Survival is a difficult job, so only the fittest and the most prepared manage to do so. Even if it does not look like it, we live in a beautiful but dangerous environment, capable of deceiving us at every step. Over the years, we managed to dominate it in some areas, but there are still extensive areas of wild land where Mother Nature is free to play with us however she wants. This is the reason why today we are going to talk about the essential aspects of survival: the elements that you must have in your bag to make your adventure a little easier.
Every person who has been camping at least once in their life has an idea about what to bring. However, you would be surprised at the amount of survival essentials that we do not include in our bags. Actually, this happens because we never thought how we would survive if we got lost or what we would need if something went incredibly wrong.
For example, who thinks to take a little extra rope when camping? Or why would you carry an emergency radio and candles? It is difficult to assess the elements you would need in an emergency situation when traveling to relax; If you are not a survivor or if you were not preparing for a zombie apocalypse, of course.
You can learn about the essential aspects of the survival of a survival course. Here you will also learn about hunting with improvised objects and fishing with rope and whatever you have around. Once you know what your travel bag should contain, you should also have knowledge of how to use each of those items in an emergency situation.
List of ten essential elements
This is a classic list that was first published in the book Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills. The author talks about 10 categories of items that each survivor must carry in their travel bag when they are on an outdoor adventure or in an emergency situation.
We believe that all of you already know that the take-away bag must be packed and ready to take at any time in the event of an emergency. If there is an earthquake, for example, or the authorities issue a tornado warning and order the population to evacuate, your first move should be to grab the insect bag and go out with your family and pets.
Returning to the main topic, let’s see what elements should be on your list of ten essential elements:
- Articles for navigation Like a map and a compass. Experts recommend a topographic map so you know what type of terrain lies ahead. Also, if you have the possibility, take a GPS.
- Articles to make light. – Flashlight with solar and standard batteries, candles, matches (water proof), lighthouse. During the night, you will need these items to keep wild animals away and to see around you.
- Items to make a fire. – matches, butane tank, lighter, and anything else.
- First aid kit with basic articles
- Solar protection Like sunglasses and sunscreen, a big hat to protect your face and neck from the skin of the sun. Even if you are in a mountain area, the sun is strong and direct exposure can cause skin burns.
- Clothes and shoes – You always need a change of clothes and an extra pair of sturdy shoes. Make sure you have shirts with long and short sleeves, long pants and shorts, hats, gloves and anything else you consider necessary.
- Repair kit and tools – When in the desert, something can break or tear, so a sewing kit can be very valuable. You will also need a knife, an ax or a machete to cut wood and clear roads.
- Food – Everyone has to eat, and if you do not know what kind of food to bring when you are on an outdoor adventure, you may have some problems. Food is very important for your energy levels and well-being, so do not ignore the advice of professionals.
- Water – Another element that you can not live with. If you are not sufficiently hydrated, your whole body will suffer. This, of course, will reflect your abilities to scale, think and judge situations. These skills are of crucial importance in nature, so make sure you bring enough water.
- Coat – If you plan to stay more than a few hours, bring elements with which you can build a shelter. You will need a tarp, some rope, a sleeping pad and sleeping bags.
This is the list of the ten essential elements and, as you can see, it includes more than 10 elements.
In addition, we will discuss each of these essential elements of survival and we will see when and how we might use it. It is important to know each element very well so you know when to use it. Survival tools are versatile and can be useful in more than one situation for more than one type of activity. Also, you do not always need them all with you. Some are required according to the season and the outside temperature. Some are required according to the area to which you are going to travel, and so on.
Essential elements of survival one by one.
In the next part of this article, we will talk about each element required to keep you alive in an emergency situation. We will discuss how to use each element and in what situations.
Each person must cover four basic needs when they are in a survival situation:
- Food – to maintain high levels of energy and mental.
- water – to keep you hydrated
- Fire – to keep you warm and to cook.
- shelter – to protect yourself from the natural elements
To meet these needs, you will need the following items in your backpack:
- Bottles of water and the knowledge to obtain water from contaminated sources.. Make sure you carry as much water as you can carry, since during a disaster the sources of safe water are usually contaminated, which makes them insurmountable. While on the road, traveling to a shelter or a safer place, you will not have time to search or purify the water. Once it has settled, look for a source of water and purify it with boiling or purifying tablets.
- Water filters and purifying tablets. – It is very important to have at least one of these items with you. If you do not have the conditions to boil water, these will allow you to drink from a contaminated source.
- Water proof containers – Very useful for when you have to live in the desert. You can use them to cook or boil water, which allows you to survive for a longer period of time.
- Fire starters, waterproof matches, candle sticks. If you are not the one who starts a fire with two forests and some dry leaves, do not leave home without them. Fire is essential for your survival in many ways: you need it to cook your food, boil water, keep it warm, make light, protect yourself from wild animals, etc. The candles will be useful when your flashlight runs out of batteries.
- Flashlights and backup batteries. – Try investing in a high quality flashlight that will not let you down when you need it most. We all watched those horror movies when the flashlight surrenders exactly when the monster is about to attack. You definitely do not want that to happen in the forest, when there is no one else around.
- Propane Bell – Do not overestimate your survival skills and pack one of these as well. You may have managed to make a fire without matches and other sources of fire, but when the disaster happens you will not be thinking about this. A propane stove will allow you to arm yourself before you have to enjoy survival at its best. This type of stove should last at least a few weeks if you know how to store it.
- Extra clothes and shoes. – It helps to add some extra layers when you want to stay warm and save fuel. Also, you never know how long you will be in a survival situation, so you will need to change your clothes. Do not forget the socks and the underwear; It was shown that it helps you psychologically to be able to change with clean and dry socks and clean underwear. If the clothes you have are broken and you can no longer use them, you can use them to light a fire or to wash and patch other equipment.
- First aid kit and medication. – Your first aid kit should be well stocked with all kinds of items. You should also add an analgesic such as ibuprofen (also reduces fever), antiseptic spray (for stings, cuts, burns and other wounds), alcohol and hydrogen peroxide to wash the wounds before the bandage, medicines against diarrhea A toxic plant or does not boil water enough and has diarrhea), and any prescribed medication.
- Radio and meteorological batteries. – You need to keep up with the news or keep in touch with other survivors. Radio waves are the easiest to use in an emergency situation and a weather radio will automatically start if someone transmits on the emergency frequency.
- Canvas and sleeping bags – If you do not want to carry a tent, make sure you always carry a sturdy tarp, some rope and a sleeping bag. These items can help you put together a beautiful shelter with tree branches, grass, leaves, moss and twigs. The canvas can also be used as floor insulation.
- Knife, ax and machete. These elements are extremely necessary in a survival situation for both defense and survival. The knife is the most versatile of all, but you must choose it carefully. Specialists recommend using a knife with a fixed knife because it is stronger than a folding knife. You need it to be sharp, flexible, strong and the handle must offer you a good grip. Some knives have a special depression to use as a baseboard when you are trying to make a two-wood fire using friction. For what you can use a knife in the desert:
- Cutting smaller branches to take refuge.
- skin small animals
- making wooden spears
- you can bow to you
- making fire to light the fire
- You can use it as a cap when you try to make fire.
- cutting smaller woods
- cutting food
- cutting vegetation
- cutting rope and clothes
- Use your blade to crush nuts and other hard shells.
The ax should be light and also sharp; The main thing for which you are going to use it is to cut wood. The machete is very useful to clear the path of dry or green vegetation. It is important to do this because the vegetation hides small creatures like snakes and others. If you do not have a machete, you can use the knife with the same ease.
- Map and compass – Important elements for your survival. Of course, you need to know how to use them to orient yourself in the right direction. Try to take an orientation course or see online tutorials describing how to use a map and a compass. The best thing is to have a topographic map that shows you what type of terrain you will find, but a normal map will also do it.
You should be able to see the main roads and trail routes that you can follow. There are also survival apps that you can use for maps and compasses, but it’s always better to have them with you. A phone can break or your battery could die, but a physical map and a compass will never let you down.
- Personal hygiene items – You may be living in the forest for a while, but you should not miss a bar of soap and some toothpaste from your bag. You will feel the need to clean your hands and the last thing you will need is cavities. Take care of your body and you will be less exposed to diseases. Dirty hands bring a lot of new germs into your body and your immune system may not know how to deal with them.
- Toilet paper and paper towels. It is important to have these items with you to dry your hands and any spills. The paper is biodegradable and can be used as a firebreak once it is dry again. You may not believe it now, but these little items that define our basic comfort are the ones we miss the most.
- Shovel you’ll need it to dig cat pits and clear roads if there’s snow, for example. In addition, if you will be forced to start your own garden due to a global disaster, a shovel will be a great help.
- Nonperishable food – stock up on foods with long shelf life like cans, dehydrated foods and fruits, dry bread, peanut butter, anything that does not add too much extra weight to your backpack and you think you’ll be able to eat. There are specially prepared emergency kits in specialized stores where you can get a 7-day food package. Of course, if you want to have stocks for a longer period of time, there are larger packages with more items. Anyway, food is an element that should definitely be in your essential elements of survival.
- Emergency whistle and mirror. – so you can notify the rescue teams or other survivors. You can hear an emergency whistle at a great distance if you put your lungs in it. Remember, three short hits means you are in danger.
- A multi-tool Another important element that you can use in many situations. Be sure to take one with a can opener so you do not have to carry both.
- Extra rope such as paracord belts, bracelets and others. If you are a passionate paracordist, you know how these items can be helpful when you need that extra rope. Paracord is another versatile element that must not be lacking in its essential elements of survival. It is extremely useful when you need to repair something, when you need to fish or hunt, or when you simply need an extra piece of strong rope.
- Rain clothes It is always better to take with you a raincoat and a waterproof case for your backpack. The rain can penetrate your clothes and make you feel cold and miserable. This is not something you need when you live from one day to the next. Also, if you protect your backpack, it will keep the entire interior dry and ready to use.
Well, these are some essential survival elements that you should have with you in case of an emergency or a global disaster.
Even so, the most important essential elements of survival will be your abilities. Everything you know and learn about survival will be extremely useful when the time comes.
People trust things too much and when they can no longer use them, they begin to panic. That is why it is very important to have your own skills and the ability to handle all kinds of situations. He must also be generous and share his knowledge with anyone willing to learn. After all, helping each other in a time of need is what makes us human.