To destroy harmful insects, if they wound up in linen, clothing and equipment, in the field, you can arrange pest and disinfection chambers. In such pest control chambers, clothes, clothes or equipment are laid on the poles in chamber A. The laundry chamber is tightly closed by a removable shield B from above, the linen, clothes and equipment are laid through the door.
The device and equipment in the field of disinfection and disinfection chambers for the destruction of harmful insects.
Under the chamber A is a furnace. The ceiling of the furnace has openings for the passage of hot air. A layer of large stone is laid on the stove. To prevent smoke from entering the laundry chamber, a sheet of iron is tightly fixed between it and the stove, in which the hatch is closed by a lid. Hot gases passing through a stone heat it so much that if water is poured onto a stone, it instantly evaporates.
The device, equipment and dimensions of field disinfection chambers for the destruction of harmful insects.
To destroy insects, linen, clothes and equipment are placed in chamber A and the stove is well heated for at least three hours. When the stone becomes hot, the furnace is stopped, the chimney is closed with a damper. Through a tightly closed window, the poker moves the lid and water is poured in small portions through the funnel. Water instantly evaporates, and hot steam rushes up. The combined action of heated air and hot steam kills harmful insects and their testicles within 15-30 minutes.
The device and equipment in the field of wells and simple filters for drinking water.
If there are no streams or wells with clean water in the area of location, then mine wells of the simplest type must be torn off. So that the wells are not clogged, they should be made under awnings and covered with lids, and so that the water in them does not become bucket, the bottom of the wells should be lined with a layer of stone. To clean the muddy water, you can arrange the simplest field filters.
The device and dimensions of the simplest field filters for water purification.
If a place for a long location and rest is chosen near a river or stream, then you need to use water in this order. The place where people take water for drinking should be allotted upstream, and the place where they take water for cooking food should be allocated below. Even lower is the place for bathing and washing people. Then a place for a bath and laundry, and finally, below all, a place for bathing horses.
The device and equipment in the field toilet, latrine, garbage and garbage pit.
Toilets, latrines, garbage and garbage pits should be located somewhere behind the terrain and so that the prevailing direction of the wind is from the area of residential buildings towards the latrine and garbage pit, and not vice versa.
Toilets and latrines are arranged in the form of ditches with footboards stacked across them. In the cold season, toilets and latrines should be insulated. For dry garbage, boxes or pits with tight lids are arranged in the area of location. For slops near the kitchens, drain pits come loose, also closed with tight lids.
Based on materials from the book The simplest household and household buildings for troops in the field.