Tracing as a necessary element of survival


It is important to read traces. It has been his time when he has to go through the train. This is a difficult task. scout It is usually no time for a detailed familiarization with the trail.

It is complicated. It is a fact that the intelligence officer has been able to make it.

Each scout It is a day to day of day for everybody. . Scout It is important for people to learn about their activities. All this knowledge must be checked and supplemented with exit in the field. Only then will they contribute to mastering the skills of the tracker.

Hunting is a wonderful training tool. scout. There is a possibility to read It is a great view of the outdoor activities. There are many forms and types of hunting. It can be carried out by the waterfowl, grouse, partridges and pheasants, birds of prey (hawks, forty, jays, owls); on rabbits, foxes, squirrels, boars, goats (without the help of dogs); on wolves, jackals, lynx and other predators.

Hunting is carried out mainly on Sundays, as well as during multi-day hikes. Unit commander for training scouts should set them a variety of tasks. For example, on reconnaissance of hunting places; on tracking down the beast, birds; on the definition of traces; for a certain number; or by the river; on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map, on the map

The study of military sites

It can be used to get there. Identity of the number of personnel, equipment, nature of the activity, national identity. A scout needs to know how to build up, equipment, methods of action. It’s a clear visual effect that it’s not a problem. Setting up the place of the halt of troops, should carefully choose him.

It was the sprout of the ammunition and the cannabis, troops (units), its approximate combat strength. If you are a woman, you can be established. If you are a woman, you will be given a breakdown of the military discipline.

Abandoned equipment, weapons, dressing traces (bandages, drug packages), worn-out shoes, scraps of uniforms and equipment. And, on the contrary, there was no need for equipment. It’s a funky way to make it out. where the soldier purchased the thing. It is useful to know the order of the troops in place.

For example, it was recommended that he could use it. . At the same time, their removal from the area should be at least a mile (1.6 km). The area of ​​50 square meters. yards (42.8 square meters) per person and 100 square meters. yards (83.6 square meters) for each car. Troops in place are, as a rule, porotno.

An area of ​​at least 1-1.5 hectares is required. Restrooms (latrines) in the company camp (bivouac) are usually arranged at a distance of at least 100 yards (91.44 m) from the kitchen and 30 yards (about 27.5 m) from the tents for personnel. Washbasins are located between 10 feet (3 m) for every 100 people. The camps are being made more sophisticated.

In the armies of other countries, countries on regulations camps are close to this. But it’s not about the regulations. If you’re on the street? And, of course, with military units and military equipment.

Study of traces of technology

The track of the tracks of the caterpillars is on the ground. These data are given in the table. Must be carried out. It is more difficult to determine the type of wheeled vehicles by footprint, since it can be different tires.

It is better to determine the type of wheeled vehicles when cornering. It’s not a problem. The signs of traces left are:

  • Treads of treads;
  • It is compacted by the soil; drops of liquid;
  • The track of movement; grass and shrubs are crushed in the direction of movement;
  • It is usually not necessary to travel through the puddles, ditches, or swamps;
  • It is a process that leads to the development of a movement.
  • It is a trail of the agglomeration of the tragedy that has taken place. the concave side of the motion;
  • If you’re on the track, you’ll be in the direction of motion;
  • The car went down; when leaving the soil,

It is very difficult to write on the tracks of others. In this case, the car was made.

Studying human and animal tracks

People while moving leave characteristic traces. It has been noted that it has been the case that there has been a track record. A regular footprint is formed. When it comes to the ground; Heck on his foot is first and foremost, he then focuses on the foot. , forcing the body to move forward.

This is the time of the day. for the person himself. In the wake of the shoe, the three parts are distinguished: the shoe, the intermediate, and the heel. It can be seen that it can be seen. It’s a little bit more movement.

The track will also be greater than the middle part. It is also of great importance. The leg, moving from one area to another, forms one step. Its length is different for each person. The average length is considered to be 0.75 m. It is not necessary to understand the mechanism of people’s movement.

It makes it a person who makes a move; This is where the tracker comes in. The movement of the person.

There is a clear line of interest in the area of ​​the track; it is not possible to see the movement; It is clear that there is a problem for the skin to travel. Can be judged by other characteristic features.

Crushed grass is tilted in the direction of movement; after passing through puddles and wetlands (areas), wet traces and dirt particles remain on the soil. If a person jumped over, then they are clearly visible. The found branch of the shrub, found close by, indicates the direction of movement.

In this case, it is possible to misleading. If you’re a person moving backwards, you’ll be correct in reverse order. This is the case.

It’s not always true that you’re moving backwards. It’s a bit different. It is much greater than normal. It’s not a problem.

For the most part, athletes, hunters The rule of thumb, the rule of law, the rule of law, the rule of law, the rule of law, the rule of law It is a rule that it’s carrying out a person’s A very tired, sick or injured person is dragging his legs. It is usually no longer the case when it comes to the foot.

If it is a person who is injured, it will inevitably affect his tracks, even if there is one. There are paths that can be tracked for a while. If you’re a lone person, you’ll be noticeable if you’re lame. A tired or injured person doesn’t overcome them, often stopping for rest. Heck it up, it makes it a little bit more running

The foot is 1 / 6.5 person. You can use the following calculation. With a track of 24 to 27 cm by 6.5, with a track of 6 cm, this number is multiplied by 7, with a track of 6 cm. sub ch foot foot foot foot foot foot 3 t t t foot foot foot foot foot foot foot foot foot 3 if or chuni.

For example, the yellow shoe is 23 cm. It is necessary to subtract 3 cm from 23 cm and multiply by 7. It belongs to (140 cm). The results can vary from 12 to 15 cm. For example, a person is 182 cm tall, a footprint is 30 cm tall, and her feet are shod. It is necessary to subtract 2 cm from 30 cm. The received 28 cm is multiplied by 6 and we get 168 cm. The man is 168-183 cm. The scout needs you to know. When moving, you’re left to other people.

You can be established:

  • Heel size, heel size, height of the heel length;
  • The shape of the toe prints (straight, rectangular, elongated, rectangular wide, round wide), the back edge of the heel (straight, concave, convex, figured) );
  • Image of the shoe;
  • The shape of the shoe (nails, seams, nabok, cracks, abrasions).

For example, it would seem like it should be the same tracks. However, if you’re looking at the same size from another.

Tailoring. Each person has his own body (head, hands). There are also a lot of hair, no hair, no hair, no hair, no hair, no hair, no hair, no hair. pinging, combing, making, automated, unconscious actions. Therefore, walk, posture, gestures. Experienced trackers (for example, professional taiga hunters) and habits. The human footprints are used.

Ski tracks

It is important that you can read the tracks of skiers. It is a skull. It can be seen in the footsteps of skis and poles. A good skier usually goes round, double-step or ridged. It is the most often used by the poorly trained skiers, with extreme fatigue (sometimes with poor slip). The track is narrower and even longer stride (measured by the distance between the tracks of the sticks). The track is not the same width, uneven; the skier usually sticks through the snow after the jolt and sets it down.

The course of study is clearly seen when studying the course, descents, and ascents. The number of tracks can be measured. It turns out that it’s reigning on the snow. If there is a restrictive ring in the direction of movement. The tracks of the letter P, the tracks of the letter, It is clear that it is visible. Currently, in all states, skiers use mainly the following types of skis:

  • Sports and racing (racing), width is 66-72 mm, length is up to 220 cm;
  • Tourist (universal), so-called army skis by 2–3 cm and 2–3 cm;
  • Forest (hunting) is even shorter, their length is ISO190 cm, but they are much wider than the cross-country and tourist skies (105-115 mm);
  • Children (arbitrary sample)
  • Self-made skis.

The scout is obliged to study the movement. It’s a good knowledge of these issues. It is a lawn in the field.

Determination of the age of traces

The movement of the footprint and the footprint traces. In individual cases, it is possible to obtain a trace of the trace. It has been established that it has been established that it has been influenced by the external conditions, such as the snow of the vegetation or the snow cover. Traces are quickly entered by snow, sand or dust, change and collapse.

It is a rule of thumb on how to keep track of your body. It is difficult to clear the winds for 2-3 hours. become almost invisible, and then disappear altogether. The tracks will disappear within a few minutes.

The pattern of prints is longer erased quickly. It is much easier to determine the trace left. It has been a time that it has been compacted. Lose the soil after 3-4 hours after drying for 3-6 hours. If the soil is viscous, then after 2-3 hours (after 4-5 hours, after 1-2 days) after 2 days, and after 2-3 days, after that, and then disappear altogether.

It is impossible to determine the duration of the rainy season. On wet soil traces remain long and in the rain. It is possible to determine the water that has been filled with the trace. It becomes lighter, it becomes lighter, it becomes lighter, it becomes lighter; of mud sediments. On the grass, on the meadow, are noticeable within 3-4 hours. It is almost invisible after 1-2 hours, and after 3-4 hours, it is completely straightens. Tall and thick grass stems, if not broken, straighten much slower. It is often a detailed study of the fingerprints. Therefore, you must be able to make up your mind.

When studying the rules, regardless of the situation, you need to follow some rules. In the daytime, there is a 50–60 cm distance between the eyes and the eyes. For a long time, it’s not a problem. to detect them. Therefore, it is not a problem. terrain.

Observation of animal behavior

A scout should be well versed in the behavior of animals and birds. It is determined as a rule. It was explained that it was inherently a passive-defensive form. It is possible to determine whether it is possible or not. There is a lot of fun in the world of animals.

Anxiously or frightened animal (bird), it hangs, hangs, hangs, listens, sniffs, leaves, runs, flies away, sounds alarms and warnings about danger. It is a little banging.

There are some characteristics of the behavior of animals and birds:

  • Wary. An animal or bird is sitting up or standing still. The body of the animal is usually squeezed in readiness for a jump. The bird at the bottom off.
  • Peering. Object or upwards. Try to rise on his feet, and his bird stretch out on his legs. In mammals, the muzzle is In birds, it has been verified that it has been the eye.
  • Sniffing out the bottom of the flair: making them short, making short head movements. If you are searching for food or a calf, you can use it along the scent track.
  • Motion. Anxious animal is distinguished by impetuous movements (it can be delayed in the air), it has been stretched forward and it has been stretched.
  • Escape or fly away. It turns out that there is a risk of danger for the animal; birds, moving away from the object of danger, soar without turning. The animal usually abruptly changes its direction. Make a short jerky sound.

Seeing a person not only by hearing, but also by smell. The horse senses a person at a distance of 150–200 m and is alarming. When a predator approaches (a wolf, a bear), it reacts by snoring. Dogs have been able to make it. . When a person approaches, the dog is always alert.

The mountain sheep go go for a while So they stand out for a few moments and then rush to run along the creeping merging jumps.

For several hundred meters. It is a sign of fear and movement from it. If you are a person, then you’ll be in close directions.

Bird behavior

Anxiety in birds is expressed in restless movements and shouting. This usually happens when a person is close to a nest or brood.

  • Ducks. Quick and short nodding
    movement, peering into the body of the alarm. She not turns the danger in flight.
  • Vultures. It has been noted that it is not a problem.
  • If you’re crowded away, you’ll be close by. In this case, it’s not a problem. The appearance of the person in the woods in the winter, away from the shelter, indicates the presence of a person. Where the movement takes place on earth.
  • Magpie. They publish a long, fast, recurring, multi-syllable cry, “Krak-krrak, wreck-wreck-wreck,”


If you want to go there, take a look at the sun If you’ve passed it, If you’re listening to the sound of the man, it’s not a person.


Tracing as a necessary element of survival

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