Survival Knife (Survival Knife) combines a number of qualities necessary for use in tactical operations. The survival knife began to be part of military equipment in the early 60s.
Survival Knife, Survival Knife, in military equipment, required qualities and characteristics.
Knife model 18 Attack / Survival manufactured by Randall Made Knives is considered among experts a classic representative of this type of knife. The survival knife has gained incredible popularity, as you know, thanks to the cinema. Soon after the release of the movie Rambo. The first blood, a knife for the survival of the design of Jimmy Lyle began to be copied and produced by many companies and craftsmen.
, introducing own ideas into the design and design. It is worth mentioning a number of very interesting designs from the USA, Japan and Spain. This business was also handled in Germany and Switzerland, for example, by firms such as Schlipper (Solingen) or the knife making master Wolf Borger and the Swiss firm Kletzli.
However, this boom, connected by a snozh for survival, did not last long and ended already in the late 80s. One of the few craftsmen who plunged into the survival knife industry and, two decades later, to this day producing the base model with almost no changes, is Chris Reeve from South Africa, who moved to the United States in the early 90’s. His survival knives are considered the most successful..
Mandatory qualities and characteristics of a survival knife, Survival Knife, as part of military equipment.
A survival knife, really worth the money that is being asked for, should have a number of required qualities and characteristics. Thus, a person in a critical situation and having such a knife at his disposal as the only tool should be able to carry out all types of work ensuring his survival on the territory of the enemy.
During military operations, this includes not only the natural factor, but, in certain situations, the enemy soldiers. A survival knife must replace a hammer, an ax, to chop wood, and an ilopat so that a person can dig a dugout. The survival knife must have a saw for sawing wood, bones and metal. His blade should be adapted for cutting game. In addition, a waterproof compartment should be provided in the handle, where matches, needles, painkillers or disinfectants can be stored.
All requirements for survival knives are a typical characteristic of knives in this category. The blade should be 15 to 20 cm long and have sufficient thickness to give it the necessary strength. Sharp, dagger-shaped blades are not suitable, since they cannot be rationally used for breaking or skinning an animal.
In this capacity, such forms of the blade as Drop Point, Bowie and Spear Point have proven themselves well. The wave-like sharpening on the blade near the handle expands the scope of the blade.
Saw on the butt of a knife blade for survival.
When working on a knife, an additional difficulty in most cases is sawing on the blade butt, since it has to be manufactured either on a milling machine or a laser beam. Unfortunately, some firms disagreed about the principle of the saw, too often content with its awesome appearance.
Before proceeding with the development and manufacture of the saw, the master must be aware of what material it is intended for and whether sawing will occur due to the application of vertical force or due to reciprocating motion.
No saw cuts equally well different materials, so the shape of the saw should be chosen depending on the specifics of its application. Saw the subtree should be sawn freely. This means that the blade of the knife equipped with it should have a wedge-shaped cross section between the butt and the tip, so that after the saw goes deeper into the tree a few millimeters, there should not be a skew.
Lyle’s knives are just that. But firms – manufacturers of knives, willingly engaged in copying, this subtlety or simply did not notice or did not understand. They left on their knives in the area of the saw the same thickness of the blade, which makes the saw almost useless. The saw, wedge-shaped converging to the tip, cuts only narrow strips of material and does not allow the blade following it to loosen.
If someone tries to test such a saw with wood, then after the blade is stuck in the cut with a thicker part of the butt, it will be convinced that there is no possibility to cut further. Much more successful is the case with more malleable materials, such as ropes, rubber hoses and more. The sawing length is also affected by the length of the blade. The longer the blade, and, accordingly, the saw, the less movements will be required..
Blade coating and survival knife handle.
The surface of the blade of the knife should also correspond to a particular application. Dull and non-glare – for tactical use, shiny and reflective – for the tourist. A polished blade can even beep.
In addition to having a saw, the next typical distinguishing feature of a survival knife is the hollow handle, which is always tightly closed and has enough space for some important objects, the choice of which is also determined depending on the conditions of use of the knife. A compulsory item on most first-generation survival knives was a compass on the handle cover. However, in most cases it turned out to be unnecessary.
Liquid compasses eventually became loose or were scratched and damaged by objects located in the handle, so Buck and master Chris Reeve completely abandoned the compass in the handle.
From the very beginning, the most vulnerable place for survival knives was to attach the blade to the handle. In most cases, the blade shaft enters the handle only a few centimeters, is fixed externally with a pin, is bolted from the inside or sealed, and then filled with liquid epoxy. If the knife was made professionally, then the danger of loosening the blade is small.
Master Chris Reeve went a completely different way, who made his survival knives from a round steel billet, which eliminated the risk of loosening the blade in the handle.
Scabbard for survival knife.
As a material for the sheath, most companies chose leather on which they additionally sewn a pocket for a sharpening bar. In the early 80s, leather was indeed a suitable material for scabbard. The Buck company, however, went even further from the very beginning, having made its own Buck Master Survival survival knife, equipped it with durable weather-insensitive sheaths made of synthetic cordura synthetic material and pockets attached to it..
An additional whetstone was located on the back of the sheath. For testing, this survival knife was sent to the U.S. Navy, but being heavy, he still did not take root there. In the late 90s, the production of the Buck Master Survival knife was discontinued. The companies Randle Maid Knifes, Lyle Handmade Knifes, Chris Reeve Knifs and Swiss Kletzli continue to produce their survival knives almost unchanged to this day, which indicates the high quality of their products.
Based on materials from the book Modern combat knives, translation.