Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica L, description, use in nutrition and treatment of diseases in the field.

Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) grows like a weed along river banks, in ravines, in clearings, in shrubs, in shady forests, near housing and roads throughout Ukraine, Belarus and the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in the Eastern and Western Siberia, the Far East and Central Asia. Nettle prefers moist and marshy soils. 

Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica L, description, use in nutrition and treatment of diseases in the field.

Nettle blooms from June to September, the seeds ripen in August-October. It is harvested during the flowering period, collecting leaves from the stems, which are then dried in a shady, well-ventilated place, spread out in a thin layer. The roots are dug up in the fall, cleaned from the ground, washed with cold water and dried. Store nettles in dry, well-ventilated areas without direct sunlight. Shelf life of leaves up to 2 years, roots no more than 3 years.

Nettle is rich in organic and mineral substances, trace elements. According to the protein content, nettle is not inferior to such plants as peas, beans, beans. The most beneficial substances in nettle accumulate during its flowering. Contains tannins and protein substances, vitamins C, B1, B2, B6, K, E, PP, formic and pantothenic acids, carotenoids, chlorophyll, sitosterol, histamine, violaxanthin, nicotine, acetylcholine, iron salts, manganese, copper, potassium, calcium , barium, boron, nickel, titanium, silicon, sulfur.


hemostatic, wound healing, diuretic, choleretic, tonic, expectorant, mild laxative, vitamin, anticonvulsant. Strengthens the main metabolism, increases the tone of the respiratory center, cardiovascular system, intestines and uterus, stimulates granulation and epithelization of affected tissues.

Proportions Cooking method Application
Infusion 2 tablespoons (20 g) of 0.25 l dry leaf spoons. water. Pour boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain. 1/3 cup 3 times a day as a hemostatic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, multivitamin, with rheumatism, gout, diseases of the stomach, biliary tract, kidney stones, with anemia, diabetes. Externally for washing and in the form of compresses for the healing of wounds, ulcers and burns.
Juice Fresh leaves. Rinse, grind and squeeze the juice. Outwardly for the healing of bleeding, festering wounds, ulcers, fistulas and pressure sores. 1 tablespoon 3 4 times a day before meals with biliary and urolithiasis, internal bleeding, to improve metabolism, enhance digestion.
Fresh leaves Fresh leaves Knead. Attach to festering, long-healing bleeding wounds, ulcers, fistulas. It has a wound healing effect, prevents blood poisoning.
Tea 1 teaspoon (5 g) a spoon of fresh or dry leaves per 0.25 liters. water Pour boiling water, insist 15 minutes, strain. As a restorative, vitamin and expectorant.

Nettle nutritional use.

Nettle is a valuable food product, in 100 grams of which on average contains about 42 kcal. It is used in fresh, salted and pickled form for the preparation of salads, soups, cabbage soup, sauces, filling for pies. In addition, nettle leaves and shoots can be salted and used as a seasoning for meat dishes.

Contraindications when taking medicinal decoctions of nettle.

Increased blood coagulability, kidney disease, hypertension, pregnancy, individual intolerance.

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