In the practice of raids and extreme hiking, a single-pitched canopy from a raincoat or tent is often used. For staging this type of shelter for 5-8 people, two or three raincoat tents are required for stingray and the same for a reflector. A rope for flashing the panels of a raincoat tent or tent and extensions, stakes about 1.2 meters high for a canopy and 1.8-1.85 meters for a reflector, short pegs for attaching extensions.
The simplest single-pitched canopy from a raincoat or tent when surviving in extreme conditions, installation methods and features.
The sequence of steps for installing the canopy is the same as the double-shelter. The raincoat tents are sewn together with a rope, the upper eyelets are put on the tips of the stakes, the whole structure is put in place, aligned vertically and fixed with stretch marks. Then the lower edge of the canopy is attached to the ground with small pegs. It should only be remembered that the canopy should be located at a distance of at least 0.75-1 meters from the campfire so that the coal shot from it does not burn through the cloth of the raincoat or tent. Under the canopy, a heat-insulating flooring made of lightweight (trunks or branches with a diameter of 3-5 centimeters), spruce branches, dry grass, on which people are placed, is arranged. From the side of the bonfire, a log is laid along it, protecting sleeping from slipping into the fire:
A bonfire of the Nodia type is built near the canopy. Its main advantage is the directed radiation of the heat flux, which, reflected from the canopy, warms the sleeping. In order to use the heat flux emitted in the opposite direction, a reflector is installed. It, like the main canopy, is sewn from the panels of cloak-tents or tents, only, unlike it, is placed vertically.
The wooden frame serves as a power frame for it, on the upper and lower ends of which the grommets of the tents are put on. It is desirable that the length of the racks is slightly larger than the size of the side of the raincoat or tent, then they will stretch the canvas due to their own elasticity. In order to firmly fix the reflector in a vertical position, it is necessary to provide two extensions on each side of it, so it is advisable to flash its top edge immediately with two ropes:
When installing a reflector, one should also beware of coals fired from a bonfire. In addition, the brakes used for both the reflector and the canopy of the raincoat should be facing away from the fire. Especially if they are plastic.
A similar shelter, which is installed not on level ground but on a slope, is better protected from rain. In this case, it is also necessary to dig a drainage groove from the outside of the canopy.
The practice of extreme hiking and search work has shown that even at low temperatures and strong winds, spending the night next to a bonfire under a properly set awning is warmer than in an unheated tourist tent. When the author of these lines in May 2000, during a search expedition in Death Valley (Novgorod Region), used this shelter, the temperature at night dropped below zero. In the morning I felt much more comfortable than my comrades, who slept in a tent and warmed up all night by intense trembling..
There are other types of shelters based on raincoat tents or awnings. The staging of many of them is described in various books. If you do not have a full-time army raincoat, it is easy to do it yourself. Remember that tarp or visitor materials lose their water resistance after some time. Serebryanka holds water better, but it is sensitive to mechanical damage. Tafeta-type fabric will flow only if you proportion it, which in itself is quite difficult, but in this case your raincoat tent will be much larger.
Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.