Everyone, at least once, saw our favorite actor, all busy starting a fire with sticks, and we asked ourselves how he / she could do it. Starting a fire can be something to do for fun while we are camping with friends or family.
Even more, this may be one of those skills that you can demonstrate to impress the people around you.
We will present your situation
Today we are used to living comfortably with a lot of devices and equipment that can do things that we used to do with our own hands. Due to the process of civilization, the human race began to forget skills and abilities that were previously natural; Things like fishing, hunting or lighting a fire with sticks became, in the modern era, something strange.
The ability to start a fire using basic and natural equipment can be useful in various situations. For example, you may be the last living after an apocalypse or end up isolated on a deserted island but, above all, it can be very useful if you are planning an old-style campaign # 8220 ;. If you decide to try the thrill of an exciting night (or even more than one) in contact with wildlife, the ability to make fire with sticks must surely be part of your knowledge.
How to do it
As we said, you decided to join this adventure camp and did not bring any modern equipment, but now the sky is darkening more and more and you can clearly see the night ahead. Well, now is the right time to start worrying about making your fire!
There are different ways and techniques that can help you start a fire without any modern device. However, the most effective and famous is, surely, the one that came to us thanks to the Samoan populations. All the equipment you need can easily be found around you: a fairly sharp rock to shape your wood and some dry, soft wood.
The whole process can be completed in a few steps:
- From the selected piece of wood, you must cut a stick long enough so that you can put both hands around it. Ideally, the perfect stick to start the fire should be about 4 inches thick so that it is not too easy to break.
- You must use the other part of the wood as a base on which you will rub the stick, keeping it inclined at 45 °. You should place some sticks of dry wood that can easily catch fire or the tinder around the area of contact between the pole and the base.
- Now comes the important part: you will have to rub the stick against the base by moving it forward and backward. The base should be stable while working, not only with the arms but also with the movement of the shoulders and upper body.
- Pay attention, when you see enough dust around your “rubbing area”, you should start using a little more pressure and faster movements. When your battery begins to smoke on its own, it means that the fire is on fire and that your work will soon be completed.
Now that the procedure to start a fire with sticks is clear, there are some aspects that must be understood. A fire can not be started simply anywhere, it needs some special attention.
When, where and essential tips.
The perfect time
The first thing you should consider before starting your fire is time. Starting a fire with sticks takes some time, so it is strongly recommended to consider this aspect. Ideally, you will search and find all the wood and materials needed during the day. To be successful in this task, you will need dry wood so that, if you have any camping equipment, you can store the collected sticks inside your tent. Anyway, if you do not have space to store the wood inside, a good alternative may be to find a large rock where you can place the wood covered by a cloth.
You will begin to build and light your fire during the beginning of the sunset to be fully ready and operational when night falls. Make sure you have enough wood to make your fire last all night (or as long as you need it to last).
The right place
Starting a fire with sticks can not be done anywhere. To create the perfect place, you need to clean a ring that eliminates any type of leaves or vegetation. Next, you must dig the so-called fire pit, which must be several inches deep.
Important tip: Keep dirt aside so you can use it if you need to stop the fire quickly due to an emergency.
Extremely important for your safety is finding some dry rocks to place around your pit to isolate the fire and avoid unwanted flames.
Essential tips to avoid surprises.
- If you are an expert in camps and survival tips, you may already know everything you need to make a fire with sticks, but in case you are a beginner, there is a basic information that you should take into account.
- An extremely large fire is harder to follow and control, and also produces less heat than many small ones.
- Not all stones are good for your fire. While large, dry stones are perfect for insulating your pit, soft stones if overheated can explode and cause damage to things and people around the fire.
- Different types of wood produce different effects. For example:
- wet wood makes a lot of smoke (extremely useful to keep animals and insects away)
- the green wood burns very slowly
- Dry wood burns and burns quickly
- Soft wood produces much more light than hard wood.
Security tips and tricks
As mentioned earlier, safety is an important element when it comes to camping and, in particular, starting a fire. Every year, innumerable damages are caused by fires that were not handled or carried away in the right way. To understand all the risks related to this type of activity, just take a quick look at the statistics: almost 1,300,000 fires become uncontrollable each year, almost 3,000 deaths a year are due to wildfires and another 17,500 people are injured .
When you decide to start a fire, you must be ready to control it to avoid damaging yourself, the people around you and, ultimately, the environment.
Remember that keeping a fire pit under control is not as easy as you see in movies and requires a lot of effort and constant attention.
Below are some tips suggested directly by the fire brigade associations:
- Make sure the closest structure is at a distance of 10 feet (25 would be even better)
- Beware of low branches of trees
- Keep all flammable materials at a decent distance (suggested distance is approximately 5 feet)
- Remember to consider the direction of the wind before setting and lighting your fire
- Do not use any flammable liquid (such as gasoline, light liquids, etc.)
- Always keep a little water nearby for emergencies
Even following all of these guidelines, accidents can occur and that is why you should never leave the pit unattended or leave children or pets unattended around the fire.
When your camping experience is about to end, you will have to take care of putting out the fire. Many common beliefs about how to put out a fire are wrong and can even be dangerous in certain circumstances.
How to extinguish a fire safely.
The first thing you should do is let the wood burn. Once it has burned completely (and turned to ash) you can begin to pour water directly on the ashes. To accelerate the combustion process of wood, you can use a shovel to push it. It is possible that some noises of bursting or curling of the ash arise while you pour water on it, but these are completely normal.
Be sure to soak all the ashes to the point where all the noises will end; It can be useful to remove the ashes to mix them completely with water and wet materials.
After completing all these steps, be sure to wait a few minutes to see if the fire is completely off and eventually add some dirt to the ashes.
Note: It may be useful to “walk” in the covered hole to make sure that all the ashes are well covered and that the heat can not rise to the surface.
Other methods to make fire with sticks.
Now that you know how to make fire with sticks and how to control your pit, it may be interesting to consider other methods. The one that came to us from the Samoans is not the only possible way to start a fire with sticks.
Through the centuries and different lands, cultures and experiences, humanity developed several ways to start a fire with primitive equipment. Some of the most popular are described below:
- Two men friction (Also known as rope drill). One man presses the wooden stick, keeping it pressed against the base, while the other, using a rope, applies a drill faster and generally more effective than the manual. The main weakness of this method is the need for a rope that is strong enough and long enough and needs 2 people.
- Friction drill: pushing a stick against a base, you will need two hands to produce friction while you drill it. Unlike what happens during the Samoan process, you will not need to move the lever. Instead, you will have to keep it stable while you drill it to produce the proper amount of friction.
- Arc drill – a method that is born from the fusion of the two person drilling method and the manual drilling method (both described above). As with the manual drilling method, you should keep the lever fixed against the base, but you can perform this method on your own. There are some elements in common with the friction of the two men, such as rope and additional materials. Obviously, you will have to build the bow (or bring it from home) and in addition to this, you will have to find a plug to use to press the stick.
These methods based on friction / drilling are the most common ways to start a fire with sticks, but obviously there are many other possible ways to do it without a lighter. You can try it with a lens, with a battery, with hot metals and many other tricks.
Camping can be an exciting experience to share with your family or friends, or even to experiment on your own. Knowing how to start a good fire with your own hands is that small advantage that can make such a moment unforgettable.
Even if all this can be exciting and, sometimes, even distract, it is important to do things after learning the theoretical knowledge. Therefore, you can avoid useless risks for yourself and your loved ones. Starting a fire without knowing what we are doing can harm us and others forever. Remember, the value of property destroyed by fire on an annual basis is approximately 1,300 billion US dollars!
When you decide to get back in touch with your wild side, do not forget to take safety into account. It does not take long to pay attention and avoid unnecessary risks: make sure you choose a suitable place to camp and take with you all the emergency contacts necessary to help yourself or the less cautious people around you. Remember that even when it comes to camping activities, it is essential to help everyone in need. Also, if you see people behaving irresponsibly around a fire pit, be sure to intervene and warn them about the risks.
CAMPING AND Hiking