Survival in a street crowd during a riot, measures of personal preventive safety in an uncontrollable street crowd.

Surprisingly, for most people, survival in a street crowd seems to be a more easily attainable goal than, for example, the enclosed space of a cinema and concert hall. There are no narrow doors, there is no pitch door, even though the eye is poked out, the darkness can not fall on the head ceilings and walls, cross streets and alleys through each quarter. How not to get out here? 

Survival in a street crowd during a riot, measures of personal preventive safety in an uncontrolled street crowd.

Meanwhile, it is the street that knows the examples of the bloodiest crush. It is enough to recall Khodynka, the funeral of Stalin. Maybe the street will be wider than the entrance doors to the theater or cinema hall, but crowds of people there happen more than at premiere performances and concerts. And the larger the crowd, the more intense her mental state. Moreover, a greater predisposition to aggression. The easier it is a provocateur, setting fire to the fuse of an emotional explosion. The worse the consequences of a possible panic. Any street crowd, unlike, for example, the “spectator” one, is initially dangerous.

and the panic provoking a new, more massive crush. Estimate where your crowd can connect with another and where the police can wait for it, all this again creates the prerequisites for congestion and panic. If you calculate the funnel in advance, you will have a chance before leaving the crowd to condense and petrify..

Any methods are permissible here; push, sob, beg to miss you because the iron is left on the piano, warn that you are in poor health and that now, without leaving this place, you will lose your breath, say that you have diarrhea, depict heart attack or nausea. There will be few words induce vomiting. It’s nothing that you dirty your clothes and the clothes of your neighbors will part faster, but you warned. Remember, the crowd lives by the physical laws of the flowing fluid.

It is not for nothing that they speak about it, using river terms, the crowd flows, spills, merges, flows around obstacles, divides into sleeves, overlaps over the edge, etc. This is true: in wide places in squares, at intersections, the crowd spills over, narrowing accelerates and dammed the street (here there is some difference with the river water in the dams, rises, the human flow is condensed to the most tragic degrees), in the places of obstacles forms a standing wave, where people, alas, can crush each other.

To understand the nature and direction of future human flows and individual streams means choosing a safe direction leading to salvation. If you know that one of the streams of a dividing street crowd rushes into the left duct-street, which leads to a dead end or ends with a fresh construction pit (and this is an inevitable crush), and the other into the right one, free along its entire length, then you should make a maximum efforts to get into the flow flowing to the right. Just a little hesitate, a little confused and you will not be asked where you want, dragged, pushing in the sides and back, towards death.

In a street crowd, they are not saved when everyone is saved. In this case, it’s too late to do anything, and then, when panic and exodus are only expected. In situations where you see a crowd approaching you, immediately step aside. In the side streets, alleys, courtyards. Running away from the crowd in the direction it is moving is not recommended. Firstly, you can provoke a chase (the instinct of a predator catching up with a victim), and secondly, run into a dead end, where a shaft of people who approach you will cover you. Thirdly, you can be between the crowd and law enforcement and you will suffer from both.

In the event of a panic and the impossibility of evacuation to the side streets, it is permissible to go to the porches, where, having ascended to the upper floors, seek refuge from the tenants or, climbing through the attic hatches, wait for the events on the roof. In an extreme case, break store windows and go along the internal premises to the service exits, usually located on the opposite side from the front side, and from them, go through other courtyards to other streets.

As the last resort, you can recommend climbing crowns, shops, roofs of low buildings, capital stalls and even tram cars when approaching the crowd (just beware of current-carrying wires!), Climb on street lights, that is, in any way try to rise above the crowd. Just be sure to make sure that the structures you climb on are solid and stand firmly on the ground..

Not every visor can support the weight of many people who have risen on it and not every kiosk can withstand the pressure of an incoming crowd. Say, a tram with its monolithic metal wheels is much more difficult to turn over than a relatively light trolley bus, and several kiosks standing nearby can withstand more pressure than one. Finally, there is the concept of a “breakwater”, when in front of the shelter that you have chosen for salvation, there is one more that a rolling crowd.

If more and more people climb on your favorite roof or visor, why its strength or stability begins to cause doubt, climb through the windows into the apartments of the nearest houses. Or crawl higher in search of a suitable platform to save. The way down to the crowd is cut off for you anyway. It is also possible (but even more dangerous than balancing on occasional roofs and ledges) to seek cover at ground level. For example, climbing under trams, heavy trucks (and prefer heavily loaded empty ones), into the dormer windows of cellars. For example, during the funeral of Stalin, many people were saved that way. On the sides and under the bottoms of military cordon vehicles.

If you find yourself in a crowd, then the main thing that you should not do is to offer physical resistance, try to restrain your neighbors, clutch at random stationary objects, slow down the general movement. Your strength, even if you are Hercules, is still not enough to stop the current crowd. With the same success, one can try to stop the raging mountain stream with open palms. You’ll just be crushed and trampled, and your hands grabbed by the lamp will break. If in a sparse street crowd it made sense to “swim” to its outskirts in order to find shelter in nearby houses, then in a monolithic stream, on the contrary, you should stay as far away from them as possible. Any protrusions on the walls, past which a human stream drags you, become deadly.

You will not succeed in bending them around or pushing yourself away from them, no matter how hard you try. Decorative grilles, drainpipes, or rather hooks from them (the pipes themselves will be hit by the first pressure of people), porches of porches and shop windows are especially scary. The many-meter-long thick glass of a display case squeezed out by your body becomes a gigantic guillotine knife, capable of chopping any person that appears in its path in the fall. No less dangerous are freestanding lampposts, kiosks, billboards, trees, parapets of fences. It is advisable to notice them in advance and make every possible effort in order to safely pass.

Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.
Andrey Ilyichev.

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