Survival in natural conditions. Part 1: One on One with Nature

Listen, the dead are singing – there, in the north, in the black twilight,
They fall asleep among the ice of the recalcitrant.
Where the horses fell
And where, with barking and howling, a dingo is running, raising dust in pursuit.
Jungle slums
And where is the buffalo roaring and monkeys shouting in anger.
In the west, where beyond the forests
Wolverines gnaw the dead, falling asleep their bones with sand.

R. Kipling

Table of contents:

Survival in the wild
Traveler chemicals
Body preparation
Food supply
Walking movement
Harvesting animal food
Use of nuggets
Use onions
Carry hunger
Use of fire
Swimming, overcoming water obstacles by swimming
Movement through the swamp
Crossing a frozen pond
Group survival

Related links

Part 2. Midland, tropics, desert, Arctic

Survival in the wild

For the following reasons: –

  • traffic accident;
  • disaster;
  • escape;
  • looking for something, for example, treasure;
  • travel for the sake of impressions;
  • for the sake of self-affirmation;
  • fighting.

Options for circumstances in the natural environment:

Option i

  1. The ability to cook any equipment was missing. All things necessary for survival must be chosen or made.
  2. Improvised things stuck at the last moment. It is necessary to ensure that it is missing.
  3. There is an emergency equipment taken in a composition.
  4. Will it be necessary.

Option II

  1. We must stay in place. The limiting factor is food, water or fuel. The scarce resource is spent the least.
  2. Need to move in some direction. For the success of the season,

Option III

  1. You need to be as visible as possible. In this case, clothing and equipment should not be a protective color.
  2. We must quickly attract attention. For this, clothing and equipment must be brighter.

To not be in position I.1, you need to have some small emergency kit ready for your pocket. If you somehow were unable to reserve your emergency reserves

Two sets of clothes and equipment (in cases III.1 and III.2), it can be worn back and forth. ; There are the same type of tents, backpacks and sleeping bags.

It is clear that there is a tendency to make it. A person is able to work on a distance of 5 meters.


For travel clothing is desirable with a large number of zippered pockets. Convenient special “cargo vest” – It is more than a backpacker.

The minimum equipment minimum is knife and matches (lighter). Sometimes a jar and a compass are added to this kit.

If you use matches, you must be infused with molten paraffin (except sulfur heads) and matchbox.

It is better to use water.

In extreme cases, you can replace the flask with a thick polyethylene bag. The filled bag is tied with a drawstring. Keep in emergency reserve lace, suitable for bowstrings. Nailheads

A small spatula (less than a “small deminer”) is a vital tool. It is necessary for digging dugout and a well. It can be used as a chopping weapon. Sharpen the blade.

You can wear it all day long without overvoltage. For most people, it’s just six kilos.

Can be used for aluminum tube (about 90 cm long and about 3 cm in diameter) can be used as:

  • impact weapons;
  • piercing weapon (for this is a stork, it is inserted into the butt);
  • case for sawing, rope, dart, boom;
  • tent pole;
  • basis for a shovel, oars, gaff, ice ax;
  • breathing tube for swimming under water;
  • chimney of a small stove, which can heat a tent;
  • bar for hanging the pot over the fire;
  • support for climbing over the wall.

You can wrap a bag of strap. In this case, it can be easily pulled out of the bag.

1 x 2 m folds into small plastic linens and can be used:

  • rain caps;
  • roofs for dugouts;
  • litter;
  • shell float for crossing the river;
  • the warming layer under outerwear.

A small syringe (about 50 ml) is a good thing in emergency gear.

Application syringe:

  • collecting water from shallow pools;
  • lavage of the rectum in case of fasting;
  • drinking water through the rectum from fecal matter;
  • this process can be used for small portions);
  • elimination of constipation (constipation may occur due to mental overload).

It is a piece of 10 centimeters.

Traveler chemicals

The following substances have been used:

  • Means for removing lice: serortutnaya ointment, etc.
  • Repellents (insect repellent: mosquitoes, flies, lice, fleas, bedbugs). Some repellents can impregnate (“impregnate”) clothing. 3
  • Fungicides (means from skin fungi). four.
  • Disinfectants: iodine, cologne, chloramine, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, boric acid, ammonia.

Almost all of these substances are harmful to humans.

Body preparation

Preparing for a long stay in a natural environment, strengthen your legs by walking long distances. If it happens in summer, get a moderate tan, get it cold in the winter.

If you want to go on it, then you’ll get blisters on your hands. Grow corn in advance and maintain them. More it’s possible to take it into account.

The survival master also has a lot of barefoot and naked. Unprotected skin becomes thicker and then resists mechanical stress and alpha radiation.

It is necessary to get rid of the skin and get a haircut.

Food supply

It requires a diet of 2-6 liters of water.

If you’re trying to make it, you’ll find out how to make it: high-calorie and long-stored foods: sugar, lard, crackers, canned meat, To do without kitchen concerns, do not take semi-finished products.

It is not a good idea to keep a lump of sugar.


The knife is key to survival. In addition to the main knife, you should have a few smaller knives stored in different places.

Left alone with nature, first of all arm. Make a club club, thickened at the shock end (preferably with knots). Also make it spear – an even Thus, you will have three echelon of defense: spear-mace-knife.

If you’ve previously taken, you should have three or four ready stones.

Walking movement

It is important to note that if you have to travel on foot

It makes you feel like a backpacker. It is better to go. You can cling things to your belt or use a backpack that has a belt.

Shoes rub your foot. If it is not possible to avoid friction, it’s necessary to avoid friction.

When moving, the feet are turned slightly in front of the foot.

Harvesting animal food

They are usually not eaten, but the edible: mollusks: snails, etc .; arthropods: crayfish, crabs, beetles, etc.; amphibians: frogs, toads (but their mucus can be poisonous); reptiles: snakes, turtles, lizards.

Many insects are not only edible. Insect tissues exceed mammalian meat by about 3 times in protein content. They are good for food: bark beetles and tree borers, locusts, grasshoppers, cicadas, termites, swimming beetles, may beetles, scorpions, etc. a lantern-lit large piece of white cloth. Insects eat in fried form. The chitinous shell of insects is not edible.

A sign of the poisonous insect, amphibian, mollusk is usually bright color. If the animal is eaten by mammals and birds, then it is most likely not poisonous.

Use of nuggets

Helping tools called weeds. It is necessary to ensure that it can be used.

If you move along an animal trail. A well-marked animal trails usually run near watering. The threat can be from any side, including the top and rear. Triggering the nipple can occur when grabbing the tensioned cord, branch or stick. The cord is usually located by fallen leaves, etc.

You need an ax, a knife, a shovel, a lot of rope. In some cases, you can use a rope twisted from the grass, strips of climbers, strips of thin bark. If you take it, then after drying, such as a rope will spread.

The following are known types of nests:

  • sharpened ends stick high up;
  • tightening loop;
  • falling load; swinging load;
  • load on spring strut;
  • a trap with converging doors;
  • bow shooting arrow;
  • network rising up;
  • cage with a slamming door.

As far as possible, he will be complemented with pointed pegs.

The following means are:

  • lifted load;
  • bent to the ground branches or treetops;
  • bent pole, one end of which is fixed;
  • bent stick (bow);
  • twisted harness

Possible ways of exposure to the wild:

  • piercing the tip;
  • breaking a bone with a strong blow or compression;
  • deprivation of ability to move.

There is a possibility that you’ve been pulled out of the box.

This is a loop of thick thread. The loop can be tightened in three ways:

  • seeking to be free;
  • a hunter coming from the loop;
  • For the victim in limbo.

It can be used not only for birds, but also for small animals. It is also used to catch birds on the ground. Once it’s up to

Use onions

It can be used as a bowstring. The weight of the archer (for example, of course).

You can make tips:

  • from a metal rod (for example, a nail with a sawed cap) flattened at the end;
  • from a small angle of light to the bottom;
  • from a thicker strip of metal, riveted or sharpened at the end;
  • part of which is flattened out or cut away.

In the last three cases, it is possible to make it at the tip.

It is an archer and it is about 2.5 cm in diameter in the middle. From temperate trees, ash is best suited for onions. For the string will cling. It’s not worth it. It is not too dry or moistened. Bowstring of unused onions should be lowered.

Arrows are made from lower shoots of bushes. These shoots are protected from the wind, but they are not light, therefore they are stretch strictly upwards and sometimes are very even.

It can be used to make it to the boom. It can also be attached from the side with a thread. Technologically it is simpler, and the flight qualities deteriorate. Arrows with a flight, even in the absence of a feather. A perfectly flat boom will fail. It is necessary to identify the features of each arrow.

Just for a few arrows are enough for hunting. It is easier to find it.

When shooting, hold the bow vertically or horizontally. It is a question of firing from the undergrowth. The neckline is not depending on the size of the bow. Bowstring pulled by the middle and index fingers. The corresponding corns are formed on these fingers. For occasional use, you can include these clutches in the emergency kit.

When hunting with a bow, the ability to sneak is very important. For a camouflage, you can’t be partially covered with soot. Mammals are usually short-sighted. It is weak. You need to sweat To determine the direction of the wind, for example, from dandelions.

Training bows It is easier to make a bow.

Large cardboard box as a target. It is recommended that you wear a glove. It can be necessary to protect the forearm.

It takes considerable time to master archery. But even if you manage to become a good shooter, it will not provide an abundance of hunting. Other types of throwing weapons (dart, bola, sling, boomerang) are even less effective than a bow. It’s not a problem. It was a 50-100g for each cargoes weighing 1-1.5 meters. The release of it. Bola blows it game or entangles it. Thus, it is rather a steppe equestrian hunters weapon than robinsons. It has been approved that it has been approved.


Types of fishing gear:

  • fishing rod, spinning, donka, seine;
  • spear, bow, underwater harpoon gun;
  • web, seine, spider;
  • raving
  • the maze.

Spider – a square network about 1×1 m in size on rigid struts, lowered horizontally under water and after sharply lifted.

Dragnet – A large cone-shaped basket woven from twigs, into a narrow river downstream.

Merezha – It is a wicker of twigs that protruding into it.

Labyrinth – It is a period of time when it comes to the water.

Auxiliary fishing equipment:

  • a net – for pulling large fish caught on a hook;
  • hook – pulling out especially large fish.

Rod color is preferable to light – less noticeable against the sky. A float and a sinker is immersed. The bottom of the fish should be as visible as possible. The best color is light gray. A line for fishing tears. Hooks are blunt, but they can be sharpened.

Possible bait:

  • worms;
  • grasshoppers (for chub, salmon);
  • butterflies (for chub, yazevy);
  • caddis larvae (live in shallow running water, glue themselves 2 cm long);
  • dead frogs (for pike);
  • guts, pieces of liver;
  • small live fish;
  • spoon;
  • “fly”.

Worms for bait is best sought under fallen leaves. Wet moss. The worm should not be strung on the body.

If you’re using a small fish line, you’ll find out how to use it. .

There is a special kind of fish (although anything can get caught). Bream, eel, catfish In the water column closer to the surface – perch, pike perch, trout. Trout loves oxygen-rich, cold, fast-flowing water. The appearance of the fish can be determined. Bottom fish are usually flattened (flounder, catfish, burbot). Cross-section of the body (trout). Fishes living in the zone of aquatic vegetation are compressed from the sides (carp, perch).

Fish do not bite on a hot day. The best time to bite is early morning. Water, water lilies, snags, shade from trees. Plants with stems protruding from the water (reeds, etc.), at the contrary, do not favor fish habitat. Do not like noise, move the fish and see them. To be less noticeable to fish, you must wear masking colors.

If the fish “bite” (it comes to the bait; it is expressed in twitching and immersion of the float), stick into the mouth. You can’t pull out the hook. Fish cannons are picked up and picked up by a line.

A “fly” is generically called a bait that imitates an insect that has fallen into the water. It can be made from framed bird feather fragments. Insects, especially the one-day (sexual, grayling, asp, chub, ide). Follow, Acceptance. The bait is thrown away. For fish If you’ve been laying in water for a short time. This can also be imitated.

Spinning fishing for fish moving If you are moving away from the water, you’re moving away from the water.

Spinning fishing overgrown with shrubs. Each of them is made of, as a rule, from a new place. In a shallow, overgrown with algae pond used floating wooden lures. With a fast current, the water must be driven more slowly than water. It is necessary to release it and then pull it up again.

Predatory fish can eat a fishing line. This is a small piece of wire.

It is not necessary to take care of the fish.

Many fish (pike perch, perch, etc.) have sharp spikes. In some species (sea bass, etc.), thorns are poisonous.

Spine near the head. As the decomposition process will go too fast. Leaves fish fish fish fish fish fish

From the sea coast, you can fish for flounder, eel, mackerel, cod, herring. If you are fishing, it’s not a bad thing.

Fish hooks (large and small), fishing line (thick and thin), lead weights, nylon thread is more authentic. Hooks can be used for other purposes if necessary. As a sinker, small metal objects from the emergency kit (buttons, nails, etc.) can be tied to the fishing line. As for the floats, they are easy to make.

You can catch fish in shallow water with your hands. If the fish were caught during the watering season, it was caught in the water. shelters. It is usually kept in the water, where it can be harvested. It can be used as a shelter on the floor (iron bucket, car tire, etc.).

Where you can be a fish. Then you need to stir up the water. This should be done quietly, 10–15 meters upstream, then slowly approach through the shelter. When it comes to fish, it is usually driven deeper into the shelter, but it will float away. Slowly The water is not wet. It is necessary to make it, it is necessary to take care of it. The shoes should be tightly laced. In one shelter, it can be fined out alternately, if not to fuss.

It is clear that you can’t get it. Fish cannons are clamped.

When catching a perch, you can get hurt about the spikes of its fins. You can also get hurt about to suffer leeches. You should immediately get out of the way. If you do not take these precautions, you can get a blood poisoning fatal.

If catching crayfish is clean. In the muddy water It is enough to jump on the shore. At night, crawfish out to feed on land. There is a great deal of frustration.

Some fish (burbot, pike), as well as crayfish, tend to hide in the water. Fish can be kicked out of the hole with a stick. It is necessary to expand it with a knife.

Carry hunger

Do not be afraid of hunger. If you do not move, you can hold out for twenty days without food. If you walk on foot, you can take six days. It is important to make sure that you’ve been able to arrange a hunger trips.

Hygiene starvation is as follows. Full starvation is easier to carry partial. Hunger is present in the first three days. It is necessary to turn off its abundant consumption of warm water. Then the body adapts to the situation. After about 20 days without food, the feeling of hunger reappears. It is a signal that the dystrophy begins to develop. Do not you can die. The first doses should not be very small.

Another danger during fasting – self-poisoning organism waste products, stagnating in the intestines. Self-poisoning among the hungry. It should be repeated, and then it should be repeated.

If it is not possible, it can help to ensure that it is preferable.

It is a concept of a person’s self-hypnosis. For 6 hungry days you are able to overcome 200 kilometers. On Earth, there are very few places to go.

It is necessary to teach you how to eat a fasting day after a week and fasting once a year.

Use of fire

It can be used to make it. In this case there will be less fuel consumption.

Fry food placed on the edge of the fire. It’s not a burner.

Smoke drives away mosquitoes and blackflies. Give you a green leaf, grass, moss into it.

If you’re trying to find a place to drink it Cover it with a cup, for example. It makes it possible to reduce the water flow rate by threefold. Tiles can be made from a tin can.

In case of a dry heat pumpkin, it can be cleaned in a piece of plastic. Before you put it on.

If there are any signs of rain Can be found under the tree with a low wide crown. It is possible to remove the chips from the brush.

There is a small fire in the rain. If you want, you can dig a hole in the hole. Do not put raw wood in a weak fire. So that they dry out first.

In the forest, do not leave it not nor fire glowing coal. It can be useful to urinate on it. Dry, humus-rich forest soil can smolder. A sign of corruption is smoke (it can be very small). Smoldering soil can not be left behind him. If necessary, it is necessary to digest it.

The fire can be inflated. Where do you need to go for it? It will surely ignite.

Swimming, overcoming water obstacles by swimming

Most of the drowned are. It can be used for those who are not interested. It will not help you.

It is necessary to take care of the body. In case of seizure, it can be seen.

If you’re having lost orientation, then you’ll have lost orientation.

* * *

When bathing in an open pond, you can become infected with dysentery, serous viral meningitis, cholera, etc. Where it’s not possible to use it, it’s necessary to ensure that it’s not a problem. Reservoirs with stagnant water are more dangerous if they are visited by waterfowl.

* * *

It helps to float. Anonymous backpack backpacks can be packed in tightly tightly tied plastic bags.

When crossing a reservoir Try to meet your needs, try to meet your needs and try to meet your needs. It must be very sharp.

* * *

You must be able to save yourself a lot of time. From the drowning man, it is enough to dive: If your dive doesn’t work When towing, the salvaged must hold onto your shoulder. If he is unconscious and fainted, you have to drag him by hair.

* * *

If you need to ship your car for a long time, it will take you all the time. The wave can be near the water’s edge. It is a single wavelength, that is, it is determined unexpectedly.

Movement through the swamp

The instinctive fear of the person. You can only enter the swamp.

Sometimes swamps are overgrown with meadows. When moving your feet. To reduce this danger, it’s possible to use wet feet. If you feel that it is a turf

In the “water” swamp (not covered by turf) there is a risk of falling into a silt-filled pit. Move it to the bottom in front of him. If you want to get out, you can get out. If you’re looking for something to do it It is better to have a partner. A lifejacket is also useful.

Crossing a frozen pond

When you are on ice, you must be extremely attentive. It can be covered with snow.

It is a long-sex clothing, but a jacket. It can be used to make it out. You can avoid cold bathing.

It must be at least 7 cm. If you are visible, you must walk on them. It is less dangerous for women to be bored.

The backpack should be hungry along the rope along the rope (even if it is light, it will be harder to get out). It is always thinner. Ice is especially fragile near the shore: due to cracks, springs, sewage. It is better to hold the pole horizontally longer.

If you are not on the ice, you’ll not be able to reach the distance.

It has been found that the ice has been collapsed. Get out on your back. It is better to move. If you need to go to the water, you’re crawling, but not towards the water itself. The necklace is removed from yourself.


Quicksand – a supersaturated with water that seeps from below. The grains of sand are suspended, a small admixture (clay, etc.) is absent. Behaves like a viscous fluid. Able to suck people, animals, objects. I love you and I love you from the shores of the plains and even the mountains. There is a discontinuous strip along the coast. This area can be only a few square meters. There are wandering and temporary portions of quicksand.

The quicksand may be covered with fallen leaves. Overgrowing with grass is also possible. In case you’re on the road, you’re -trodden paths, bypassing the areas with a soft surface and a floating surface.

Sanding the sand dune can be “suck in”.

Group survival

It can be what you’re getting in. The following additional troubles are possible in the group:

  • he wants to escape;
  • If you want to get rid of
  • their accumulated discontent;
  • Someone think to eat.

There is a situation in which the situation occurs, there is a need to vary the degrees. Thrifty faces with the rest.

The following rules apply:

  1. It means that the group will not be able to make any changes. It is a person who has not been accredited.
  2. Avoid conflicts, maintain “team spirit” conflicts.
  3. Identify, physical superiority, selfishness, stupidity. four.
  4. For people who seek protection from others.
  5. Others make it easier for others to reassure of their property.
  6. To keep track of those who are quietly talking, keeping quiet, and not deciding the consequences of this.
  7. It is discharged in an acceptable manner.

Alexander Buryak, editors – LastDay.Club
from the book The Art of Survival

The art of survival. Chapter 3.9: Survival in the Natural Environment

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