The ability to recognize the dangers in a city primarily consists in analyzing the urban environment. Including your apartment, your porch, street, place of work and rest. The food you eat and the things you use. All of the above in one way or another carries a threat to your life. Explicit, like a propane tank, or hidden, like a luminous TV screen.
The ability to recognize the dangers in the city, an analysis of the urban environment.
It’s better to go from big to small. Take a sheet of paper and a pencil and write: the first point of danger in the city, natural disasters. Ask yourself what PRINCIPLE natural disasters can happen in your area. Based on geological, hydrological and climatogeographic features. Examine the card carefully. Here is the coast of the sea, and earthquakes happen in the sea, and that means, quite rightly, you can expect a tsunami to visit. And at what height is your house? I wonder if the wave will reach him or not.?
See climate maps for the past fifty years. For example, in the regional library. Or, if you don’t want to shovel hundreds of volumes, turn to familiar meteorologists. No acquaintances just to meteorologists. Talk about views of the frost, and so, in between, ask what you can expect from local weather in principle.?
level of consequences. Well, scared?
Then find out what those plants produce? What substances are used in technological cycles? How dangerous are they if they get into the air, into the water, into the soil? How far can they spread in the event of an accident? What are the signs of their leakage, how they look, how they smell, how they affect a person? Here is a far from complete list of questions you should ask yourself. Then make inquiries. How? To get started, look at the sign, it usually indicates the affiliation of the enterprise to a particular production. For example, the Ministry of Chemical Industry.
Or call, under the guise of a wholesale buyer, in the sales department and ask what they can offer you as a product intended for export to underdeveloped countries. They said, but you didn’t understand anything? Then check with friends. Or in civil defense. Or in the sanitary and epidemiological station. Finally, talk heart-to-heart with ordinary employees. It is advisable in an informal setting, inviting them directly from the entrance to a small lunch in the nearest public garden.
It cannot be that if you really want to find out the truth, you do not scout it! Well, it’s not a super-secret strategic missile, the approaches to which are guarded by seasoned counterintelligence officers, located in your yard. So we will consider what interests you, you have learned. Now go to the library and flip through the special literature to find out what is being cooked there. And from what constituents are boiled. And what types of accidents can happen about this. And what’s in this, God forbid, the case will be thrown into the atmosphere, into the water.
Next, refer to meteorology. What does meteorology have to do with it? Despite the fact that she manages the winds. That is, those where and how much blowing. Find the wind rose of your city, which is obtained after annual accounting of all wind directions and wind speeds. Just take ten years, choose the most disadvantaged and put it on the city map. For what? In order to find out whether the wind will convey to you the very dangerous substances that will be released into the atmosphere from the territory of the enterprise in the event of an accident. Well, get it or not?
Start digging into the medical literature to find out why these substances used in the production that the wind brings to you are dangerous. Separately. And in a cocktail. And how to neutralize their effect. Well, is the general scheme of actions understandable? Then let’s, for example, conduct the first reconnaissance together. We sit in a car or bike and go around the area.
Well? All is clear? No hazardous industries? None. Just perfect security.
Well, for sure, for sure! So, nonsense, mere trifles, only a refrigerator and a weaving factory.
And it counts no?
Well, of course. What danger can come from frozen beef carcasses and threads?
Well, then go to the library and once again carefully study the technology of the listed industries. Well? That’s it! It turns out that in refrigeration units at meat and cold-storage plants, at water treatment plants and other industrial enterprises, ammonia is used as a refrigerant. From 100 to 400 tons! And it is also used on a vegetable base. Moreover, in an amount quite sufficient for a massive gas attack in nearby city blocks.
And at a nearby weaving mill, chlorine is used to bleach fabrics and cellulose. And chlorine, by the way, poisoned enemy soldiers at the First World War. And perhaps if an accident occurs, they will poison you. And you say there is no danger in the city! There is no way. There is always something there, if you look as it should! Okay, we will assume that we have finished with dangerous industries. What’s next? What other dangers may lie in wait for you and your loved ones? Maybe hydrology?
Is there a reservoir in your city? There is? And not even one. And are they, of course, located above the level of the city? And have you ever wondered what could happen if suddenly a dam breaks through? Never? Well, think it over! Or rather, make inquiries about how much water has accumulated in your reservoir and how long its dam has been repaired. In general, show more curiosity. And ask a friend of the hydrologist, at the worst of the programmer, to figure out where the water will go if the dam does not contain its pressure.
And what will be the impact force? Well, at least approximately. And what areas will flood? And to what floors? Well, did your house fall into the flood zone? Well, change your apartment to an equivalent, but in a higher place. Or at least buy life jackets for family members who do not know how to swim. Let’s move on? Where? On the street where the dangers in the city can not be counted.
For example, heavy, at any second ready to fall on your head from the roof of objects. Or crossroads where traffic lights do not work for the second year, but through which your children go to school. Dangling electrical wires. Hooligans who love to attack passers-by in this passing lane. What, got sick of walking? Then let’s go home, open the door and imagine that someone else wants to do the same. Not having a key. But having a longing to clean your apartment. Can we strengthen the door? Just in case.
Everyone has stopped by. And then they tripped over the door of the protruding shoe cabinet. And they fell. Okay, get up and hit the road in your apartment to identify potentially dangerous items. And remember: the one who recognized the potential danger in time will be able to eliminate it. Hands. And not your own smithereens shattered head.
Teaching safety science through visiting emergency rooms and resuscitation is poor. And very expensive. It’s better to think with your head than with plaster. By keeping a register of the dangers surrounding you in the city, you can gradually compile a map of risk factors. And, therefore, you can eliminate these factors. To protect themselves, their loved ones and even not very close, who are also human and also want to live.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Accidents and Natural Disasters.