Survival at sea, the beginning of the movement to the ground, signals, maintaining health and landing.

If the SOS signal after the crash was sent successfully or you know that regular sea routes pass nearby, it is usually advisable to remain in place for 72 hours. If none of this exists, then you should not waste time, but you need to move on the road to the earth in order to use the forces and form that are still available, especially if it is known that the earth is close and in the wind. 

Survival at sea, the beginning of the movement to the ground, signals, maintaining health and landing.

If there is no land nearby, determine where the nearest sea route passes and go there. Evaluate the following circumstances before deciding to stay in place or hit the road.

attracted the attention of rescuers. Any shiny object or reflective, mirror surface can be used for signaling in this way..

Saving health when moving to the ground.

Hypothermia and severe dehydration are likely to be the main problems in salvation in the ocean. Motion sickness will increase dehydration. In situations of survival at sea, there is often constipation and often either difficulty urinating or very concentrated urine is formed. Do not try to treat this, otherwise you risk exacerbating the loss of fluid by the body. If you feel sick, try to make sure that you do not vomit, and in no case do not induce vomiting intentionally. Prolonged exposure to saltwater can cause skin rashes. Do not puncture or squeeze blisters or blisters of corns. As a precautionary measure, try in your attempts to cool down not to wet yourself with salt water too often. If you feel uncomfortable on the skin, stop it..

Protect your eyes from bright light and sunlight with a mask, and if there is a gout in your eyes, moisten the cloth with sea water, blindfold it and let it rest. Do not do this for too long. Skin irritation may occur. If too long is exposed to the environment while on the water in a boat or on a raft, a disease called a trench foot may occur. Exercise will help fight this, as well as frostbite and hypothermia. When resting, cover yourself well with improvised materials, and while on duty, easily exercise your limbs.

Approaching the land and landing.

When approaching the land, try to choose a landing place where it will be as easy as possible to get ashore or you can safely get to it by swimming. Sail down and watch out for rocks and stones. The floating anchor will hold you with your nose to the shore and slow down so that there is more time to divert the craft if it goes to the stones. Try to moor so that the sun does not hit the eyes, so that it does not impede the ability to see stones and other dangers.

A sloping beach with a small surf will be an ideal choice if, of course, you have a choice. When you can synchronize your actions, try to go behind the breaker. So that the crest of the approaching wave does not sink or turn you away, row with all your might, but be careful not to overtake the breaker whose wave carries you. With a very strong surf, deploy the boat with your nose towards the sea and, when the wave is approaching, row straight into it.

Approaching the earth, remember the features of the coast. Location of heights, types of vegetation, possible water flows or their signs. You can see details that you cannot see from the ground. If you and your comrades, choose a meeting place in case the boat breaks and you are selected separately. If you come to earth at night, wait, if you can, for daylight. Too many dangers can be seen in the dark. When you enter the mouth of the river, try to reach its bank at all costs. The upcoming low tide may again take you to the sea. Raise the floating anchor and to speed up the progress, lighten the boat as much as possible.

Scoop out the water from the inflatable boat, inflate it as much as possible. This will help make the most of the tide. If the ebb again takes you to the sea, load the inflatable boat with ballast, partially filling it with water, and drop the floating anchor. Be attached to the raft all the time. Even if it rolls over or gets damaged and you lose consciousness, you will still have a chance to survive. If in this case you find yourself in the water alone and you will be thrown on the stones, this is death.

Swim ashore.

If you have to swim out on a rocky shore with excitement, do it in clothes, shoes and a life jacket, if any. Lift your legs in front of you so that the blow on the stones falls on your feet, soften it by bending your knees.

Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.
John Wiseman.

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