Steel grades for knives: decoding and characteristics

The steel from which the knife is made determines its main characteristics – strength, wear resistance, anti-corrosion properties. Depending on the number of ingredients added to the alloy of carbon with iron, as well as the degree of quenching and heat treatment, we get a certain steel for hunting, kitchen, household knives. These factors also determine how long the knife will remain sharp, what is its resistance to various deformations, as well as breaking the blade. A brand that is closest to high performance in all characteristics will be the best, but not always the most expensive.

  • Top Steel for Knives
  • 2 Steel marks for knives: decoding
  • 3 Steel stamps for hunting knives
  • 4Steel for a knife: everything about it

Top Steel for Knives

Steel grades for knives

Good corrosion resistance, the material is easy to process. Used for the manufacture of household and tourist knives.

  • H12MF

The brand is used for the manufacture of tools, convenient and unpretentious during processing, but knives from this material require constant care, because when ingested in a hostile environment, the metal becomes covered with bloom and dark spots.

  • SHH15SG

One of the most popular brands with low cost. Used mainly in private production of blades. The interpretation of the grade is as follows: “W” means bearing steel, “X” indicates the chromium content, 15 indicates its quantity, and the letter designation “SG” indicates the content of silicon and manganese alloying elements. It produces durable, sharp knives, but prone to corrosion.

  1. Foreign brands
  • 425mod

    Foreign steel grades

Analogue domestic brand 65X13, having the greatest hardness compared to the others.

  • 440A, 440V, 440C

Material, well resistant to corrosion, with a carbon content corresponding to the letter designation: A – with the lowest content, B – medium, and C – with the highest percentage of carbon in the composition (up to 1.2%). Brand 440C is the best of the three, but the least of them resists corrosion.

  • AUS10

Analogue brand 440C, but with an admixture of vanadium, which gives greater wear resistance to the material.

  • ATS34

    Foreign steel grades

At the moment, it is recognized as the most high-tech steel used in the manufacture of knives of the highest category. The hardness of the metal is 60 Rockwell units, while it is quite durable, well-kept sharpening.

  • VG10, GIN1

Being analogs of 440 marks, knives from this metal are distinguished by high strength, sharpness, and anticorrosion.

  • AUS8

    Foreign steel grades

Impurity vanadium gives greater wear resistance to the metal, knives of this material are often made for hunting purposes, because they have great ductility, therefore, strength.

  • ZPD-189

The brand used today by only a few companies, which has no analogues in terms of high levels of hardness, strength and toughness. From this powder steel the best knives having high cost are made.

Steel grades for hunting knives

Steel grades for hunting knivesFor the manual forging of a hunting blade, the choice of the 9XC brand is a good option. The knife from this steel will have good cutting qualities, as well as excellent hold sharpening. Steel 95X18 perfectly combines high quality and affordable price, has high strength and hardness, but because of that, the blade is difficult to sharpen. The H12MF brand will allow you to create a very durable hunting blade that is resistant to wear, provided that it is followed by meticulous care. On the basis of this brand, many domestic manufacturers produce damask, which indicates the quality characteristics of this brand.

Knives of Damascus – a great option for hunting or tourist trips. Damascus is very durable, resistant to corrosion. Due to the high carbon content of the Damascus blade, the blade is very sharp, but also fragile enough to do the chores.

Domestic brand 65G is suitable for the manufacture of a hunting knife, the purpose of which is rather not in cutting, but in the wheelhouse. It has excellent viscosity, but should be protected from moisture, because metal subject to corrosion.

Steel for a knife: everything about it

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