Survival Guide for the US Army: Poisonous Plants

Acceptable use. Knowledge poisonous plants, like edible, important for the preservation of life. It can help avoid poisoning, including fatal.

Methods of poisoning plants

10-1. Plants can act toxicly through:

  • Contact – causing irritation or skin inflammation.
  • Ingestion – a poisonous plant.
  • Absorption or inhalation – inhales through the skin.

10-2. Reaction to plant poisoning varies from minor irritation to death. The question usually arises “how poisonous is this plant?” It is difficult to say because:

  • Some plants cause a noticeable negative reaction after a large number of interactions. Others are lethal from minor contact.
  • amount toxins environmental conditions.
  • Each person has his own level of resistance poisonous substances.
  • Some people are more sensitive to specific plants.

10-3. Some common misconceptions about poisonous plants:

  • What they eat. The most poisonous to humans.
  • Water in water and get rid of any poison. Boiling removes many poisons, but not all.
  • Red plants are poisonous. Some, not all.

10-4. There are no rules for determination of poisonous plants. If possible.

All about plants

10-5. Many poisonous plants Homosexual plants. For example, spotted hemlock similar to wild carrot. Some of the plants are poisonous. For example, leaves laconosa when it becomes poisonous. Some plants and their fruits can be eaten only ripened. For example, the fruits are poisonous. Some plants contain both edible and toxic components. Potatoes and tomatoes are green poisonous.

10-6. Some plants become poisonous after withering. For example, a rotten sweet cherry highlights hydrocyanic acid. Certain cooking methods turn some raw poisonous plants in edible. It can be eaten, however, it can be poisoned.

10-7. Learn to recognize and use plants. Sources of information about useful and poisonous plants are brochures, books, films, nature trails, botanical gardens, local markets and residents. If possible, it is not possible to collect data from sources.

Rules for avoiding poisonous plants

10-8. It can be used to identify the plant. In most cases this is not possible. If you do not have enough edibility test. Avoid:

  • Any mushrooms. Accurately determine the fungus is more difficult than the plant. Some species instantly lead to death. Not all have antidotes. Mushroom poisoning affects mainly the central nervous system and digestive system.
  • Accidental touch or contact with plants.

Skin lesions

10-9. Skin lesions after contact with plants, they usually create the greatest problems in the field. It can be permanently spread, it is very dangerous in the skin.

10-10. The main poisonous substance this is the oil falling on the skin. It can also get on equipment. Never burn contact poisonous plant, smoke can be just as dangerous. Chance to get under the influence, if overheated and sweat. The infection may be local or spread throughout the body.

10-11. Symptoms in the form of burns, There can be redness, itching, swelling and blistering.

10-12. Cold water and soap. If there is no water, wipe the skin several times with dirt or sand. If you have blisters, do not use it. After removing the oil, dry affected skin. The balsamic family. Tanning oil can be extracted from the bark of oak.

10-13. Poisonous plants, skin lesions (dermatitis) –

  • Mukuna burning
  • Poison ivy
  • Poison oak
  • Poisonous sumac
  • Rengas tree
  • Campsis

Poisoning by ingestion

10-14. Poisoning by ingestion can be quite serious and quickly lead to death. Do not eat the plant until you determine it. Keep a journal listing all eaten plants.

10-15. Symptoms of poisoning include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, breathing, headache, hallucinations, dry mouth, loss of mind, coma and death.

10-16. If there are fears that eaten the plant is poisonous, as soon as possible, spit your stomach. If the victim is conscious, it is necessary to give warm saline water. After which the poison is diluted with water of milk or milk.

10-17. The following plants cause poisoning when used:

  • Castor Beans (Castor Oil)
  • Melia acedarah (clocchina)
  • Zigadenus is poisonous
  • Lantana
  • Manchineel tree
  • Oleander
  • Pangium edible
  • Jatropha kurkas
  • Hemlock spotted and poisonous
  • Abbrus prayer
  • Gag nut (or chillbuch)

10-18. Appendix C contains photographs and descriptions of these. poisonous plants.

Survival Guide for the US Army. Chapter 10: Poisonous Plants

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