A large group of opaque airplanes are crushing jaw traps, which are mainly used to catch arctic foxes. The simplest device is the tundra mouth. They put it on an open, well-blown up elevated place, using a natural or artificial half-meter hill. It is fenced from the sides with a picket fence so that the arctic fox can climb inside this fence only through its open side.
Stationary pressure traps of the mouth, purpose, types, device, manufacture, installation and adjustment.
Three 3-meter logs 15 cm thick are placed above the fenced area. Their end ends are squeezed from the sides and punch holes. With these holes, all three logs are strung on a rhombus – a pole up to 3 meters long in a thick arm. Thus they are connected into a single unit – oppressed. On the side at the entrance to the fence, a support stake with a flyer is hammered, on which a moyr is placed – a stick up to 1 meter in length, which holds the end of the roma in an elevated position.
From the free end of the hole pull the cord with a loop at the end to the guard stake pin. To guard the tundra mouth, a bait is prepared. A piece of meat is wrapped with string or wire with a loop at the free end. This loop is put on the pin of the guard peg (on its natural knot or wedge driven into it). Then the oppression traps of the mouth are lifted and the end of the roma is placed on the short shoulder of the moir balancing on the supporting stake.
The lace tied to the hoe is pulled and the loop made at its end is also picked up on the pin of the guard peg (diagram a, b). Trying to pull off the bait, the Arctic fox pulls the loop of the cord from the hole from the pin, the freed end of which rises up and relieves the oppression, which crushes the beast.
Stationary pressure traps of the mouth with a trough-like oppression, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and adjustment.
The tundra mouth with the sides covered with pegs is well blown by the wind, which protects it from snow drift, but the grid of pegs opens access to the fox that has fallen into the mouth. Predators take advantage of this and often spoil the fur. To prevent the appearance of such defects on the skins, mouth traps with a trough-like oppression made of half a 3-meter log 30 cm thick were proposed.
Such a mouth is also built on a half-meter mound, enclosing it with pegs. On the floor lay a thin board, a piece of plywood or cardboard. Before entering the mouth, two support poles with flyers are hammered on both sides, on which a transverse support pole for the moir is laid. For the alarming device, a thin stick-guard is used, tied for the middle to the free end of the hoe, a stop flyer driven into the ground, and a guard is a long stick, tied to its end..
When guarding the mouth, the end end of the yoke with the trough is lifted up, girded with a cord and clings to the short shoulder of the moir. The longer shoulder is given a horizontal position. The lace with the gatehouse tied to its end is pulled down and at one end of the gatehouse they pick up the fork of the flyer, so that it does not twist. Its other end is intercepted by a guard placed across the flyer (scheme c, d).
In this mouth, a removable floor, made of plywood or a plank, allows in cases of freezing of a caught beast to take it out with the floor and carry it to the thawing room. This prevents freezing hair and the formation of bald patches on the skin..
Stationary box traps of the mouth, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
Vlesotundra and the forest hunters fenced box traps from the logs and larch bark. For them, they prepare 9 chopping blocks with a width of 15 cm and a length of up to 1.2 meters. Of the three blocks, the floor is laid and three are used on the side walls. They are mounted vertically with four pairs of stakes driven into the ground. In order to serve the mouth for 20-30 years and not rot, put two meter thick larch chocks under the floor.
For oppression, two 3-meter logs 20 cm thick or 3 logs 12-15 cm thick are used. They are connected to each other in a single block. Splitting the comlies in half and wedging in them the hewn end of a 3-meter-long rombi (scheme e, f). In the front part of the box, next to the wall, a support column with a flyer is hammered into the ground, into which a wand is placed – a meter stick, to the free end of which is tied a cord with a loop at the end.
For a guard, use a 40-cm stick pointed at both ends. A piece of meat or fish is pricked and frozen on one end. In the middle of the wall, at a height of 10-15 cm from the floor, a window is cut open and a square cut in it is cut 2-3 mm more than the thickness of the guard. To guard the traps, the mouth bends are placed in the box so that the rhombus protrudes slightly above the end sections of the side walls.
The oppression of the jaw trap is lifted and the end of the rhombus is placed on the shoulder of the hoe, balancing in the fork of the support column. The free end of the hoe is rotated along the box. The lace tied to it is pulled and the loop is put on the pointed end of the guard, held in horizontal position by a slot made in the window (patterns, e, f, g). Samolov is triggered when a fox climbing into a box under bending touches the bait (I), frost-bitten to the guard, and pulls it out of the slot in the window. Then the loop of the lace will jump off the guard (II) and release the hothouse (III), which will throw the oppression (IV) onto the back of the beast.
Stationary box-shaped traps for grazing on the stage, purpose, device, manufacturing, installation and configuration.
In deep snowy areas, the boxed jaws of the foxes are arranged on the scaffolds, raised 1 meter above the ground. For its manufacture, 9 slabs are harvested up to 1.2 meters long and up to 15 cm wide and 8 poles thick in the arm and at least 2 meters long. Four poles should have in the middle a strong bitch, on which they lay transverse sleds with a floor laid on them.
The poles are vertically hammered into the ground in pairs, impose transverse sleds and lay the floor from the rags on them. A window is cut in the middle of the lower lower slab and opposite it a 1.5-meter guard stake is knocked into the ground with a knot at the top and a notch above it for fastening to the gatehouse and guard. Then, the side walls between the poles are erected and the tops of adjacent poles are tightly connected with twigs of a birch tree or other flexible and strong tree, which are steamed in hot ash.
The upper paired ends of the poles are reinforced with additional horizontal slats. Two longitudinal and one transverse, which at the same time serves as a support for the moyr (scheme s, i, k). The oppression of the jaw trap consists of two 3-meter logs 20 cm thick in the butt. They are pierced and a wedge-shaped board is nailed into the slot with a length equal to the width of the logs.
The oppressed in this way is placed in the box. The ends – log whips – are lifted onto a goat from stakes with a height equal to the height of the box floor. A stick is used for a hoe. To one end of which a cord is tied with a gatehouse – a small pointed wand. The guard is cut out from a chipped knot (scheme k). To guard the trap of the mouth, put a rope loop on the end of the yoke. Or a loose ring made of birch twigs.
The traps of the mouth are oppressed, and a moyr is slipped under the ring. Its free end is taken to the wall where the watch stake is located, and the end of the gatehouse is made into the notch made into whom. So that he does not twist, a guard is hooked on it with one ledge for the bitch of the guard stake, and the other for the free end of the guard (schemes, and, to). The jaw triggers when the fox touches the bait, and with it moves the guard (I) and releases the gatehouse, which will turn up (II) along with the hoe (III) and drop the yoke down (IV).
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.