Thermal burns are possible in everyday life and at work, especially severe burns are noted in fires. The causes are usually careless handling of hot and flammable items. Violation of industrial safety. Burns more often occur when exposed to high temperature factors such as boiling water or tar, steam, fire and the like..
Thermal and chemical burns, first emergency medical and first aid for thermal and chemical burns, determination of the burn area.
The depth, or severity, of a burn depends on the temperature of the damaging factor and on how long it lasted. Depending on the depth of damage to the tissues of the human body, superficial and deep burns are distinguished..
and alkalis. The causes of chemical burns in everyday life and at work are careless handling of chemicals, violation of safety regulations. The criteria for the severity of chemical burns, as well as thermal burns, are their depth and area in accordance with the above provisions.
Solutions of acids of high concentration when exposed to the soft tissues of the body cause necrosis in the form of a dense, dry scab, and solutions of alkalis cause a soft, moist scab. In some cases, the smell of various chemical compounds emanates from the wound. A distinctive feature of exposure to the skin of certain acids is the appearance of a scab of a certain color. If a chemical burn is caused by sulfuric acid, the scab is dark brown, if hydrochloric acid is grayish-white, nitrogen is light brown..
First aid for chemical burns.
The main objective of emergency care is to remove the chemical solution that caused the burn. It can be removed by washing the damaged area of the body with a stream of water. It is not recommended to neutralize acids and alkalis on the body of the victim. Acid and alkali react with the release of heat, which will increase tissue damage. After washing the damaged part of the body, you need to apply a sterile dressing and administer painkillers (solutions of metamizole sodium, tramadol). The victim must be taken to the surgical or burn ward of the hospital..
Based on Quick Help in Emergencies.