasants.
To catch partridges and pheasants with a corral, they use a 3-4 meter wide net of thin kapron strings (no more than 1 mm thick) with cells up to 5×5 cm. These nets are planted on a thin bowstring (2/3) in separate links of 20-30 meters each. They are hung at a height of 1 meter above the ground on five-meter poles for several hundred meters. The lower side of each 20-30-meter segment is tucked up 30-40 cm up and to the side of the corral so that a pocket is formed over the entire length of the wing to hold the bird that has flown into the net, but not tangled in it, but fallen down (diagram d).
Hunting nets such as overweight and Kaskan for catching waterfowl.
In places of mass congestion of waterfowl (ducks and geese), you can catch it with an advantage and a Kaskan. Overweight is a network up to 10 meters high and wide. It is suspended on poles across a clearing in reeds or bushes on a bridge between lakes. In an upright position, the net is held by reins – ropes with the help of blocks attached to the top of the poles. As soon as the ducks fly into the net, the reins are released, and the birds, together with the net, fall onto the pallet. Another network of the same size, stretched horizontally above the ground at a height of 1 meter.
Kaskan is also a network on a long pole with a block, which is guarded across the clearings in the bushes or reeds on the lintel between the lakes and with the help of reins is raised up in front of a flock of ducks. In bird farms of the Far North, colonial birds are caught with a net on a long stick.
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.