## Simple methods for determining the width of a river, other local object or site, determining the range of the visible horizon.

Determining the width of a river, other local object or site, for example a large ravine, is as follows. The observer becomes at the starting point A. For…

## Simple methods for determining and measuring distances on the ground, the eye method, by measured angular values ​​of local objects, measuring steps, by ear.

For approximate determination and measurement of distances on the ground, the following simple methods are used: eye, according to the measured angular values ​​of local objects, measured in…

## Determining the time of dawn and darkness, sunny day, standard time, maternity time, longitude of the day, civil twilight.

A sunny day is the time between two successive upper climaxes of the Sun. The climax is the passage of the Sun through the meridian of the observation…

## Adrianov’s compass and AK artillery compass, methods of working with them, determining the direction in the area according to a given azimuth, measuring the magnetic azimuth.

The most common, old, proven and at the same time cheap, are Adrianov’s compass and AK’s more advanced artillery compass.  Adrianov’s compass and AK artillery compass, methods of…

## Measurement of distances and determination of areas by topographic map, numerical, linear and transverse scale.

To measure distances using a topographic map, use a numerical, linear or transverse scale. Distances between points on a topographic map are usually measured by a compass gauge…

## Methods for determining the range to the target, errors in determining the range, determining the range through the reticle, using the thumb and eye methods.

Incorrect determination of the range to the target is the most common cause of misses during long-range shooting. More common than a poor wind score, more common than…

## Design options for rafts for crossing rivers and other water barriers, determining the carrying capacity and construction features of a raft of logs.

The simplest and most affordable primitive craft for crossing rivers and other water barriers is a raft. The raft can be connected from logs, boards, boards, reeds, reeds,…

## Checking the health of the compass in the field and determining the local time from the compass in the absence of hours.

Despite the century of high technology and the availability for purchase of almost any GPS navigator with a wide variety of capabilities, the need for a good, reliable…

## Approximate magnetic bearing, determining the approximate bearing without a compass, using a clock, ruler, using a paper compass.

You can determine the azimuth of a non-compass, but this will be an approximate value of the azimuth. To do this, in some way, using local signs, you…