The survival tactics you need in the desert will depend on several factors, but the main thing that influences survival will be the situation you face. For example, if it is winter, the tactics you must implement to survive will be very different from the tactics you would implement in the warmer months. In addition, there is a hierarchy in which you will have to apply different tactics. Again, your situation will determine the priority of some survival methods.
For example, if you are lost in the desert in the snow, the first thing you should do is find a way to stay warm, while in the warmer months you may need to find water or create a shelter first.
The time of day can also play a role in the tactics it implements, especially if darkness is approaching. Therefore, the definition of priorities is paramount in situations of survival.
Fundamental needs for survival.
Survival tactics in the desert should focus on their basic needs. When you are free, there are four main needs that you must address immediately, and it is imperative to prioritize what you need. If it does not meet your needs within the correct hierarchy according to your current situation, you may be in physical danger.
The basic needs we all have to survive include:
- Stay warm
- Find a water source
- Establishing a safe place
- Find one or more sources of food.
The prioritization of your needs can best be determined by considering how much time you can spend without one of your needs before risking physical harm or death. For example, if it is spring or summer, staying warm is not a high priority (unless it is raining and has no shelter), because the risk of hypothermia during daytime hours is low. Consider this same factor in the winter and the fact that freezing and hypothermia can be established in a matter of hours, and suddenly find a warm place to stay and cause a fire is of paramount importance.
Once you consider your first need, you must prioritize the rest. You can survive three weeks without any food, but it will not last much longer than three days if you do not have water. Thus, water becomes the next need you must attend. Before eating, you may also want to seek refuge, since you will need a relatively safe place to stay overnight.
Think about the future
One of the best survival tactics in nature that you will ever implement is to think ahead and prepare for the possibility of finding yourself in a survival situation. Whether you’re rafting through the turbulent waters of the Yukon River or heading to Alaska, where for an unforgettable backpacking trip through the Alaskan wilderness, you need to prepare for situations “just in case”.
You will need the following survival items:
- Some fishing line and a couple of hooks.
- A canteen with water or several bottles of water.
- A change of clothes (so you can stay warm and dry)
- A compact mirror to signal help.
- A compass configured for magnetic north (a separate one from your mobile device)
- A couple of lighters and / or matches.
- A small roll of wool roll for heat.
- A warm hat for your head.
- A whistle to ask for help.
- Utensils for cooking and eating.
- Rope or rope
- First aid kit
- Flashlight with batteries.
- Gloves for your hands.
- Hand warmers
- Stuffed lint inside old toilet paper rolls (excellent fire starter)
- Small canvas and trash bags (they are good shelter building materials)
- Sunscreen and sunglasses (for UV protection on the elements)
- Pills for water purification.
- Toilet paper
- Trail mix, dry meat and other dry food sources
- Water bottle with filter or straw filter.
Situations of survival and shelters.
In the winter months, the first of the many survival tactics in wilderness areas you must address is to establish a safe and warm refuge. Even in the spring and summer months, you will need a place where you can get some protection from wildlife, the elements and exposure to UV light.
The shelter you create does not have to be beautiful, but it will have to be located in a relatively safe and easily accessible place. The shelter must also be created in a stable manner, so that it can withstand the wind and other elements. Things that should be considered in a survival situation when refuge is needed include:
- Create a shelter that has a flat floor and that easily drains water away from the shelter while keeping water out of the interior.
- Build a shelter near a source of firewood or carry a wooden fountain to your shelter.
- Establish the shelter at a reasonable and safe distance from the water and where a fire occurs.
- Find construction materials if you have not brought something such as a rope and a tarp or even garbage bags.
- Make the shelter strong enough to keep it safe from unwanted animal visits. Make your shelter visible from the air (in case there is a search group) and / or make it visible through the trees by attaching an orange cloth to its exterior.
- Find a site that offers natural coverage such as low limbs, cracks and caves.
Situations of survival and fire start.
The main survival tactics in the desert include knowing the innumerable ways to start a fire to cook, purify the water and keep the body warm. Fire will also provide you with a source of light when it gets dark. Even if you do not have a lighter or fuel, there are other startup tactics.
The following items are excellent for fire start needs:
- Tinder: This source of fire ignition consists of dry material. The dry material that you can use to light the fire of a spark that you create. However, if the tinder is not perfectly dry, your efforts to start the fire will not be enough. Tinder sources include tree resin, bark, dried grass, dried leaves and paper. The dryer fluff also demonstrates an excellent fire start, just like steel wool.
- Chips: This fire-fighting construction material goes over the tinder that catches fire. The material must be dry to burn properly. In general, thin, light sticks and twigs serve as firewood, but dried pieces of bark can also serve as firewood.
- Wood: Once you have the tinder and burning wood, adding dry firewood to the fire will help feed it for hours. The wood must come from dead trees and it needs to be dry. When choosing wood, avoid sources of damp wood such as willow, poplar wood, pine wood, poplar and green wood. Use woods that are dead, dry and that come from lobster, apple, walnut, oak, birch, ash, maple, elm and other woods of long duration.
Situations of survival and search of water.
When you master the tactics of survival in the desert, you will undoubtedly learn the art of finding water and how to purify water sources. The body is composed of approximately 75% water, and each day, you will lose between two to three liters (one-half to one gallon) of fluid through urination and perspiration. When you are at liberty, the more you exert yourself, the more liquids you will lose and, if you are in a hot climate, you will sweat a lot and lose even more water.
During the winter months, if there is snow on the ground, you will have a source of water that you can melt and purify relatively easily. On the contrary, what happens when it is not winter? You need to find a source of water since you will dehydrate quickly.
Symptoms of dehydration include:
- Body weakness
- Dark urine
- Decrease in cognitive abilities.
- Excessive thirst
- Poor or without appetite
Whichever water source you find, try to find a body of calm and calm waters where the turbidity or the cloudiness of the water is minimal. Boiling the water is the least you have to do to purify it. If you have a water filter system, this is an even better approach.
It must release the water of parasitic worms, viruses, bacteria, chemicals and turbidity before consuming it. You can use chemical means for water purification or you can invest in a water filtration system with portable characteristics.
Situations of survival and feeding.
If you have not brought any food or have run out of food, you should be creative about your food sources. You can try to catch animals, capture snakes and cook them for protein, or you can fish if you carry a fishing wire and some hooks. In case you do not have tools or food, you can find many edible plants in the forest.
Good survival tactics in the desert involve learning exactly what kind of things are edible when you do not have a regular food source at hand. Only a few plants that you can consume include:
- Pigtails (roots and lower part of the stem)
- Clovers or Trifolium (boiled or raw)
- Chicory Chichorium intybus (the whole plant is edible
- Chickweed Stellaria Media (boiled or raw)
- Dandelion Taraxacum officinale (leaves, flowers and roots are edible)
- Epilobium angustifolium (stems, leaves and flowers, a part of the diet of Native Americans)
Additional foods that you can consume in nature include:
- Bird eggs
- Wild strawberries
Here is a brief list of things to avoid when searching for food in the desert:
- Plant life of bitter taste.
- Pickling, milky white or foamy sap from the trees.
- Foliage that looks like parsley, parsnips, carrots or dill
- Red sheets
- Seeds, bulbs, beans.
- Unidentified berries
- Wood that smells like almonds
Remember, in case of doubt, do not consume it. Do not consume mushrooms and avoid eating plants or berries that you are not sure about.
You can eat insects and worms when you are in the forest and in a survival situation. While this may not seem very attractive, the truth of the matter is that the longer you wait for the ransom, the more likely you are to run out of food and you will have to suffice with what you may find. Many insects contain up to 80% protein, so they are a good source of nutrients.
Of course, you should not eat bees, wasps or anything with stings and you will find brightly colored insects and the caterpillars have an undesirable smell when you eat them. You should also refrain from eating mosquitoes, flies, spiders and ticks. The edible insects that you can choose include larvae, beetles, termites and ants.
The worms are edible (although they are certainly not desirable for most) and if you can find fresh water, you can crunch some crustaceans to eat them. If you have ever eaten crab or lobster, crayfish are like your mini cousins, all of which are edible. If you are near salt water, you can try to catch shrimp, crabs, lobsters and more in waters about ten meters deep. Molluscs include all the following food sources that can sometimes be found in nature: sea urchins, chitons, periwinkles, barnacles, bivalves, mussels, clams and snails.
Survival and safe navigation.
Learning to navigate the outdoors is part of mastering survival tactics in nature. There are ways to use elements of nature to determine the direction in which you travel or you can use the navigation tools in front of you.
You will also have to weigh the consequences of staying where you are until help arrives and making a decision to try to navigate back home after being suddenly lost in the forest. Staying in one place can make it easier to find, while an effort to navigate home means you will get home as soon as possible.
People can use astrological bodies to find their way back to their original location, such as Southern Cross or North Star as a navigation tool. The moon can be used to determine an approximate direction from east to west, and if you pay attention to the movement of the Sun, you can get information about the cardinal points of the east and west. It is a good idea to master some natural navigation options.
If you bring a compass with you, the device must be set to magnetic north. Do not count on the digital compass of your mobile device when you are in nature: if you do not have where to charge the device, you will not have access to the compass. Instead of a compass, you can use landmarks, tie strips of fabric or rope to the trees, or leave small piles of rocks on a path to navigate back home.
Common mistakes during survival situations
There are some mistakes that can cost you your life when you are in a survival situation in the forest. Your tactics of survival in nature must include an understanding of what you need to avoid in order to survive.
Here, some common mistakes that people make when they go out into the wild and are forced into a survival situation:
- Not finding or establishing refuge: Without shelter, there is a risk of injury or, what is worse, of succumbing to exposure. It does not matter if you brought a sleeping bag, you need a suitable shelter to stay dry and you need a bed that rises from the ground in order to maintain adequate body heat.
- Lack of planning: It is not advised to enter the desert without thinking about what could go wrong. Preparing a backpack with the things you need is much more responsible than waiting for help to arrive when you need it.
- Choose poor navigation aids: As mentioned earlier, you do not want to have a mobile application as your only and only navigation tool. It is better to have a solid backup method to find your way back home. It is better to master the understanding of the movement of the stars.
- Never stop learning survival tactics in nature: There is a lot to learn when it comes to the art of survival. You need to learn about the different shelter construction options, how to get the attention of rescuers and what you can eat without having gastrointestinal difficulties.
Part of the excellent survival tactics in the desert involves preparation for anything. If you believe, you know an area so well that it is impossible for you to get lost in the forest and then think again. Also, you do not have to get lost to be in a survival situation.
Imagine that you hurt yourself or break your leg, so it’s almost impossible for you to come home. Preparing for each possible contingency is what separates a survivor from one that succumbs to nature and the elements:
- Wearing the wrong attire: Going out into the woods and wearing the wrong clothes and shoes is definitely looking for a disaster. If it is too cold outside in winter weather and you have dressed lightly, you will end up with hypothermia or frostbite. Meanwhile, if it’s summer and you’re wearing clothes with layers, it will increase the likelihood of heat stroke on a hot day.
- Do not invest in water filtration tools: If you do not get a water filtration product for the department store or sporting goods store, I would like to have it when a real survival situation arises. With the ability to purify a water source, you can remove unpleasant materials / particles, viruses and bacteria so that the water becomes usable.
- Lack of conservation: This notion is more important if you still have to look for food, as it will be more difficult to maintain your regular caloric intake. Do not waste energy in a panic. Keep calm when you are in a survival situation.
Survival and first aid.
When you seek to add to the arsenal of knowledge you have about survival tactics in nature, you definitely want to have knowledge of First Aid and CPR. The knowledge of first aid will serve you well if you are alone or with other people and there is an injury that you should also attend, while CPR will be an ideal skill set in case someone who gets lost with you or is in a situation of survival need to live. Save resuscitation.
In terms of First Aid, you will also want to make sure you prepare in advance and bring a first aid kit with you on any trip to the desert that you make. The kit must contain the following elements:
- Aloe for the treatment of burns.
- Antibiotic ointment
- Antidiarrheal medication
- Antifungal cream
- Antihistamines for allergies.
- Bandages (different sizes)
- Insect repellent
- Compression wraps
- Contact lenses eye care
- Cough drops
- Epi-Pen if necessary
- Gauze and ribbon
- Medications needed
- Oral glucose (for diabetics)
- Splint (s)
- Filling of temporary teeth
- Tweezers (ideal to eliminate parasites)
- Supplies for wound care
- Wound gauze
The first aid kit that you create for your survival needs should be in a container that keeps all items dry and free of debris. Many kits are ready to use and come with a hard case, or you can place the items in a waterproof plastic bag.
Prepare, prepare, prepare!
The best thing you can do to prepare for a survival situation is to think about what can go wrong and then prepare for the inevitability that something could really go wrong while you are in the desert.
Survival tactics in the desert are something that you should put into practice and start thinking long before you go out into the wild for any type of excursion. What will greatly increase the likelihood of your survival if you put it in a survival situation is your understanding of how to meet your basic needs while you are in the desert. Prioritizing your needs and doing so taking into account the climate, the source of food, the habitat and the source of water is of utmost importance.