How to determine the direction of the world by the clock – the method of determining the side

If you are in an unfamiliar area or before entering the forest, you need to determine the location of the cardinal points in order to represent where to…

Determination of the distance to the object – methods of recognition

When you are in an unfamiliar area, especially if the map is not sufficiently detailed with conditional referencing of coordinates or with no one at all, there is…

Determination of directions on land, the use of paper topographic maps in the campaign, preparing maps, orienting maps on the ground.

A feature of determining directions on a topographic map is the presence of a coordinate grid on it, the vertical axes of which do not coincide with the…

Topographic maps, determining the rectangular coordinates of a point on a topographic map.

Topographic maps are most interesting for tourists, especially large-scale ones. The basis of topographic maps is the geometric concept of the Earth’s surface zone formed by two meridians…

Marine nautical charts, determining directions and locations in marine navigation.

Navigation in large expanses of sea put forward two special requirements for the Mercatorial projection of a nautical chart. Enormous sea distances in the ocean the ship passes…

Determination of the slope of the slopes using an eye, fingers, according to the formula and using an eclimeter.

The correct determination of the slope slope in the field is very important for assessing the terrain. In order to assess the steepness of slopes by eye, it…

Recognition and definition of hat edible mushrooms according to the description, the shape of fruit mushroom bodies, caps and legs of edible mushrooms, the definition of unfamiliar mushrooms.

To determine the edible mushroom cap from the description, their appearance and the structure of the fruiting body are important. Because the mycelium is found in soil or…

The determination on the map of the standing point on the terrain is eye-catching according to landmarks, measuring distances, measured distance and direction, and reverse notch.

The determination of the standing point on the map is carried out eyeballing according to the nearest landmarks, measuring distances, measured distance and direction, and backsection. When choosing…

Determining the approximate time of the day by the shadow of the pole, primitive sundials, determining the sides of the horizon by the clock on which the time is set by the Sun.

The method of determining the direction to the north in the shadow of the pole can also be used to determine the approximate time of the day. Determining…

Determination of the north and sides of the horizon by the shadow of the pole, by the clock and by the stars at night in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

If you do not have a compass, you can determine the approximate direction to the north by the sun. And knowing where the north is, and all the…