Mandatory conditions for the quick and successful provision of fire in an emergency is the availability of sufficient tinder, kindling and fuel. Moreover, the tinder is the first and most important component of this list..
Tinder as a material for the production of fire, self-made tinder at home.
Tinder is any material capable of immediate fire or smoldering when sparks fall on it. Especially relevant is the use of tinder in the production of fire using a flint and a lens from the Sun. Or with help. Since tinder, from ancient times were used:
The inside of the birch fungus boiled in a solution of wood ash.
Flax and Cotton Fibers.
In addition, you can use:
Shavings of birch bark, birch bark.
Wood dust fluffy cotton wool.
Burnt cotton fabric.
Napkins, newspaper and so on.
The main requirement for tinder from any material to be necessarily dry and flammable. Therefore, it is preferable to store the tinder in a waterproof sealed package. Although there are many natural materials that can serve as tinder, it is advisable to prepare it in advance and invest in your survival kit. Because to find something suitable for use as a tinder on the spot is not always possible. And if there is, then it may be too wet.
flint. The burning time of a cotton-vaseline ball with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm is about four to five minutes. Such balls are stored without losing their properties for years, and the petroleum jelly applied to them can, if necessary, be used as a moisturizing (weathered lips, etc.) or lubricating (for equipment) material.