Perhaps, sea survival one of the most difficult. Its duration is influenced by food, equipment and your ingenuity. In the sea, ingenuity is a must.
About 75 percent of the earth’s surface is water, 70% of them are oceans and seas. Suppose that someday you cross the vast expansions of water. Again, there is a chance to catch a fire.
16-1. At survival on the high seas Storm and wind can be encountered, intense heat or cold. It is a serious problem. Use available resources to protect against moisture, temperature, or natural disasters.
16-2. It is not the need. It is important to avoid physical and psychological problems. You should also know how to cope with the possible deterioration of health.
16-3. Survival at sea – not an easy task, which should:
- Know and be able to use rescue equipment.
- Have special skills and coping with emerging hazards.
- To keep the will to live.
16-4. Find out what kind of rescue equipment you need. How many, for example, lifebuoys and lifeboats? Where are they located? What type of rescue equipment are they? What amount of food, water and medicine contain? How many people are resources intended for? If you are responsible for other passengers, make sure you know each other’s location.
Emergency landing at sea
16-5. If the plane suffers wreck over the sea, follows –
- As soon as possible to land the plane against the wind. Stay nearby while he is afloat.
- Oil plane film
- Try to find other survivors.
16-6. Look for survivors near the crash site. The drug may be unconscious and stay afloat almost under water. Figure 16-1 shows three options. rescue from water.
16-7. The best way – throw a lifeline on the rope (A). Another way – a swimmer (saving) (B) This will save you time. Lifeguard without a craft (C). In all three cases, swimmer in a life jacket. Do not underestimate the drowning man. In order to avoid it carefully.
16-8. There is a small chance that he will hit you. The strap of a life jacket. For the transportation of the victim better swim on your side.
16-64. Seasickness – it is the time when the boat is moving. Leads to –
- Severe fluid loss and exhaustion.
- Loss of desire to survive.
- The emergence of motion sickness in the rest of the drug.
- Attracting sharks.
- Disgusting conditions.
16-65. For the treatment of seasickness –
- Wash the patient and the boat.
- Do not let the victim eat until nausea subsides.
- Lay it down and let it rest.
- Give pills for seasickness. If they are unable to insert them rectally. Do not drink pills, if already ukachal. They tend to make it worse. Always take pills for seasickness before occurrences.
Note: Sailors can help you overcome the pick. For some time it will help.
16-66. Sea ulcers – The period of time. May occur in places where clothing sits tightly – the waist, ankles, or wrists. On ulcers, crusts and pus can form. Do not open or squeeze them. Rinse with fresh water and dry. If possible, use an antiseptic.
Internal rotting, frostbite or hypothermia
16-67. Encountered problems in cold weather. Symptoms and treatment are described in chapter 15.
Blindness or headache
16-68. If you come in contact with your eyes, immediately contact with your eyes, immediately contact with your eyes. Use ointment, if available. In case of serious damage, tie both eyes for 18-24 hours or more. If you want lightness, bandage, or lightness. Wear sunglasses, it will help to avoid such problems. If necessary, make them yourself.
16-69. A common problem on a seagoing vessel. Do not take a laxative, it will cause dehydration. Practice as much as possible.
16-70. Not a rare problem when survival at sea and is mainly due to dehydration. Better not to heal.
16-71. Sunburn is a problem in surviving at sea. To avoid them, stay in the shade, cover your head and skin. Use balm from a first aid kit. There is no trace of the sun.
16-72. Wherever you are in the water, there is a large variety of marine life. Some are more dangerous than others. As a rule, sharks are the most dangerous. Dolphins and stingrays
16-73. Of the several hundred species of sharks, people know about 20 aggressive ones. White shark, hammerhead, mako and tiger. Others who are attacked are shorts, blue-eyed shorts, six-haired and long-winged gray shark. Dangerous any longer than 1 m.
16-74. Sharks can be found in the world. Although there are many others, hunt on the surface. You will most likely see these sharks. Their dorsal fins often protrude from the water. The tropical waters are more aggressive.
16-75. Virtually all shark devouring machines. The wounded or helpless. They are attracted to sight, smell or sound. They attract them. They are also very sensitive to abnormal vibrations of water. Fighting a wounded animal or swimmer, underwater explosions, or even fish dangling from a fishing line, attract sharks.
16-76. Sharks can attack their heads. If you’re looking for something large, you can easily see it.
16-77. Sharks may hunt alone, but not often during attacks. Small sharks, as a rule, move in packs and massively attack. Whenever one finds a victim, the others quickly join. Sharks eat their preserved.
16-78. Sharks feed at any time of the day or night. Most witnesssed contacts of the day. For sharks –
- Stay close to other swimmers. The group is easier to maintain a 360 degree view. Tekzhe can scare or drive off sharks.
- Always watch out for sharks. Stay in all clothes, including shoes. According to stories, sharks first attack naked men in groups, most often grabbing their legs. Clothing will also protect against abrasions.
- Avoid urinating. If you really need a little bit. Let the urine dissipate. If you need a little movement, as soon as possible and further. The same, if sick and vomits.
16-79. If you are in the water, you can’t be avoided. Sometimes screams the sharks in the water. Save your strength to fight shark attacks.
16-80. Hit the shark. If possible by the gills and eyes. If you hit your nose, you can break your hand.
16-81. Seeing a shark –
- Do not fish. Hooked catch let go. Not my fish in the water.
- Do not throw trash overboard.
- Hands, feet, or gear should not be above water or in water.
- Be quiet and do not move.
- Bury all the dead as soon as possible. If there are many sharks in the area, do it at night.
16-82. When attacking a shark, beat her, but not with your hands. Otherwise you will cause harm to yourself. Beat the paddle carefully.
16-83. Watch closely the appearance of signs of sushi. There are many signs of its presence.
16-84. Motionless cumulus clouds in a clear sky or among moving clouds often hover over the island.
16-85. In the tropics, sun rays or coral reefs often form greenish hues in the sky.
16-86. In the Arctic, light fields or snowy ground. They are very different from dark gray over open water.
16-87. Deep water is usually dark green or dark blue. Light color indicates shallow water, which implies the proximity of the earth.
16-88. At night or during the night The mangrove swamps and muddy shores spreads far enough. It becomes visible. Where are they live?
16-89. Usually there are more birds near the land than above the sea. The direction of the flock may indicate land. The bird doesn’t matter.
16-90. There is a higher probability, especially under noon. Be careful not to confuse the mirage with the land. It will make it easier for you to make it.
16-91. The structure of the refraction of the waves (Fig. 16-18). Moving along the road, marked out with an x (“x”), you can reach the ground.
Survival Guide for the US Army. Chapter 16: Survival at Sea