In hunting practice, the most widespread wooden stationary opad crushing squamous dies. They catch squirrels, martens, columns, sables and other small fur-bearing animals..
Stationary offensive oppressive samolov dies, coulems, ridges, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
In contrast to a portable die made of two boards, stationary dies make heavier logs split in two. Up to 1 meter long and up to 30 cm thick. For greater reliability, samolov dies are built on the scaffold, and oppressors are added to the upper covering block – two logs placed crosswise from above (diagram a). These dice are guarded by a guard from two planks and a wooden rod guard with a square neckline at the end, the same in design as the portable die.
Stationary offensive oppressive samolov coulems for column and sable, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and tuning.
Kulema on fur animals are also widespread and are very diverse in size. The simplest is a mummy on a column and a sable. Make it from two logs. At the base of a large tree (preferably thick spruce so that less snow is poured under it), a yard measuring 30×30 cm is made from pegs and pieces of bark. It is covered with needles on top. Inside lure bait.
The open side of the courtyard is partitioned across by logs. Of which the finer is laid on the ground. It serves as a nut, and the second, thicker and heavier log, is placed over the first and used as oppression. The logs at the ends are reinforced with pegs driven in on both sides (diagram d). When guarding the ballets, the yoke is lifted 20 cm above the nut and the end is picked up by a gatehouse – a wooden stick with a finger thickness and a length of 12 cm, which is tied at the end to the cross-linking of the fastening rings.
So that the gatehouse does not turn out from under the log, its lower end is caught by a guard – a wooden stick with a flyer on one end and a notch on the other (diagram d). The animal, crawling between the logs, moves down the guard (I), it releases the gatehouse (II), and with it the log (III), which kills him.
Stationary offensive oppressive samolov coulems for catching wolves and stray dogs, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
A more complex and bulky coulema is designed to capture wolves and stray dogs. They set up a log house for her, and in the ravine or on the ledge of the terrace of the floodplain, they find the steep bank of the old woman and dig a cave in it. The bait is placed in the cave, and before the entrance to it, a log is placed across the log – the sill, the oppression is guarded over it, which is strengthened by stacking 2-3 logs on it (scheme b).
To remove the load from the gatehouse with a guard, it bends in a wary position and is placed on a hoe – a stick that acts as a lever of the first kind. The free end of this stick is connected with a cord to the gatehouse, the same as that of the previous mum. The upper end of the gatehouse rests on the notch made in the log, and the lower end is pressed against the log with a guard (a stick with the entire width of the log). One end rests on the gatehouse, and the other – on the opposite wall of the coulema log house (diagram c).
Having visited such a kulema, the animal, getting to the bait, pushes the guard (I), releases the end of the gatehouse (II), which is turned out from under the notch in the log, and releases the end of the hoe (III), and when it rises, it dumps the oppression that crushes the beast.
Stationary offensive oppressive samolovy ridges for fox hunting, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
Ridge works like a simple coulema. It consists of two logs. The lower log acts as a nut, and the branch on it replaces the guide stakes. The upper log (oppression) has a slotted hole, due to which it freely moves along the bitch of the lower log. In a raised alert position, the gatehouse holds the oppression – a pointed stick resting against one end with one end and the rounded head of the guard with the other.
At the slightest movement of the free end of the guard, its rounded head, along with the gatehouse, slides from the lower log, and the samolov fires. Such an alarming device is difficult to adjust and less reliable in operation (scheme e).
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.