Terminal states are transitional states between life and death of the human body. They are characterized by deep, but reversible dysfunctions of the functions of the most important organs and systems of the body, increasing oxygen deficiency.
The terminal state of the human body, preagony, agony and clinical death.
Terminal conditions include preagony, agony, and clinical death. Preagony can last from an hour to several days. At this time, the patient’s condition is characterized by shortness of breath, decreased blood pressure (up to 60 mm Hg..
death, in which irreversible changes occur in the human body.
The goal of assisting terminally ill patients is to maximize their life and ease their suffering. Various factors can lead to a similar state, therefore, treatment and care in each individual case are different. Treatment consists of prescribing medications used for this emergency or crisis of a chronic disease.
During intensive therapy and resuscitation measures, only those medications remain among those prescribed that can somewhat stabilize the patient’s condition. That is, for the most part, symptomatic agents. So, with extensive burns, a patient with chronic arthritis needs antibiotic therapy, and ointments and compresses for the joints are not shown.
Agonizing patients should be separate from other family members or patients, so as not to aggravate the well-being of the latter. They need constant monitoring, therefore it is better to be hospitalized and placed in a ward located near the nursing post. Near such patients, it is necessary to arrange equipment that may be required for resuscitation. If there is evidence for this.
Terminal states have a different period of time from a sharp deterioration to death, they can last a different time, which can only be conditionally predicted. Therefore, with the aim of prolonging the life of such patients, it is necessary to prevent the development of complications of the disease or treatment. As a rule, terminal patients are on mechanical ventilation. It is necessary to carefully and daily monitor the personal hygiene of the patient, including the oral cavity, in order to prevent the development of infectious complications, as well as pressure sores.
Based on the book “Quick help in emergency situations”.