Having got into the emergency situation, it is first necessary to decide what survival tactics should be followed. If we start from external signs, then the tactics of survival are conditionally divided into two different tactics, passive (waiting for help) and active (independent access to people).
Tactics of passive and active survival in an emergency or extreme situation, behavior, action and rescue plan.
The tactics of passive survival are justified in cases where:
, danger of avalanches, etc.).
There is a non-transportable patient or several seriously wounded (they need rest).
Predominantly children, women and unprepared for action, poorly equipped people.
There is absolute confidence that information about the accident in a specific area was received by the search and rescue service, that rescue measures were organized.
The tactics of passive survival will facilitate the actions of both rescuers and the victims themselves. Having decided to remain in place, it is necessary to draw up an action plan, which should include:
Organization of temporary shelter.
In conditions of passive survival, it is much easier to organize a camp and build a reliable shelter. This will help protect yourself from the weather and maintain strength for a long time..
The distribution of responsibilities of each member of the group, taking into account his knowledge, physical capabilities and health.
The manager is involved in the distribution of duties, his decisions, orders are not discussed. Women, children, weakened people should be given jobs that are time consuming. For example, repairing clothes, providing medical assistance to victims, picking berries, mushrooms, wild plants, etc. Men need to leave the most labor-intensive work. Such as building shelters, harvesting firewood, hunting for food, etc..
Locating and conducting reconnaissance on the ground.
Signaling and communication.
It is extremely important from the very beginning to develop a signaling system, since a search plane can fly over you at any time and you need to be prepared to give signals at any time.
Therefore, place the shelter in the immediate vicinity of the signal system and visual signaling equipment (bonfires, signal signs, flags, etc.). Organize duty on the camp, observation of the sky for the timely detection of aircraft. Passive survival does not mean contemplation, but well-designed actions and activities.
Emergency Survival Tactics, Behavior and Action Plan.
Tactics of active survival, that is, independent access to people, will require enormous physical and mental costs from all members of the group. Your confidence, willpower and other qualities will be put to the test. During the movement, many calories will be burned, you will be exposed to external factors, often hostile.
All the time you have to be alert in order to deliver a distress signal on time. At the end of each day, it is necessary to leave enough light time in order to build a shelter, prepare signal means, etc. Active survival is a necessary measure and the following points must be included in your rescue plan:
Direction of your movement.
Way to stay in your chosen direction.
Development of a distress alert system and method.
Remember, if you still decide to start off, write a note with instructions when and where you went. The note must be packaged (in a bottle, can, etc.) so that the information on it does not disappear if it rains or snows, and leave it in a prominent place.
In some cases, combined survival tactics are possible, which will include both active and passive forms. In this case, the group together organizes a camp. Then the most experienced people go in search of the nearest settlement. Their goal is to get to the people as soon as possible in order to organize the evacuation of the rest of the group with the help of rescue services.
Based on the book Methods of Autonomous Human Survival in Nature.
Artyshko S. V.