Consider a situation where you need to hide not only from water dripping from above, but also from water under your feet, that is, in cases where you need to build a shelter in a swamp, on very moist or very cold soil.
The simplest shelter in a swamp, very moist or very cold soil in emergency conditions and extreme situations.
The simplest bed for sleeping in a swamp, very moist or very cold soil.
Before talking about the different types of beds, we will agree in advance about the simplest terminology. Stakes – This is the vertical part of the structure. Stakes are driven in or rest on the ground and keep the bench on weight. Frame – “skeleton” of the bed, consisting of longitudinal or transverse poles, on which the flooring is laid or between which is stretched. Flooring – smaller poles or branches on which a person is to lie, or tightly stretched fabric.
The simplest bed for sleeping in a swamp is two thick (25-30 cm in diameter) trunks laid parallel to each other on the ground or on flat stones laid under their ends. On top of the trunks, close to each other, poles should be laid, having previously chopped all branches and knots on them. For softness, the spruce spruce branches, leaves, dry grass, and reeds can be thrown onto the resulting frame flooring. A canopy, a hut, an Adyghe lodge or a stretch of polyethylene can be built over such an improvised stove bench.
Another way to spend the night in a swamp is to drive four thick bifurcated at the end of the stake, which make up the power structure, into wet soil. Two thin trunks, forming a frame, are laid in slingshots, on which, in turn, a dense pole floor is laid. So that the poles do not disperse under the weight of a person, they must be rested on the protruding ends of the slingshots or tied to each other. If necessary, this bed can be raised 0.5-0.8 meters above ground level. If the floor poles are not strong enough, the trunks forming the base frame should not be laid perpendicular to the bench, but in parallel. On top of them, 30-40 cm from each other, it is necessary to lay 6-8 short poles. And only after that put on thin poles thinner, directly forming the flooring.
In addition to poles, the flooring of a bed for sleeping in a swamp can be made of a piece of fabric stitched around the edges and stretched between two trunks laid in forked slingshots. A large piece of fabric can be wrapped around the trunks forming the frame, and sew in the middle. A similar flooring, accommodating 1-2 people, will look like a canvas stretcher, put handles on supports.
From your own, thrown over the poles and sewn in the middle of a cloak or piece of durable fabric, you can make flooring according to the method shown below. By moving down the triangle poles of the carriage poles, the required tension of the flooring fabric can be achieved..
The following flooring is shown in the same way. Only the fabric in it is replaced by a deck of branches laid close to each other. In addition, a small “nest” couch can be built by laying the poles closely on two parallel thick branches located at the same level on two closely standing trees. Or even to two branches of the same tree closely spaced to each other. But such a platform can accommodate only 1-2 people.
Hammock as the simplest bed for sleeping in a swamp.
If the group in distress has a strong rope, several types of hammocks can be built. A triangular hammock is pulled between three trees. To do this, the rope stretches between the trunks vtuzhuyu, and so as not to slide down the trunks, is fixed to knots and bumps on the bark. Thin poles and branches are laid on top of the ropes. The floor poles, so that they do not move to the sides, it is advisable to tie them to the ropes.
Such a hammock is not recommended to be raised too high above the ground, as it will be difficult to climb it. If you stretch the rope between four trees, you get a rectangular hammock, which is characterized by a larger area and stability. Rope hammocks are uncomfortable because they sag strongly under the weight of a person. This drawback can be eliminated if the ropes are replaced by long poles laid on the boughs of closely spaced trees.
The poles forming the flooring are stacked on top of the pole frame so fixed. To prevent the flooring sticks from spreading, they should be placed at the spreader from the trunk to the trunk or tied. If there are no suitable knots on the trunks, you can make deep bumps in the cortex into which to insert the poles and pull them to the trunk with a wire or rope.
Based on materials from the School of Survival in Natural Conditions.