As active elements for simple traps use lifting loops (springs, bands), falling or swaying loads, lashing (possibly with spikes or a blade) flexible branches, shooting or throwing various objects of the device, etc..
Pull-up loops and spring snares as active elements of simple traps.
Pull-up loops or spring snares, the last definition does not include structures that use the energy of a falling load, in addition to pull up the victim can not only pull-up loops, but also the network. A springing element, a bent tree (initially vertical), a branch (initially horizontal), less often a suspended coil spring or rubber can pull up the victim.
In addition, the energy of a falling load, for example, a rocker with a load (otcher), or a load thrown over a block (branch), can uplift a victim. Before bending a tree or branch, small twigs and leaves should be removed from them, they will spring well split along the stick. The retracting loops of the traps can also choke, crush or grab the victim. Usually traps of this kind are used to catch small animals..
The lifting loops can be installed vertically, and the animal, when moving along the path (between the bars of the fence) or behind the bait, pokes the head or part of the carcass into the loop. In this case, the descent of the mechanism can be carried out when you try to take the bait, when you try to free yourself from the beast, or when you touch other sensitive elements (gatehouses) during movement. Pull-up loops, as well as networks, can be installed horizontally on the ground. Possible with a slight elevation on the pegs or on the edge of the pit.
The animal can act on the trigger when trying to take the bait, the paw advancing on the sensitive element or touching other sensitive elements during its movement. The network with a guard is spread on the ground, a cord is threaded through the side cells of the network and tied either with one lingering loop or with two loops connected counterclockwise. In its unfolded form, the network is masked on the ground and, with the help of the above-mentioned cord, is tied to a wary pull-up mechanism.
Acting elements of simple traps in the form of falling and swaying loads.
Often, falling loads are used as an acting element. The most reliable devices, for reasons of impact, ensure the movement of the load along a trajectory perpendicular to the elongated body of the victim. Animals walk on all fours and their body is perpendicular to the ground, in traps on them the load falls vertically down. People often walk vertically and when hunting for them it is more convenient to use traps with a load swinging like a pendulum, at a point of equilibrium this load moves in a horizontal plane. Vertically falling traps are also used, trying to maximize the area covered by the load. If possible, loads are provided with spikes..
To catch animals (very rarely people trying to crawl around) they use falling traps made of a long object (usually logs), with one edge lying on the ground and the other suspended. Such a trap does not so much hit as it presses or pierces the victim. As cargo use logs, stones and other heavy objects, as well as a network.
The energy of a falling load is used in trapping and shooting (throwing) traps. Traps that use the energy of a falling load have one advantage over everyone else – they have no unlimited time during which they can expect a victim. Spreading trees are rarely found in the middle lane, therefore, to guard cargo (especially those swinging), a rope or stick stretched between two trees is used.
Acting elements of simple traps in the form of whipping flexible branches, possibly with spikes or a blade.
The sprouting branches are often used as an element affecting the victim. Usually they use just a flexible stick (wooden archer spring), less often an inflexible stick is seized with rubber or a coil spring. You can use torsion, that is, from twisted rope, tendons, horse or female hair, bast fibers (flax, hemp, jute). A flexible branch can directly affect the victim by striking it, usually at chest level (they will have time to remove its head) or lower legs.
To increase the severity of injuries, the striking surface of the lashing branches is equipped with spikes, a knife blade, a blade or weight. In the presence of elements penetrating the body, they are lubricated with poison. In addition, lashing branches throw arrows and stones, break capsules at cartridges or pierce detonator capsules at shells and mines. They pull the triggers at the handguns, they are used as an intermediate amplifier between the watchman and the triggers with the stiffness of the latter.
As flexible lashing branches use the growing trunks of small trees in a vertical plane. Branches on trees in the horizontal plane. Also cut branches are fixed on trees in horizontal and vertical planes. In the vertical plane, the branch is tied to the tree trunk along, in the horizontal plane, the branch is woven between two trees, less often they are tied to them. You can bind a horizontal branch to one tree, for this it is best to use a tube assembly. Split along a branch or trunk of a tree bends better and has greater elasticity.
To install a torsion mechanism, two closely spaced tree trunks are first rope around several times. Between them insert a small bar or plank. Tie two tube assemblies to the bar and, alternately inserting the levers into them, twist the cock (torsion bar). After the operation is completed, a stick is inserted into one of the loops and screwed to the stop.
Sometimes a cylindrical trap is used. To make it, a pipe is hollowed out of a short log and an end made of an oblong transverse hole is inserted into the end of the stick. Two small sticks are placed at the ends of the pipe and a rope is wound around them. Between the two rows of rope is the end of the stick. The sticks at the ends begin to rotate in one direction by spinning the torsion bar and at the end of the operation they are locked in small indentations at the edges of the pipe. In the middle of the pipe, from the opposite cutout of the side, a transverse stick is rigidly fixed – an emphasis. A striking stick is attached to it with a watchdog..