Bleeding is a very dangerous situation, since in the field there is no way to compensate for blood loss. Stopping bleeding in an emergency is the most important thing. Life depends on the speed of this action and its effectiveness.
Stopping bleeding during first aid in the field, the use of wild medicinal plants.
When large vessels, such as the aorta, inguinal or femoral artery, are injured, severe bleeding occurs, which can lead to the death of the victim in a matter of minutes. When analyzing the causes of death on European roads, the first place was taken by mortality from bleeding due to untimely application of tourniquets and dressings.
Nettle applying fresh crushed leaves to the wound.
A raincoat mushroom, sprinkling a wound with green-brown pollen of a mature mushroom and simultaneously pressing its velvety skin turned inside out to the wound.
Wormwood leaves that increase blood coagulation.
Sphagnum moss, Ivan-tea fluff, white cane core instead of cotton wool.
Lungwort, its reddish burning juice instead of tincture of iodine.
Highlander avian, avian or pepper: increases blood coagulation, constricts blood vessels.
Mushroom caterpillar, it heals wounds and burns.
The hemorrhage is medicinal, its rhizome stops the blood and protects the wound from microbes.
Coltsfoot. Leaves and flowers are used to heal wounds..
Tansy ordinary. Her flowers have antimicrobial effects.
Club-shaped clown (lycopodium) as a powder of wounds.
Gum of cedar (a resinous substance resulting from a tree wound). Heals wounds and burns.
Saranku (curly lily, royal curls). Stems and leaves have a wound healing property.
Spider web, this is an excellent hemostatic and healing agent.
When stopping bleeding from a large arterial vessel, it is necessary to give the bleeding organ an elevated position, for example, to raise your arm up or raise your leg at a right angle. When large arteries are injured, to stop bleeding, it is necessary to squeeze the artery between the wound and the heart above the site of damage in case of limb damage and lower in case of head and neck injury.
Due to the great elasticity of the arteries, compression will only be successful when the artery is pressed hard enough against the underlying hard tissues of the bones. The pressing of arteries to soft tissues, such as muscles, does not stop bleeding. Therefore, the arteries should be pressed to the bone with the thumb using the 2nd, 3rd and 4th fingers. Where possible, a tourniquet from any material at hand should be applied, the simplest part of the clothing (a strip of cloth twisted into a tourniquet from a shirt, shirt, etc.).
The limbs are given an elevated position, and under the tourniquet, so as not to injure the skin, everything that can be found in this case is laid: a piece of a clean rag torn from underwear, a handkerchief folded several times. A harness is tied or tightened with a stick or branch. Before applying the dressing from the wound, it is desirable to remove freely lying foreign objects, the wound is treated with hydrogen peroxide, its edges with any antiseptic solution.
After applying the bandage, the limb is fixed. The upper limb is suspended on a scarf, the lower, with extensive damage, splinted. If possible, the victim should be given any pain medication (analgin, aspirin, paracetemol, tramal, ketorol, etc.). When applying a tourniquet or a twist, a note indicating the time of application is necessarily attached to it.
Attention! The tourniquet is applied for no more than 2 hours! In the cold season, no more than 1 hour! After this time, the tourniquet loosens, when the dressing gets wet, the tourniquet is tightened again until the bleeding stops. After stopping the bleeding in any way, a pressure bandage is applied to the bleeding site, under which wild-growing hemostatic plants are placed. With venous bleeding, dark red blood flowing slowly and evenly from the wound simplifies first aid somewhat. It is enough to apply a pressure dressing with any plant antiseptic.
Internal bleeding and first aid for them.
Internal bleeding is much more dangerous, as the blood vessels of internal organs are damaged and blood either pours out with sputum, feces, urine, or accumulates in closed cavities (peritoneum, pleura, skull). Stopping this kind of bleeding on your own is almost impossible.
Bleeding from the nose is eliminated by throwing the head back, if possible, either snow, ice, or a scarf dipped in cold water is placed on the nose and neck. The nose wing is pressed against the nasal septum with your finger for 10-15 minutes. Blowing your nose and wiping your nose is not recommended, as you can touch a blood clot that clogged a bleeding vessel, and bleeding will resume.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.